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饮食养生:胆管阻塞手术要多久

致病菌几乎都来自肠道,经乏特壶腹或经胆肠吻合口的通道逆行进入胆道。

Almost all of the pathogenic bacteria come from the intestine, and retrograde into the biliary tract through the ampulla of Vater or through the channel of choledochojejunostomy.

细菌亦可通过血行或淋巴通道进入胆道。

Bacteria can also enter the biliary tract through blood or lymphatic channels.

2.2、在原有结石等阻塞性疾病的基础上发生胆管感染:胆管粘膜充血水种,加重胆管的梗阻,胆汁逐渐变成脓性,胆管内的压力不断增高,梗阻近侧的胆管逐渐扩大。

2.2. Bile duct infection occurs on the basis of the original stone and other obstructive diseases: the bile duct mucosa is congested with water, which aggravates the obstruction of the bile duct, the bile becomes purulent gradually, the pressure in the bile duct increases continuously, and the bile duct near the obstruction expands gradually.

即我们常说的b超检查,具有简便、快捷、准确、花费少等特点,可发现:肝内外胆管扩张;显示胆道的梗阻部位;梗阻的性质。

That is, we often say that B-ultrasound examination, with simple, fast, accurate, low cost and other characteristics, can be found: extrahepatic bile duct dilatation; show the location of biliary obstruction; the nature of obstruction.

mrcp检查,是一种无创伤性的胆道显像技术。

MRCP is a noninvasive technique of biliary tract imaging.

早期肝可轻度肿大,数个月后即可发展为严重胆汁性肝硬化,肝脏明显肿大,质地变硬,表现为褐绿色,呈细颗粒状或结节状。

In the early stage, the liver may be slightly enlarged, and after a few months, it can develop into severe biliary cirrhosis. The liver is obviously enlarged, and its texture becomes hard. It is brown green and appears fine granular or nodular.

与此相反,新生儿肝炎的肝脏特征是小叶排列紊乱,同时有肝组织坏死,多核巨细胞和单核细胞浸润,胆管纤维增生较少。

On the contrary, the liver of neonatal hepatitis is characterized by disordered lobular arrangement, necrosis of liver tissue, infiltration of multinuclear giant cells and monocytes, and less hyperplasia of bile duct fibers.

胆囊可未发育萎陷,或内含“白胆汁”。

Gallbladder may not develop collapse, or contain "white bile".

2、动物骨头:动物骨头里都是钙,但是不溶于水,难以吸收,因此在制作成食物时可以事先敲碎它,加醋后用文火慢煮。

2. Animal bones: animal bones are calcium, but insoluble in water, difficult to absorb, so when making food, you can break it in advance, add vinegar and simmer slowly.

吃时去掉浮油,放些青菜即可做成一道美味鲜汤。

When eating, remove the oil slick and put some vegetables to make a delicious soup.

3、豆制品:大豆是高蛋白食物,含钙量也很高。

3. Soybean products: soybean is a high protein food with high calcium content.

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