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饮食养生:抗生素对人类的危害

文章目录一、抗生素对人类的危害二、副作用相对较小的常用抗生素三、使用抗生素注意事项抗生素对人类的危害1、滥用抗生素会消灭有害菌群抗生素本身也会导致疾病,是药三分毒,抗生素也不例外。

1. Abuse of antibiotics will eliminate harmful bacteria, antibiotics themselves will also lead to diseases, and antibiotics are no exception.

2、滥用抗生素会带来毒副作用若擅自加大抗菌药物的药量,很大机率会损伤神经系统、肾脏、血液系统!不合理使用抗生素经常会造成药物中毒,严重造成人的死亡。

2. Abuse of antibiotics will bring toxic and side effects. If the dosage of antibiotics is increased without authorization, the nervous system, kidney and blood system will be damaged. Unreasonable use of antibiotics often leads to drug poisoning and serious death.

滥用抗生素引发的毒性反应更不可忽视,有些抗生素易引起耳鸣、耳聋,有些易损伤肝脏、肾脏等。

Some antibiotics are easy to cause tinnitus, deafness, and some are easy to damage liver and kidney.

一旦发现,应及时停药,可以恢复;二是不可逆的再生障碍性贫血,虽然少见,但死亡率高。

Once found, should stop drug in time, can recover; second, irreversible aplastic anemia, although rare, but high mortality.

可能与氯霉素抑制骨髓造血细胞内线粒体中的与细菌相同的70s核蛋白体有关。

It may be related to the inhibitory effect of chloramphenicol on 70S ribosomes in mitochondria of bone marrow hematopoietic cells.

为了防止造血系统的毒性反应,应避免滥用,应用时应勤查血象,氯霉素也可产生胃肠道反应和二重感染。

In order to prevent the toxic reaction of hematopoiesis system, we should avoid abuse, and frequently check the blood picture when using it. Chloramphenicol can also produce gastrointestinal reaction and double infection.

2、大环内酯类:作为二线的抗菌药物和针对支原体感染的抗生素。

2. Macrolides: second line antibiotics and antibiotics for mycoplasma infection.

使用抗生素注意事项1、过敏体质慎用抗生素,对过敏的药物禁用。

Precautions for the use of antibiotics: 1. Antibiotics should be used with caution for allergic constitution, and allergic drugs should be prohibited.

6、抗生素达到最大作用,一般在用药72小时之后,也就是说用药3天后才达到最好疗效,通常的用药1~2天认为无效而随意停用或更改药物是不合理的。

6. Antibiotics to achieve the maximum effect, generally 72 hours after medication, that is to say, 3 days after medication to achieve the best effect, usually 1-2 days of medication that is invalid and arbitrarily stop or change the drug is unreasonable.

饮食养生:抗生素对人类的危害

文章目录一、抗生素对人类的危害二、副作用相对较小的常用抗生素三、使用抗生素注意事项抗生素对人类的危害1、滥用抗生素会消灭有害菌群抗生素本身也会导致疾病,是药三分毒

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