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饮食养生:杏子的功效与营养价值

功效与作用: 润肺定喘,生津止渴。

Efficacy and effect: moisten lung, relieve asthma, generate fluid and quench thirst.

杏果有良好的医疗作用,在中草药中居重要地位,主治风寒肺病,生津止渴,润肺化痰,清热解毒。

Apricot fruit has a good medical effect and occupies an important position in Chinese herbal medicine. It is mainly used for treating wind cold and lung disease, generating fluid and relieving thirst, moistening lung and resolving phlegm, clearing heat and detoxifying.

杏肉除了供人们鲜食之外,还可以加工制成杏脯、糖水杏罐头、 杏干、杏酱、杏汁、杏酒、杏青梅、杏话梅、杏丹皮等;杏仁可以制成杏仁霜、杏仁露、杏仁酪、杏仁酱、杏仁点心、杏仁酱菜、杏仁油等。

In addition to fresh food, apricot meat can also be processed into preserved apricot, canned apricot in sugar water, dried apricot, apricot sauce, apricot juice, apricot wine, apricot green plum, apricot plum, apricot red skin, etc.; almond can be made into almond cream, almond syrup, almond cheese, almond sauce, Almond snack, almond sauce, almond oil, etc.

用杏仁半两,去皮尖,在童便中浸七日,取出,温水淘洗,研如泥,加童便三升煎如膏。

Use half a pair of almonds, peel off the tip, soak in children's stool for seven days, take out, wash with warm water, grind like mud, add three liters of children's stool and fry like cream.

2、上气喘急。

2. He is short of breath.

有杏仁、桃仁各半两,去皮类,炒研,加水调生面和成丸子,如梧子大。

There are almonds, peaches each half two, peeled class, fried research, add water to adjust noodles and into balls, such as Wuzi big.

每服十丸,姜蜜汤送下。

Every ten pills, Ginger Honey soup.

以微泻为度。

Slight diarrhea as the degree.

3、喘促浮肿,小便淋沥。

3. Shortness of breath, edema and urine dripping.

用杏仁一两,去皮尖,熬后磨细,和米煮粥,空心吃二合。

One or two almonds, peeled tip, boiled after grinding, and rice porridge, hollow eat two.

4、头面风肿。

4. Head swelling.

用杏仁捣成膏,调鸡蛋黄涂布上,包头面。

Pound almond into paste, transfer egg yolk, coat, Baotou surface.

药干又涂。

The medicine dried and spread.

七、八次可愈。

7、 Eight times can be cured.

5、偏风不遂,失音不语。

5. Partial wind failure, aphasia.

生吞杏仁七枚,逐日增加至四十九枚,周而复始。

Seven almonds were eaten raw, and the number increased to 49 every day.

食后饮竹沥,直到病愈。

Drink bamboo juice after eating until you get well.

6、喉痹痰嗽。

6. Throat obstruction and phlegm cough.

用杏仁去皮、熬黄,取三分,加桂末一分,研泥裹含咽汁。

Peel almonds and boil them yellow. Divide them into three parts, add one part in the end of cinnamon, grind the mud and wrap them with pharyngeal juice.

7、喉热生疮。

7. Sore due to throat heat.

治方同上。

The treatment is the same as above.

8、肺病咯血。

8. Pulmonary hemoptysis.

用杏仁四十个,以黄蜡炒黄,研青黛一钱加入,捣烂,包在切开的柿饼中,外裹湿纸,煨熟吃下。

Stir fry 40 almonds with yellow wax, add indigo naturalis, mash, wrap in the cut persimmon, wrap in wet paper, simmer and eat.

9、血崩。

9. Blood collapse.

用甜杏仁上的黄皮,烧存性,研为末。

With sweet almond on the yellow skin, burning, research for the end.

每服三钱,空心服热酒送下。

Three yuan for each service, and hot wine for hollow service.

