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饮食养生:婴儿胆管阻塞的症状

文章目录一、婴儿胆管阻塞的症状二、婴儿胆管阻塞的治疗三、婴儿胆管阻塞产生原因婴儿胆管阻塞的症状1、婴儿胆管阻塞的症状胆道闭锁的主要症状是持续性黄疸、陶土色粪便、浓茶样尿和肝脾肿大。

The main symptoms of biliary atresia are persistent jaundice, clay colored stool, strong tea like urine and hepatosplenomegaly.

然而其疾病症状却在接下来不知不觉中逐渐显露,往往在生理性黄疸消退后又出现巩膜、皮肤黄染。

However, the symptoms of the disease are gradually revealed in the next imperceptible, often after the physiological jaundice subsides, the sclera, skin yellow staining.

随着黄疸加重,肝脏也逐渐增大、变硬,患儿腹部膨隆更加明显。

The jaundice and swelling of the liver became more and more severe.

3个月患儿的肝脏可增大平脐,同时出现脾脏增大。

The liver of 3-month-old children can enlarge the umbilicus and spleen.

病情严重者可有腹壁静脉怒张、腹水、食管静脉曲张破裂出血等门静脉高压症表现。

Severe cases can have abdominal wall vein, ascites, esophageal varices bleeding and other manifestations of portal hypertension.

3个月后发育减缓,营养欠佳,精神萎靡,贫血。

After 3 months, growth was slowed down, nutrition was poor, spirit was depressed and anemia was found.

5-6个月后因胆道梗阻,脂肪吸收障碍,脂溶性维生素缺乏,全身状态迅速恶化。

5-6 months later, due to biliary obstruction, dyslipidemia, lack of fat soluble vitamins, the state of the whole body deteriorated rapidly.

维生素a缺乏引起眼干、指甲畸形、皮肤干燥缺乏弹性;维生素d缺乏引起维生素d缺乏病、抽搐;维生素k缺乏,血清凝血酶减少,出现皮下淤血及鼻出血等现象;易合并上呼吸道感染及腹泻。

Vitamin A deficiency causes dry eye, nail deformity, skin dryness and lack of elasticity; vitamin D deficiency causes vitamin D deficiency disease and convulsion; vitamin K deficiency leads to reduction of serum thrombin, subcutaneous congestion and nasal bleeding; it is easy to be complicated with upper respiratory tract infection and diarrhea.

区别二:体征和排便各有不同胆道闭锁患儿随着病情的加重皮肤会变成金黄色甚至褐色,大便的颜色也从正常的淡黄色变成浅黄色、偏白,以后成为陶土样灰白色,小便为深黄色继而为浓茶色。

Difference 2: physical signs and defecation are different. With the aggravation of the disease, the skin of children with biliary atresia will turn golden yellow or even brown, and the color of stool will change from normal light yellow to light yellow and white, and then become clay gray white, and then dark yellow and then dark brown.

婴儿胆管阻塞的治疗若怀疑患儿存在胆道闭锁,应当在生后2个月内施行剖腹手术,因为延迟手术会导致患儿发生不可逆的胆汁性肝硬化。

If biliary atresia is suspected in infants with bile duct obstruction, laparotomy should be performed within 2 months after birth, because delayed operation will lead to irreversible biliary cirrhosis.

术中应作胆道造影以了解胆道情况,肝组织应作活检,冷冻切片了解其形态学改变。

Intraoperative cholangiography should be performed to understand the situation of biliary tract. Biopsy and frozen section of liver tissue should be performed to understand the morphological changes.

对于肝功能衰竭的患儿,肝移植挽救了肝脏的功能。

For children with liver failure, liver transplantation saves liver function.

多年来认为kasai手术应用于胆道闭锁可作为第一期处理步骤。

For many years, Kasai operation can be used as the first stage of treatment for biliary atresia.

胆管也可因感染化脓造成溃疡和胆道出血。

The bile duct can also be infected and purulent, resulting in ulcers and biliary bleeding.

这些病理改变一旦发生,即使手术解除了胆管高压,但在肝实质和胆管仍会留下损害,这也是本症的严重性的存在。

Once these pathological changes occur, even if the operation has relieved the bile duct hypertension, the liver parenchyma and bile duct will still be damaged, which is the severity of the disease.

饮食养生:婴儿胆管阻塞的症状

文章目录一、婴儿胆管阻塞的症状二、婴儿胆管阻塞的治疗三、婴儿胆管阻塞产生原因婴儿胆管阻塞的症状1、婴儿胆管阻塞的症状胆道闭锁的主要症状是持续性黄疸、陶土色粪便、

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