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饮食养生:胆囊壁息肉症状

小的胆囊息肉(直径<10mm),已被发现其绝大多数为良性病变,且可以保持许多年不发生变化。

Small gallbladder polyps (& lt; 10 mm in diameter) have been found to be benign and remain unchanged for many years.

息肉的数目、形态单发、广基的息肉易癌变。

The number and shape of polyps are single and broad-based.

因此结石存在增加胆囊癌变危险性。

Therefore, gallstones increase the risk of gallbladder cancer.

伴随临床症状恶性的胆囊息肉更倾向于伴随的临床症状。

Malignant gallbladder polyps with clinical symptoms tend to be accompanied by clinical symptoms.

3、胆囊壁息肉的手术治疗对于息肉直径小于10mm、多个、有蒂的胆囊息肉患者,提示病变为假瘤性息肉可能性大,以腹腔镜胆囊切除术为首选。

3. The surgical treatment of gallbladder wall polyps for the polyp diameter less than 10 mm, multiple, pedicle gallbladder polyps patients, suggesting that the lesions are pseudotumor polyps, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the first choice.

如为癌性息肉,肿瘤局限于黏膜时可行单纯胆囊切除术;一旦肿瘤侵及肌层,就需要行扩大切除术,包括胆囊床肝脏楔形切除,淋巴结清扫。

If it is cancerous polyp and the tumor is confined to mucosa, simple cholecystectomy is feasible; once the tumor invades the muscular layer, extended resection is needed, including gallbladder bed, liver wedge resection and lymph node dissection.

2、宜多食干豆类及其制品。

2. They should eat more dried beans and their products.

3、宜选用植物油,不用动物油。

3. Vegetable oil should be used instead of animal oil.

5、要多吃含有维生素a的食物,如绿色蔬菜、胡萝卜、西红柿、小白菜、菠菜、韭菜、玉米、萝卜等。

5. To eat more food containing vitamin A, such as green vegetables, carrots, tomatoes, cabbage, spinach, leek, corn, radish, etc.

每天1剂,分3次服,疗程为30天。

One dose a day, divided into three times, the course of treatment for 30 days.

服药期间停用其他药物,禁食肥猪肉及蛋类食品等。

During the period of taking medicine, other drugs should be stopped and fat pork and egg food should be forbidden.

2、逐瘀消症汤当归15g,赤芍10g,桃仁15g,五灵脂10g(包煎),白花蛇舌草30g,煅蛤壳30g,炙鳖甲20g,醋浸炒香附15g,莪术10g,金钱草30g,凌霄花10g。

2. Zhuyu Xiaozheng decoction: Danggui 15g, Chishao 10g, Taoren 15g, wulingzhi 10g (Baojian), Hedyotis diffusa 30g, calcined clam shell 30g, roasted turtle shell 20g, vinegar fried Xiangfu 15g, zedoary turmeric 10g, Lysimachia 30g, lingxiaohua 10g.

每日1剂,水煎,早晚分服,10天为1个疗程,2个疗程后b超复查观察疗效。

One dose a day, water decoction, morning and evening, 10 days for a course of treatment, after two courses of B-ultrasound review to observe the curative effect.

水煎服,每日1剂,煎服3次。

Water decoction, 1 dose a day, 3 times.

或制成水丸,每次9克,每日服3次。

Or made into water pills, 9 g each time, 3 times a day.

一般2-3个月为一个疗程,重者需2-3个疗程。

Generally, 2-3 months is a course of treatment, and 2-3 courses are required for severe cases.

肝郁重者加青皮、香附,腹胀重者加厚朴,便秘者加生大黄,以瘀为主者加丹参、桃仁。

For those with severe liver depression, green skin and Cyperus rotundus were added; for those with severe abdominal distension, rhubarb was added; for those with blood stasis, Salvia miltiorrhiza and peach kernel were added.

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