10、痔疮下血。

10. Hemorrhoids under the blood.

用杏仁(去皮类及双仁者)加水三升,研磨,滤汁,煎至五成,同米煮粥吃。

Add three liters of water with almonds (peeled and double benevolent), grind, filter juice, fry until 50%, and eat with rice porridge.

11、耳出脓汁。

11. Ear abscess.

用杏仁炒黑,捣成膏,裹棉中塞耳内。

Stir fry with almonds, mash into paste, wrap cotton in the ear.

一天换药三、四次。

Change the dressing three or four times a day.

12、鼻中生疮。

12. Sore in the nose.

用杏仁研为末,调乳汁敷涂。

Grind with almond as the end, adjust the milk to apply.

13、虫牙。

13. Worm teeth.

有杏仁烧存性,研烂纳虫孔中,人杀虫去风,其痛便止。

There are almond burning, grinding rotten Na worm hole, people kill insects to wind, the pain will stop.

重者两次可见效。

If it's serious, twice can be effective.

14、小儿脐烂成风。

14. The umbilicus is rotten in children.

用杏仁去皮研烂敷涂。

Use almond to peel, grind and apply.

15、停食不化,气满膨胀。

15. If you stop eating, you will be full of gas.

用红杏仁三百粒、巴豆二十粒,同炒色变,去豆不用,研杏为末,桔皮汤调下。

Use 300 red almonds and 20 Croton, stir fry to change color, remove beans, grind apricot as powder, and adjust orange peel soup.

16、白癜风。

16. Vitiligo.

用杏仁连皮尖,每晨嚼几粒擦患处令发赤,临卧时再如法擦一次。

Use almond with skin tip, chew a few grains every morning, rub the affected area to make hair red, and rub it again when lying down.

17、诸疮肿痛。

17. All sores are swollen and painful.

用杏仁去皮,研烂,滤取膏,加轻粉、麻油调搽,极效。

Use almond to peel, grind, filter cream, add light powder and sesame oil, very effective.

营养价值: 果实中含类黄酮较多。

Nutritional value: the fruit contains more flavonoids.

类黄酮有预防心脏病和减少心肌梗死的作用。

Flavonoids can prevent heart disease and reduce myocardial infarction.

因此,常食杏脯、杏干,对心脏病患者有一定好处。

Therefore, often eat preserved apricot, dried apricot, heart disease patients have certain benefits.

杏是维生素b17含量最为丰富的果品,而维生素b17又是极有效的抗癌物质,并且只对癌细胞有杀灭作用,对正常健康的细胞无任何毒害。

Apricot is the most abundant fruit with vitamin B17 content, and vitamin B17 is a very effective anticancer substance, and it can only kill cancer cells, without any toxicity to normal and healthy cells.

南太平洋上的岛因斐济是世界上独一无二的“无癌之国”。

An island in the South Pacific, because Fiji is the only cancer free country in the world;.

该国盛产杏果,人们都喜欢吃。

The country is rich in apricots, which people like to eat.

据调查,该国未曾出现死于癌症者,而且居民的寿命都很长,素有“长寿国”之称。

According to the survey, there are no cancer deaths in the country, and the life expectancy of the residents is very long, known as the "longevity country".

据科学分析,经常吃杏可能是斐济人无癌长寿的主要原因之一。

According to scientific analysis, regular apricot eating may be one of the main reasons for Fijian people's cancer-free longevity.

苦杏仁能止咳平喘,润肠通便,可治疗咳嗽等疾病。

Bitter almond can relieve cough and asthma, moisten intestines and relieve constipation, and can treat cough and other diseases.

甜杏仁和日常吃的干果大杏仁偏于滋润,有一定的补肺作用。

Sweet almonds and daily eat dried almonds tend to moisten, have a certain role in lung.

杏仁还含有丰富的维生素c和多酚类成分,这种成分不但能够降低人体内胆固醇的含量,还能显著降低心脏病和很多慢性病的发病危险性。

Almonds are also rich in vitamin C and polyphenols, which can not only reduce the content of cholesterol in the body, but also significantly reduce the risk of heart disease and many chronic diseases.

