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饮食养生:味精高温加热致癌 如何安全使用

营养学专家指出,味精使用不当会产生不良后果,对人体健康产生副作用,因此在烹调味精时有几忌。

Nutrition experts pointed out that improper use of monosodium glutamate will have adverse consequences and side effects on human health, so there are several taboos when cooking monosodium glutamate.

温度超过120℃,味精便会生成致癌物质——焦谷氨酸钠;通过小白鼠实验发现,食用大剂量味精会使视网膜变薄。

When the temperature exceeds 120 ℃, monosodium glutamate will produce carcinogen & mdash; & mdash; sodium pyroglutamine; through the experiment in mice, it is found that large dose of monosodium glutamate can make the retina thinner.

第二天放进微波炉中高温加热,由于微波炉的加热高温一般在280℃度左右,因此,高温下会有一定比例的味精生成焦谷氨酸。

Put it into the microwave oven for high temperature heating the next day. Because the high temperature of the microwave oven is generally about 280 ℃, a certain proportion of monosodium glutamate will generate pyroglutamic acid at high temperature.

举例表示,将油倒入锅中加热,一旦锅中油出现浮动,油温已达150℃度,如果有些小烟冒出,油温已达180℃度,如果冒出大烟,那么温度已达220℃度。

For example, pour the oil into the pot to heat it. Once the oil in the pot floats, the oil temperature has reached 150 ℃. If some small smoke comes out, the oil temperature has reached 180 ℃. If there is big smoke, the oil temperature has reached 220 ℃.

营养学专家指出,味精使用不当会产生不良后果,对人体健康产生副作用,因此在烹调味精时有几忌。

Nutrition experts pointed out that improper use of monosodium glutamate will have adverse consequences and side effects on human health, so there are several taboos when cooking monosodium glutamate.

因此,对于一些食物中本身就含有味精的话,那么一旦遇到这么高温度的油,必会产生焦谷氨酸钠。

Therefore, for some foods that contain monosodium glutamate, once meeting such high temperature oil, it will produce sodium pyroglutamine.

如果含有味精的菜饭需要加热,那么可以放入蒸锅中熏蒸,因为蒸锅中熏蒸的温度不足100℃度。

If the food containing monosodium glutamate needs to be heated, it can be put into the steamer for fumigation, because the fumigation temperature in the steamer is less than 100 ℃.

营养学专家指出,味精使用不当会产生不良后果,对人体健康产生副作用,因此在烹调味精时有几忌。

Nutrition experts pointed out that improper use of monosodium glutamate will have adverse consequences and side effects on human health, so there are several taboos when cooking monosodium glutamate.

如果您想吃拌菜需要放味精提鲜时,可以把味精用温开水化开,晾凉后浇在凉菜上。

If you want to eat mixed vegetables and need to put monosodium glutamate for freshness, you can use warm water to boil monosodium glutamate, cool it and pour it on the cold dishes.

第三忌是用于碱性食物,在碱性溶液中,味精会起化学变化,产生一种具有不良气味的谷氨酸二钠。

The third taboo is for alkaline food, in alkaline solution, monosodium glutamate will have a chemical change, produce a bad smell of glutamate disodium.

第四忌:用于酸性食物,味精在酸性菜肴中不易溶解,酸度越高越不易溶解,效果也越差。

Fourth taboo: for acidic food, monosodium glutamate in acidic dishes is not easy to dissolve, the higher the acidity, the more difficult to dissolve, the worse the effect.

过量的味精会产生一种似咸非咸、似涩非涩的怪味,使用味精并非多多益善。

Excessive monosodium glutamate will produce a kind of strange taste like salty but not salty and astringent but not astringent. It is not good to use more monosodium glutamate.

老年人及患有高血压、肾炎、水肿等疾病的病人应慎重食用。

Elderly people and patients with hypertension, nephritis, edema and other diseases should be careful to eat.

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