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饮食养生:黄疸过高有什么症状

3、黄疸怎么检查间接胆红素升高为主的黄疸主要见于各类溶血性疾病、新生儿黄疸等疾病。

3. Jaundice how to check indirect bilirubin elevated jaundice is mainly seen in various hemolytic diseases, neonatal jaundice and other diseases.

直接胆红素与总胆红素比值小于35%。

The ratio of direct bilirubin to total bilirubin was less than 35%.

除上述检查外,还应进行一些有关溶血性疾病的辅助检查,如红细胞脆性试验、酸溶血试验、自身溶血试验、抗人球蛋白试验、血常规、尿隐血、血清游离血红蛋白、尿含铁血黄素、血清乳酸脱氢酶、葡萄糖-6-磷酸脱氢酶等。

In addition to the above examination, some auxiliary examinations related to hemolytic diseases should be carried out, such as erythrocyte fragility test, acid hemolysis test, autohemolysis test, anti human globulin test, blood routine test, urine occult blood, serum free hemoglobin, urinary hemosiderin, serum lactate dehydrogenase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, etc.

直接胆红素升高为主的黄疸见于各类肝内、肝外阻塞使胆汁排泄不畅,直接胆红素与总比值大于55%者。

Jaundice with elevated direct bilirubin was found in all kinds of intrahepatic and extrahepatic obstruction, and the ratio of direct bilirubin to total bilirubin was more than 55%.

肝细胞损伤混合性黄疸见于各类肝病,表现为直接胆红素、间接胆红素均升高,直接胆红素与总胆红素比值为35%~55%,检查肝功能可获得异常结果。

Mixed jaundice caused by hepatocyte injury was found in all kinds of liver diseases. The direct bilirubin and indirect bilirubin increased. The ratio of direct bilirubin to total bilirubin was 35% - 55%. Abnormal results could be obtained by examining liver function.

黄疸过高怎么治疗生理性黄疸一般不需要接受专门治疗,发病一周左右之后发黄现象就能自行消失,家长也可给宝宝喂食葡萄糖水以加快黄疸消退。

Jaundice is too high how to treat physiological jaundice generally do not need to receive special treatment, onset of about a week after the Yellow phenomenon can disappear, parents can also give the baby glucose water to accelerate jaundice regression.

但当出现病理性黄疸时,就必须接受治疗,不然会留下后遗症甚至危及生命。

But when pathological jaundice occurs, it must be treated, otherwise it will leave sequelae and even endanger life.

光照疗法:该疗法是治疗黄疸最简单有效的方法。

Phototherapy: the treatment is the most simple and effective way to treat jaundice.

然后用单面光和双面光照射,持续照射2-48小时,但一般不超过4天,直至胆红素降低到7毫克/分升以下就可以停止治疗。

After that, the treatment can be stopped when the bilirubin is reduced to less than 7 mg/dl.

换血疗法:换血是治疗胆红素过高最快速且有效的方法,但换血对医疗技术要求较高,并且不是每一个黄疸患者都适合换血疗法,而且这种疗法也有可能产生一些不良反应,所以这种疗法主要用于重症的病理性黄疸患者。

Exchange transfusion: exchange transfusion is the most rapid and effective method to treat hyperbilirubinemia, but exchange transfusion has higher requirements on medical technology, and not every patient with jaundice is suitable for exchange transfusion therapy, and this therapy may also produce some adverse reactions, so this treatment is mainly used in patients with severe pathological jaundice.

药物疗法:苯巴比妥和地塞米松可以治疗病理性黄疸,但一定要在医生的医嘱下服用。

But under the doctor's orders, the treatment of jaundice and dexamethasone must be taken.

黄疸正常值黄疸指数是否正常,是诊断是否患有黄疸的主要指标,它的正常值是以血清胆红素为参考指标的。

The normal value of jaundice is whether the jaundice index is normal or not, which is the main index for the diagnosis of jaundice.

对于新生宝宝来说,足月儿的血清胆红素正常值为不超过204μmol/l(12.9mg/dl),早产儿的血清胆红素不超过255μmol/l(15mg/dl)就为正常。

For newborn infants, the normal value of serum bilirubin in term infants is no more than 204 μ mol/L (12.9 mg/dl), and that of premature infants is not more than 255 μ mol/L (15 mg/dl).

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