杏仁富含维e,有美容功效,能促进皮肤微循环,使皮肤红润光泽。

Almond is rich in vitamin E, has beauty effect, can promote skin microcirculation, make skin ruddy luster.

鲜杏的维生素c含量很高,这是另一种抗氧化剂,有助于身体吸收铁。

Fresh apricots are high in vitamin C, another antioxidant that helps the body absorb iron.

但杏干和罐装杏子会失去大部分这种营养素。

But dried and canned apricots lose most of this nutrient.

但是,无论采取哪种形式的杏子,都可以获得大量铁和钾,这是维持神经和肌肉功能必要的营养成分,它们有助于维持正常血压和平衡体液。

However, no matter what form of apricot is taken, it can obtain a lot of iron and potassium, which are essential nutrients for maintaining nerve and muscle function, and they help to maintain normal blood pressure and balance body fluids.

所有的杏子营养成分里都包含天然水杨酸,和阿司匹林里的活性成分很相似。

All apricots contain natural salicylic acid, which is similar to the active ingredient in aspirin.

因此,对阿司匹林过敏的人吃杏也会产生过敏反应。

Therefore, people who are allergic to aspirin will also have an allergic reaction to apricot.

同样重量的杏干含有的营养要比新鲜和罐装杏子丰富。

Dried apricots of the same weight contain more nutrients than fresh and canned apricots.

因为,杏干只有32%的水,而其他形式杏的水分达到83%。

Because dried apricots only have 32% water, while other forms of apricots have 83%.

杏是一个高热量集中来源,4盎司的新鲜杏子就可以提供50卡路里热量,而4盎司的干杏热量可以高达260卡路里。

Apricots are a source of high calorie concentration. Four ounces of fresh apricots can provide 50 calories, while four ounces of dry apricots can provide up to 260 calories.

杏干不但吃起来方便,而且富有营养。

Dried apricots are not only convenient to eat, but also nutritious.

杏子往往使用二氧化硫进行处理做出杏干,以保持其颜色和某些营养素。

Apricots are often treated with sulfur dioxide to make dried apricots to maintain their color and certain nutrients.

吃这种亚硫酸盐处理方式生产的杏子可能会引发某些人的哮喘发作或过敏反应。

Eating apricots produced by this sulfite treatment may cause asthma attacks or allergic reactions in some people.

因此,除非干杏标示为亚硫酸盐,哮喘病患者应尽量避免这种食品。

Therefore, unless dried apricots are labeled as sulfite, asthma patients should try to avoid this kind of food.

说道杏子的药用价值,就不会不提到苦杏仁甙。

When it comes to the medicinal value of apricot, amygdalin will be mentioned.

苦杏仁甙是一种来自杏仁非常有争议的物质。

Amygdalin is a very controversial substance from almonds.

从法律上讲,它不能作为医疗药物出售,但它可以作为营养补品的成分,保健食品通常把苦杏仁甙称作维生素b17。

Legally speaking, it can not be sold as a medical drug, but it can be used as a nutritional supplement. Amygdalin is usually called vitamin B17 in health food.

民间用它作为治疗癌症,心脏病,过敏,肝脏疾病和其他疾病的天然替代疗法。

Folk use it as a natural alternative therapy for cancer, heart disease, allergy, liver disease and other diseases.

但是,现代的大量科学研究还没有发现可以从苦杏仁甙得到健康益处。

However, a large number of modern scientific research has not found that amygdalin can get health benefits.

来自杏仁或其他来源的苦杏仁甙能够释放氰化物,因此,医生警告,大量服用苦杏仁甙有可能导致氰化物中毒。

Amygdalin from almonds or other sources can release cyanide, so doctors warn that large doses of amygdalin may lead to cyanide poisoning.

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