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饮食养生:胆固醇对血管的伤害

血液里的“坏”胆固醇越多,聚集在动脉壁里的就越多,斑块不断长大,使动脉逐渐狭窄甚至阻塞,影响血液和氧的输送,就会引起心绞痛、心肌缺血、脑梗死、脑软化等疾病。

The more "bad" cholesterol in the blood, the more accumulated in the arterial wall, the more plaque growing, so that the artery gradually narrow or even block, affecting the blood and oxygen delivery, will cause angina pectoris, myocardial ischemia, cerebral infarction, encephalomalacia and other diseases.

适宜的运动有快走或慢跑、游泳、爬山、乒乓球、羽毛球、太极拳、骑自行车等。

Suitable sports include walking or jogging, swimming, mountain climbing, table tennis, badminton, Taijiquan, cycling, etc.

3、高胆固醇血症患者日常饮食应注意什么控制总热量:主食每天4两(女)、6两(男),以全麦面包、燕麦、机米、土豆、南瓜为佳,少吃点心,不吃油炸食品。

3. The daily diet of patients with hypercholesterolemia should pay attention to the control of total calories: staple food 4 liang (female), 6 Liang (male), with whole wheat bread, oats, machine rice, potato, pumpkin as the best, eat less snacks, do not eat fried food.

(各种食物100克/2两的胆固醇含量:猪肝2两,368毫克;鸡蛋一个,250毫克;猪肉2两,肥的113毫克,瘦的75毫克;牛奶100克,全脂40毫克,脱脂4毫克;链鱼2两,58毫克;蔬菜、水果、豆腐,0毫克。

( _the_cholesterol_content_of_100_g_/_2_liang_of_various_foods_ : _pig_liver_2_liang_ , _368_mg_ ; _egg_1_ , _250_mg_ ; _pork_2_liang_ , _fat_113_mg_ , _lean_75_mg_ ; _milk_100_g_ , _total_fat_40_mg_ , _defatted_4_mg_ ; _chain_fish_2_liang_ , _58_mg_ ; _vegetables_ , _fruits_ , _tofu_ , _0_mg_ ._

)胆固醇高的食疗方法枸杞黑豆粥。

)High cholesterol diet method wolfberry black bean porridge.

有活血、利水、祛风、清热解毒、滋养健血、补虚乌发的功能,是植物中营养最丰富的保健佳品。

It has the functions of promoting blood circulation, promoting water, dispelling wind, clearing heat and detoxification, nourishing blood and tonifying deficiency and black hair. It is the most nutritious health care product in plants.

方法:准备好黑豆、枸杞子、大米。

Methods: black beans, wolfberry and rice were prepared.

黑豆连同泡豆的汁水倒入沙煲,大火煮开,小火熬煮20分钟。

Pour the black beans together with the juice of pickled beans into a sand pot. Bring to a boil over high heat and simmer for 20 minutes.

倒入大米,大火煮开,小火煮15分钟。

Pour in the rice and bring to a boil over a high heat for 15 minutes.

煮好的黑豆粥可以适当的调入白糖或者盐食用。

Cooked black bean porridge can be properly mixed with sugar or salt to eat.

其溶解性与脂肪类似,不溶于水,易溶于乙醚、氯仿等溶剂。

Its solubility is similar to fat, insoluble in water, soluble in ether, chloroform and other solvents.

胆固醇是由甾体部分和一条长的侧链组成。

Cholesterol is made up of steroids and a long side chain.

人体中胆固醇的总量大约占体重的0.2%,骨质约含10毫克,骨骼肌约含100毫克,内脏多在150~250毫克之间,肝脏和皮肤含量稍高,约为300毫克。

The total amount of cholesterol in human body accounts for about 0.2% of body weight. Bone contains about 10 mg, skeletal muscle contains about 100 mg, viscera mostly between 150 mg and 250 mg, liver and skin content is slightly higher, about 300 mg.

脑和神经组织中含量最高,每100克组织约含2克,其总量约占全身总量的l/4。

The content of brain and nerve tissue is the highest, about 2G per 100g tissue, which accounts for about 1g of the total body.

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