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饮食养生:白 鱼

原料介绍白鱼(white fish)属鲤科鱼类,俗称大白鱼、翘嘴白鱼、白鱼。

White fish belongs to Cyprinidae, commonly known as big white fish, white fish and white fish.

体形长,甚侧扁,头背平直,头后背部隆起。

The body is long, very flat on the side, the back of the head is straight, and the back of the head is raised.

口上位,下颌很厚,上翘,口裂与体长轴几乎成垂直。

The upper part of the mouth, the lower part of the jaw is very thick and upturned.

眼大,位于头的侧下方。

The eyes are large and located under the side of the head.

下咽齿末端成钩状。

The end of the hypopharyngeal teeth is hook shaped.

腹鳍基部至肛门有腹棱;背部具强大而光滑的硬刺;尾鳍分叉,下叶稍长于上叶。

The caudal fin is bifurcated and the lower lobe is slightly longer than the upper lobe.

体背略呈青灰色,两侧银白,各鳍灰黑色,平时多生活在流水及大水体的中上层,游泳迅速,善跳跃,以小鱼为食,是一中凶猛性鱼类。

Its back is slightly bluish gray, its sides are silvery white, and its fins are grayish black. It usually lives in the middle and upper layers of running water and large water bodies. It swims fast and is good at jumping. It feeds on small fish. It is a fierce fish.

它可以在1~32度水体环境中生活,长年捕食生长。

It can live in the water environment of 1-32 degrees and prey for many years.

雌性3龄,雄性2龄成熟,6-7月产卵,幼鱼喜栖湖泊进岸水域或河道、港湾水流较缓沿岸生活。

The females are 3 years old and the males are 2 years old. They lay eggs from June to July. The juveniles like to live in the coastal waters of lakes or rivers or harbors with slow water flow.

自然分布甚广,是我国南北水域常见的淡水鱼类。

It is widely distributed in nature and is a common freshwater fish in the north and South waters of China.

白鱼生长快,个体大,最大个体可达10公斤,其肉质白而细嫩,味美而不腥,一贯被视为上等佳肴。

White fish grows fast and has a large body, the largest of which can reach 10 kg. Its meat is white and tender, delicious but not fishy, and has always been regarded as a top-grade delicacy.

原为野生品种,近些年养殖工作者有效地解决了白鱼的人工繁殖,苗种的培育与白鱼用颗粒饲料问题,已能进行大面积人工饲养。

It was originally a wild variety. In recent years, the breeding workers have effectively solved the problems of artificial propagation, seedling cultivation and pellet feed for white fish. It has been able to carry out large-scale artificial breeding.

学名翘咀红白鱼,是一种凶猛鱼类,也属太湖主要经济鱼类之一,与“太湖三宝”合称“太湖四珍”。

Its scientific name is qiaozui red and white fish. It is a fierce fish and one of the main economic fish in Taihu Lake. Together with "three treasures of Taihu Lake", it is called "four treasures of Taihu Lake";.

少刺多肉,味道鲜美,营养价值较高。

Less thorn, more meat, delicious taste, high nutritional value.

营养分析白鱼除味道鲜美外,还有较高的药用价值,具有补肾益脑,开窍利尿等作用。

Nutritional analysis of white fish in addition to delicious taste, there are high medicinal value, with kidney and brain, resuscitation diuretic effect.

尤其鱼脑,是不可多得的强壮滋补品。

Fish brain, in particular, is a rare strong tonic.

久食之,对性功能衰退、失调有特殊疗效。

If you eat it for a long time, it has a special effect on sexual dysfunction.

相关人群一般人均可食用1. 适宜营养不良,肾炎水肿,病后体虚,消化不良之人食用;2. 支气管哮喘之人,癌症患者,红斑性狼疮者,荨麻疹,淋巴结核以及患有疮疖者忌食。

It is suitable for people with malnutrition, nephritis, edema, post disease body deficiency and dyspepsia; 2. People with bronchial asthma, cancer, lupus erythematosus, urticaria, lymphatic tuberculosis and ulcers should not eat.

食物相克白鱼不宜和大枣同食。

White fish should not be eaten with jujube.

制作指导食用时可清蒸、红烧,用白鱼制成鱼圆,则味道更佳,历来受到消费者的喜欢。

When eating, it can be steamed and braised. When making fish balls with white fish, it tastes better and has always been liked by consumers.

食疗作用白鱼肉性味甘、温;有开胃、健脾、利水、消水肿之功效;可以用于治疗消瘦浮肿、产后抽筋。

It has the functions of appetizing, invigorating spleen, promoting diuresis and eliminating edema. It can be used to treat emaciation, edema and postpartum cramps.

其他相关白鱼是吉林的鱼中上品,俗话说:“三月桃花开江水,白鱼出水肥且鲜。

Other related white fish are the best in Jilin Province. As the saying goes: "in March, the peach blossom blooms in the river, and the white fish is fat and fresh.

”《永吉县志》记载:“白鱼一名‘鱼白’一名‘鱼乔’,吉林产者最细,故又称细鳞白鱼,贡品。

&"Yongji County annals" records that "white fish" is a "fish white" and a "fish Qiao". Jilin produces the thinnest fish, so it is also called "thin scale white fish" as a tribute.

”唐代诗圣杜甫在《峡隘》一诗中就提到:“闻说江陵府,云沙静眇然。

&"Du Fu, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, mentioned in his poem" gorge pass ": & lt; when he heard about Jiangling mansion, the clouds and sand were quiet.

白鱼如切玉,朱橘不论钱。

A white fish is like jade, and a red orange is like money.

水有远湖树,人今何处船。

The water is far away from the lake and the trees are far away.

青山各在眼,却望峡中天。

Green mountains are in the eye, but they look at the sky in the gorge.

”唐.盂诜:经宿者勿食,令人腹冷。

&"Tang Yushen: do not eat for sleeping. It makes your stomach cold.

多食泥人心,久食令人心腹诸病。

Eating more mud makes people feel sick.

《日华子本草》:患疮疖人不可食,甚发脓。

Rihuazi materia medica: people suffering from sores and boils are not allowed to eat. They are very purulent.

元.吴瑞:多食生痰,与枣同食患腰痛。

Wu Rui: eat more phlegm, eat with jujube, suffer from low back pain.

《随息居饮食谱》:白鱼,甘温,行水助脾,发痘排脓。

"With the rest of the diet": white fish, sweet and warm, line water to help the spleen, acne row pus.

多食发疥,动气,生痰。

Many food hair scabies, moving Qi, phlegm.

《食疗本草》:助脾气,能消食。

Food therapy materia medica: help temper, can Xiaoshi.

《开宝本草》:主胃气,开胃下食,去水气,令人肥健。

"Kaibao Materia Medica": it can control stomach qi, stimulate stomach to eat, remove water Qi, and make people fat and healthy.

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