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饮食养生:高胆固醇食物

如果你已经是高胆固醇患者,则要低于200毫克。

If you are already suffering from high cholesterol, it should be less than 200 mg.

如果选择鸡蛋作为早餐,就摄入了213毫克胆固醇。

If you choose eggs for breakfast, you get 213 mg of cholesterol.

2、汉堡美国人喜欢吃汉堡,麦当劳在中国也相当流行,但是你知道吗?麦当劳的巨无霸汉堡含有85毫克的胆固醇,双层吉士汉堡含有175毫克胆固醇。

2. Hamburgers Americans like to eat hamburgers. McDonald's is quite popular in China, but did you know that McDonald's Big Mac contains 85 mg of cholesterol and double cheeseburger contains 175 mg of cholesterol.

3、冰淇淋根据美国农业部数据,美国2007年生产了1.55亿加仑的冰淇淋,冰淇淋打败饼干和巧克力蛋糕成为最受欢迎的甜点。

3. Ice cream according to the U.S. Department of agriculture, the United States produced 155 million gallons of ice cream in 2007, beating biscuits and chocolate cakes as the most popular dessert.

放弃冰淇淋,用水果当甜点吧。

Give up ice cream and use fruit for dessert.

4、牛排即使在最好的情况下(瘦肉,橄榄油烹调),4盎司(1盎司=31克)牛排就能达到你每日饱和脂肪和胆固醇的上限。

4. Even at the best of times (lean meat, olive oil cooking), 4 ounces (1 oz = 31 g) of steak can reach your daily saturated fat and cholesterol limits.

但是如果你有心也可以自己制作低脂粗粮蛋糕。

But if you want to, you can also make your own low-fat coarse grain cake.

胆固醇的作用1、形成胆酸胆汁产于肝脏而储存于胆囊内,经释放进入小肠与被消化的脂肪混合。

The role of cholesterol 1, the formation of bile acid bile produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder, released into the small intestine and mixed with the digested fat.

胆汁的功能是将大颗粒的脂肪变成小颗粒,使其易于与小肠中的酶作用。

The function of bile is to change large fat particles into small ones, making it easy to interact with enzymes in the small intestine.

在小肠尾部,85%~95%的胆汁被重新吸收入血,肝脏重新吸收胆酸使之不断循环,剩余的胆汁随粪便排出体外。

In the tail of the small intestine, 85% - 95% of the bile is reabsorbed into the blood, the liver reabsorbs bile acid to make it circulate continuously, and the rest of the bile is discharged from the body with the feces.

3、合成激素激素是协调多细胞机体中不同细胞代谢作用的化学信使,参与机体内各种物质的代谢,包括糖、蛋白质、脂肪、水、电解质和矿物质等的代谢,对维持人体正常的生理功能十分重要。

3. Synthetic hormones are chemical messengers that coordinate the metabolism of different cells in a multicellular organism. They participate in the metabolism of various substances in the body, including sugar, protein, fat, water, electrolytes and minerals, which are very important for maintaining normal physiological functions of the human body.

胆固醇的分布1、胆固醇虽然存在于动物性食物之中,但是不同的动物以及动物的不同部位,胆固醇的含量很不一致。

Although cholesterol exists in animal food, the content of cholesterol in different animals and different parts of animals is very different.

兽肉的胆固醇含量高于禽肉,肥肉高于瘦肉,贝壳类和软体类高于一般鱼类,而蛋黄、鱼子、动物内脏的胆固醇含量则最高。

The cholesterol content of animal meat is higher than that of poultry, fat meat is higher than lean meat, shellfish and mollusks are higher than common fish, and the cholesterol content of egg yolk, roe and animal viscera is the highest.

2、将每100克食物中胆固醇含量低于100毫克的食物称为低胆固醇食物,将每100克食物中胆固醇含量为100~200毫克的食物称为中度胆固醇食物,而将每100克食物中胆固醇含量为200~300毫克的食物称高胆固醇食物。

2. The food with cholesterol content less than 100 mg per 100 g is called low cholesterol food, the food with 100-200 mg cholesterol per 100 g food is called medium cholesterol food, and the food with 200-300 mg cholesterol per 100 g food is called high cholesterol food.

2、鱼如果你想吃肉但是又害怕会使你的胆固醇升高的话,那就吃鱼吧。

2. Fish if you want to eat meat but are afraid that it will raise your cholesterol, eat fish.

因为鱼中含有的脂肪酸都对心脏非常好处。

Because the fatty acids in fish are very good for the heart.

而且脂肪酸可以降低血压、叁酸甘油脂,也可以预防中风。

And fatty acids can lower blood pressure, triglycerides and prevent stroke.

3、韭菜韭菜除了含钙、磷、铁、糖和蛋白、维生素a、c外,还含有胡萝卜素和大量的纤维等,能增强胃肠蠕动,有很好的通便作用,能排除肠道中过多的营养,其中包括多余的脂肪。

3. In addition to calcium, phosphorus, iron, sugar and protein, vitamin A and C, leek also contains carotene and a large number of fiber, which can enhance gastrointestinal peristalsis, has a good defecation effect, and can eliminate excessive nutrition in the intestinal tract, including excess fat.

如何预防胆固醇高1、少吃高脂食物如肥肉,油,奶油,花生等。

How to prevent high cholesterol 1, eat less high-fat food, such as fat, oil, cream, peanuts and so on.

2、少吃高胆固醇食物如动物内脏,脑髓,蛋黄,松花蛋等;特别注意:少吃高热量食物,如面粉,大米,巧可力,白糖,油脂等。

2. Eat less high cholesterol food, such as animal viscera, brain pulp, egg yolk, Songhua egg, etc.; special attention: eat less high calorie food, such as flour, rice, chocolate, sugar, oil, etc.

3、多吃降脂食物如玉米,燕麦,洋葱,大蒜,茄子,芹莱,木耳,海带,香菇,鱼等。

3. Eat more lipid-lowering foods, such as corn, oats, onions, garlic, eggplant, celery, fungus, kelp, mushrooms, fish, etc.

4、要加强锻练或减肥。

4. Exercise more or lose weight.

胆固醇高的危害1、会加快前列腺癌的生长速度,会引发肾衰竭脂类的肾脏疾病。

High cholesterol harm 1, will accelerate the growth of prostate cancer, will cause renal failure, lipid kidney disease.

3、会阻塞心脏动脉和使其变窄,更容易引发心脏病。

3. It can block and narrow the heart artery, which is more likely to cause heart disease.

4、会使骨质疏松症的可能性变高,同时过多摄入胆固醇可导致牙周病、牙和牙隙之间的沟隙会扩大。

4. At the same time, excessive intake of cholesterol can lead to periodontal disease, and the gap between teeth and teeth will be enlarged.

饮食养生:高胆固醇食物

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