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饮食养生:新生儿怎么测黄疸

文章目录一、新生儿怎么测黄疸二、如何护理黄疸宝宝三、宝宝黄疸的治疗方法新生儿怎么测黄疸1、新生儿黄疸检查1.1、胆红素检测:是新生儿黄疸诊断的重要指标,可采取静脉血或微量血方法测定血清胆红素浓度(tsb)。

Article contents 1. How to measure jaundice in newborns; 2. How to care for infants with jaundice; 3. Treatment methods for neonatal jaundice; 1. Neonatal jaundice examination 1.1; bilirubin detection: it is an important indicator for the diagnosis of neonatal jaundice. Venous blood or micro blood method can be used to determine serum bilirubin concentration (TSB).

新生儿溶血病:血型包括父、母及新生儿的血型(abo和rh系统),特别是可疑新生儿溶血病时,非常重要。

Hemolytic disease of the newborn: blood group includes the blood group of father, mother and newborn (ABO and Rh system), especially when the hemolytic disease of newborn is suspected, it is very important.

红细胞脆性试验:红细胞脆性试验怀疑黄疸由于溶血引起,但又排除血型不合溶血病,可做本试验。

Red blood cell brittleness test: it is suspected that jaundice is caused by hemolysis, but hemolytic disease due to incompatibility of blood type is excluded.

2、什么是新生儿生理性黄疸生理性黄疸一般出现在出生后的2-3天左右,由于新生儿的胆红素代谢特点,即出生后胆红素的生成过多而代谢和排泄能力低下,致使血液中的胆红素水平升高,约50%~60%的足月儿和80%的早产儿出现暂时性的、轻度的黄疸过程,称为生理性黄疸。

2. What is neonatal physiological jaundice? Physiological jaundice generally appears in about 2-3 days after birth. Due to the characteristics of neonatal bilirubin metabolism, that is, the generation of bilirubin after birth is too much and the metabolism and excretion capacity is low, resulting in the increase of bilirubin level in the blood. About 50% - 60% of full-term infants and 80% of premature infants appear temporary, mild jaundice process, known as physiological jaundice.

爸妈可以在自然光线下,观察新生儿皮肤黄染的程度,如果仅仅是面部黄染,为轻度黄疸;躯干部皮肤黄染,为中度黄疸;如果四肢和手足心也出现黄染,为重度黄疸。

Parents can observe the degree of jaundice of newborn skin under natural light. If it is only facial jaundice, it is mild jaundice; if the skin of trunk is yellow, it is moderate jaundice; if the limbs and hands and feet are also yellow, it is severe jaundice.

如果大便成陶土色,应考虑病理性黄疸,多由先天性胆道畸形所致。

If the stool is clay colored, pathological jaundice should be considered, which is mostly caused by congenital biliary malformation.

如果黄疸程度较重、出现伴随症状或大便颜色异常应及时去医院就诊,以免耽误治疗。

If the degree of jaundice is severe, accompanied by symptoms or abnormal stool color, timely go to the hospital to avoid delay in treatment.

4、给新生儿充足的水分,小便过少不利于胆红素的排泄。

4. To the newborn adequate water, urine too little is not conducive to the excretion of bilirubin.

5、在黄疽期间要注意给予足够的糖水及热力,并保护好肝脏。

5. During the period of jaundice, we should give enough sugar water and heat, and protect the liver.

6、如果黄疽出现过早或消失过迟,或黄疸程度过重,或逐渐减轻后又再加重,婴儿精神不佳、吸奶少或拒奶等临床症状时,则属病理性黄疸,应及时去医院诊治。

6. If the jaundice appears too early or disappears too late, or the jaundice degree is too heavy, or gradually reduces and then aggravates again, the infant's spirit is not good, sucking less or refusing milk and other clinical symptoms, it belongs to pathological jaundice, should go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment in time.

2、黄疸的药物治疗酶诱导剂:苯巴比妥每日4~8mg/kg,副作用有嗜睡及吮奶缓慢。

2. Drug treatment of jaundice enzyme inducer: Phenobarbital 4-8 mg/kg daily, side effects are drowsiness and sucking milk slowly.

饮食养生:新生儿怎么测黄疸

文章目录一、新生儿怎么测黄疸二、如何护理黄疸宝宝三、宝宝黄疸的治疗方法新生儿怎么测黄疸1、新生儿黄疸检查1.1、胆红素检测:是新生儿黄疸诊断的重要指标,可采取静脉血或

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