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饮食养生:《黄帝内经》中饮食养生法

节五味,避免五味偏嗜酸、苦、甘、辛、咸是饮食水谷的五种滋味,《内经》称之为五味,对人体脏腑具有补益作用,是维持生命活动的物质基础,《素问·六节藏象论》云:“天食人以五气,地食人以五味……五味入口,藏于肠胃,味有所藏,以养五气,气和而生,津液相成,神乃自生。

The five tastes of water and grain in diet are to conserve the five tastes and avoid the five tastes being more acidophilic, bitter, sweet, pungent and salty. It is called the five tastes in the canon of internal medicine. It has a tonic effect on the internal organs of the human body and is the material basis for maintaining life activities; The five flavors are stored in the intestines and stomach. The five flavors are stored in the intestines and stomach. They are produced by nourishing the five Qi and harmonizing the Qi. The body and the fluid are integrated. The spirit is born by itself.

”这里指出,五味可以养五脏之气,促进神的生成。

&It is pointed out here that the five flavors can nourish the Qi of the five zang organs and promote the generation of God.

在《内经》的其他篇章还讨论了五味对五脏的作用差异,如《灵枢·五味》说:“五味各走其所喜,谷味酸,先走肝,谷味苦,先走心,谷味甘,先走脾,谷味辛,先走肺,谷味咸,先走肾。

In the other chapters of Neijing, the differences of the effects of the five flavors on the five zang organs are also discussed, such as Lingshu Wuwei, which says: "the five flavors go their own way: sour grain, bitter grain, heart, sweet grain, spleen, spicy grain, lung, salty grain and kidney.

味过于辛,筋脉沮弛,精神乃央。

The taste is too pungent, the muscles and veins are depressed, and the spirit is the center.

”上述经文虽表述不同,但其核心思想基本一致,即都认为五味过极可以损伤脏腑功能。

&"Although the above scriptures have different expressions, their core idea is basically the same, that is, they all think that excessive five flavors can damage the function of viscera.

过食甘味,土气太旺,土乘水,伤及于肾,可见面色黧黑、胸闷气喘、腰膝酸痛、脱发。

If you eat too much sweetness, you will get too much earthiness. If you drink too much water, you will hurt your kidney. You can see that your face is swarthy, your chest is stuffy, you will gasp, your waist and knees are sore, and you will lose your hair.

过食苦味,火气太过,火旺刑金,伤及皮毛,可见皮肤干燥,毫毛脱落;或母病及子,影响脾胃,致使脾气不运、胃部胀满。

If you eat too much bitterness, too much fire, too much fire, you will be punished, and your skin will be damaged. You can see that your skin is dry and your hair will fall off. Or if you have a mother's disease and a child, it will affect your spleen and stomach, resulting in bad temper and full stomach.

”因此,调节五味的平衡对于维持脏腑功能具有重要意义,避免五味的偏嗜是中医饮食养生的首要原则。

&Therefore, regulating the balance of five flavors is of great significance for maintaining the function of viscera, and avoiding the preference of five flavors is the primary principle of TCM diet regimen.

因而大饮,则气逆。

Therefore, if you drink too much, your Qi will go against.

”反之,如果长期饮食过饥,又会造成气血津液的化生不足。

&On the contrary, if you eat too much food for a long time, it will cause insufficient metaplasia of Qi, blood and body fluid.

”指出饮食过寒可以伤肺而致气机上逆。

&It is pointed out that excessive cold diet can injure the lung and cause Qi upwardness.

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