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饮食养生:黄疸对婴儿有什么影响

生理性黄疸新生儿一般情况好,无贫血,肝脾不肿大,肝功能正常,不发生核黄疸。

Physiological jaundice newborn general condition is good, no anemia, liver and spleen is not swollen, liver function is normal, do not occur nuclear jaundice.

病理性黄疸常在出生后24h内出现,持续时间在2周以上,早产儿在3周以上;黄疸在出生后消失复现并进行性加重。

Pathological jaundice often appears within 24 hours after birth, lasting for more than 2 weeks, premature infants more than 3 weeks; jaundice disappeared and reappeared after birth and gradually aggravated.

重症的黄疸可以合并核黄疸。

Severe jaundice can be combined with nuclear jaundice.

除此以外,由于发生原因不同,常有引起黄疸的原发病的伴随症状。

In addition, due to different causes, there are often associated symptoms of primary jaundice.

2、黄疸的病因这是由于红细胞大量破坏(溶血)后,非结合胆红素形成增多,大量的非结合胆红素运输至肝脏,必然使肝脏(肝细胞)的负担增加,当超过肝脏对非结合胆红素的摄取与结合能力时,则引起血液中非结合胆红素浓度增高。

2. The cause of jaundice is that after a large number of destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis), the formation of unconjugated bilirubin increases, and a large amount of unconjugated bilirubin is transported to the liver, which will inevitably increase the burden on the liver (hepatocytes). When the absorption and binding capacity of the liver for unconjugated bilirubin is exceeded, the concentration of unconjugated bilirubin in blood will increase.

除上述检查外,还应进行一些有关溶血性疾病的辅助检查,如红细胞脆性试验、酸溶血试验、自身溶血试验、抗人球蛋白试验、血常规、尿隐血、血清游离血红蛋白、尿含铁血黄素、血清乳酸脱氢酶、葡萄糖-6-磷酸脱氢酶等。

In addition to the above examination, some auxiliary examinations related to hemolytic diseases should be carried out, such as erythrocyte fragility test, acid hemolysis test, autohemolysis test, anti human globulin test, blood routine test, urine occult blood, serum free hemoglobin, urinary hemosiderin, serum lactate dehydrogenase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, etc.

婴儿出生后就密切观察其巩膜黄疸情况,发现黄疸应尽早治疗,并观察黄疸色泽变化以了解黄疸的进退。

The scleral jaundice of infants should be observed closely after birth, and the jaundice should be treated as soon as possible, and the color change of jaundice should be observed to understand the advance and retreat of jaundice.

妇女如曾生过有胎黄的婴儿,再妊娠时应作预防,按时服用中药。

If a woman has ever given birth to a baby with yellow fetus, she should take preventive measures and take traditional Chinese medicine on time.

饮食养生:黄疸对婴儿有什么影响

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