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饮食养生:轻度黄疸的临床表现

文章目录一、轻度黄疸的临床表现二、黄疸如何预防三、黄疸食疗方轻度黄疸的临床表现1、轻度黄疸的临床表现可出现寒战、发热、腰痛部疼痛等急性溶血性的临床表现;黄疸一般为轻度,呈柠檬色;皮肤无瘙痒;血清总胆红素升高,一般不超过85μmol/l,以间接胆红素为主,尿中尿胆原增加,尿胆红素阴性;有不同程度的贫血表现,周围血网织红细胞增多,骨髓检查可见红细胞系统增生活跃,血清铁及尿内含铁血黄素增加。

Contents 1. Clinical manifestations of mild jaundice 2. How to prevent jaundice 3. Clinical manifestations of mild jaundice 1. Clinical manifestations of mild jaundice, such as chills, fever, low back pain and other acute hemolytic clinical manifestations; jaundice is generally mild, with lemon color; skin does not itch; serum total bilirubin increases, generally no more than 85 μ mol/L, Indirect bilirubin was the main cause of the disease, and urinary bilirubin was negative. There were different degrees of anemia, peripheral blood reticulocyte increased, bone marrow examination showed active proliferation of red blood cell system, serum iron and urine ferritin increased.

此外,大量溶血导致的贫血,使肝细胞处在缺氧、缺血的状态下,其摄取、结合非结合胆红素的能力必然会进一步降低,结果导致非结合胆红素在血液中浓度更为增高而出现黄疸。

In addition, anemia caused by massive hemolysis makes liver cells in the state of hypoxia and ischemia, and its ability to absorb and bind unconjugated bilirubin is bound to be further reduced. As a result, the concentration of unconjugated bilirubin in the blood is higher and jaundice appears.

除上述检查外,还应进行一些有关溶血性疾病的辅助检查,如红细胞脆性试验、酸溶血试验、自身溶血试验、抗人球蛋白试验、血常规、尿隐血、血清游离血红蛋白、尿含铁血黄素、血清乳酸脱氢酶、葡萄糖-6-磷酸脱氢酶等。

In addition to the above examination, some auxiliary examinations related to hemolytic diseases should be carried out, such as erythrocyte fragility test, acid hemolysis test, autohemolysis test, anti human globulin test, blood routine test, urine occult blood, serum free hemoglobin, urinary hemosiderin, serum lactate dehydrogenase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, etc.

黄疸如何预防首先,小儿黄疸发生的原因,其中之一就是宝宝在胎儿时期因孕妈的湿热体质所导致,从而让宝宝出生后出现“胎黄”情况。

How to prevent jaundice? First of all, the causes of jaundice in children, one of which is that the baby is caused by the dampness and heat constitution of the pregnant mother during the fetal period, so that the baby appears "fetal jaundice" after birth.

因此,为了预防小儿黄疸,孕妈们在怀孕期间要注意饮食,不要过多吃生冷、辛辣、湿热食物,同时也要忌烟酒、咖啡、有色饮料等。

Therefore, in order to prevent jaundice in children, pregnant mothers should pay attention to diet during pregnancy, do not eat too much raw and cold, spicy, hot and humid food, but also avoid tobacco, alcohol, coffee, colored drinks, etc.

再者,宝宝出生后也要密切观察宝宝身体、精神状况,如果有精神萎靡、嗜睡、吮乳困难、惊惕不安、两目斜视、四肢强直或抽搐等症状,就要及时到院就诊寻找原因,看看这些症状是不是由病理性黄疸所造成。

Moreover, after the baby is born, we should also closely observe the baby's physical and mental conditions. If there are symptoms such as mental depression, drowsiness, sucking difficulties, panic, strabismus, limb rigidity or convulsion, we should go to the hospital in time to find out the reasons, and see if these symptoms are caused by the rational jaundice.

薏米、粳米淘洗干净,放入锅内,加水适量,煮至粥将熟时,放入黄瓜片,小火煮3分钟即可。

Wash the job's tears and japonica rice, put them into the pot, add appropriate amount of water, cook until the porridge will be cooked, add cucumber slices, and cook for 3 minutes at low heat.

红枣汤[原料]鸡骨草30克,红枣8枚。

Jujube soup [raw material] chicken bone grass 30g, 8 jujube.

[吃法]每天2次,温热饮用。

[how to eat] 2 times a day, warm drink.

炖豆腐[原料]泥鳅250克,豆腐100克,精盐少许。

Stewed tofu [raw material] loach 250 g, tofu 100 g, a little salt.

[吃法]吃泥鳅和豆腐喝汤,分2次服食。

[eating method] eat loach and bean curd and drink soup, take it twice.

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