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饮食养生:肝脏胆汁分泌时间

文章目录一、肝脏胆汁分泌时间1. 肝脏胆汁分泌的时间2. 什么是胆汁3. 肝脏胆汁的分泌过程是怎样的二、肝脏胆汁有成份是什么三、肝脏分泌胆汁有什么作用肝脏胆汁分泌时间1、肝脏胆汁分泌的时间胆汁平时一直在慢慢分泌的,贮存在胆囊中,进食后则排出的,当然,进食后分泌也明显增加的,平时分泌的少的。

Contents 1. The time of liver bile secretion 1. The time of liver bile secretion 2. What is bile 3. What is the process of liver bile secretion 2. What are the components of liver bile 3. What is the function of liver bile secretion? 1. The time of liver bile secretion 1. Bile secretion time of liver is usually slowly secreted, stored in the gallbladder and excreted after eating. Of course, After eating, the secretion is also significantly increased, usually less secretion.

肝脏会以身体所不需要的物质为原料生成胆汁。

The liver produces bile from substances that the body does not need.

胆汁是有助于吸收脂质和脂溶性维生素的消化液。

Bile is the digestive fluid that helps to absorb lipids and fat soluble vitamins.

胆汁是在胆道中流动的一种特殊的体液,由肝脏分泌产生,不由胃产生,储存在胆囊内。

Bile is a special body fluid flowing in the bile duct, which is secreted by the liver, not produced by the stomach, and stored in the gallbladder.

胆汁的生成过程非常复杂,肝脏产生的胆汁称为肝胆汁。

The process of bile production is very complex. The bile produced by the liver is called hepatobiliary juice.

肝脏不断地生成胆汁,每天的生成量约为100~200ml,随着人们的活动、饮食的质和量、以及饮水量的不同而变化,进餐时肝脏产生的胆汁比平时多得多。

The liver continuously produces bile, with a daily output of about 100-200ml. It varies with people's activities, the quality and quantity of diet, and the amount of drinking water. The liver produces much more bile during meals than usual.

胆汁中的成分可分为两类:一是水,无机盐等可以自由通过肝细胞膜。

The components of bile can be divided into two categories: water, inorganic salts and so on can freely pass through the liver cell membrane.

它们在胆汁中的浓度与血浆相接近;另一类是大分子物质,如胆红素、胆酸、胆固醇、蛋白质、卵磷脂、脂肪酸等本来不是水溶性的物质,需要在肝细胞内经过一个结合过程,成为水溶性后才能通过肝细胞的胞膜排入毛细胆管。

The concentration of them in bile is close to that in plasma; the other is macromolecular substances, such as bilirubin, cholic acid, cholesterol, protein, lecithin, fatty acid, etc., which are not water-soluble, need to go through a binding process in the liver cells to become water-soluble before they can be discharged into the capillary bile duct through the cell membrane of liver cells.

无论何病因引起胆道梗阻,超出这一压力胆汁分泌量会随压力的升高而逐渐减少。

No matter what causes biliary obstruction, the amount of bile secretion will decrease with the increase of pressure.

当压力达到300mmh2o时胆汁分泌就停止。

When the pressure reached 300 mmh2o, bile secretion stopped.

胆红素通过肝细胞后又回到血液循环中,患者就出现皮肤巩膜、黄染等现象。

Bilirubin through the liver cells and back to the blood circulation, patients with skin sclera, yellow staining and other phenomena.

3.2、未进食时左、右肝管到肝管到胆囊管再到胆囊储存及浓度。

3.2. Store and concentration from left and right hepatic duct to hepatic duct to cystic duct and then to gallbladder when not eating.

3.5、非消化期的胆汁排放肝产生的胆汁进入胆小管、小叶间胆管、肝左管(或右管)、肝总管、胆囊管入胆囊,暂时贮存在胆囊内。

3.5. The bile from the non digestive period is discharged into the bile duct, interlobular bile duct, left hepatic duct (or right duct), common hepatic duct and cystic duct into the gallbladder and temporarily stored in the gallbladder.

胆盐的作用是:增强胰脂肪酶的活性;能将脂肪乳化成微滴,增大脂肪与酶的接触面积,有利于脂肪酶的消化作用。

Bile salt can enhance the activity of pancreatic lipase, emulsify fat into droplets, increase the contact area between fat and enzyme, and facilitate the digestion of lipase.

胆色素不参与消化过程,随粪和尿排出体外。

Bile pigment does not participate in the process of digestion and is excreted with feces and urine.

如胆固醇分泌过多,或胆盐含量减少,可导致胆固醇沉积,这是形成胆结石的一种原因。

If the secretion of cholesterol is too much, or the content of bile salt is reduced, it can lead to cholesterol deposition, which is one of the reasons for the formation of gallstones.

肝脏分泌胆汁有什么作用胆汁中的酸吸收脂肪和维生素。

What effect does liver secrete bile have? The acid in bile absorbs fat and vitamin.

没有脂肪和维生素,任何人体细胞都无法正常工作。

Without fat and vitamins, no human cell can function properly.

胆盐便成了不溶于水的脂肪水解产物到达肠粘膜表面所必需的运载工具,对于脂肪消化产物的吸收具有重要意义。

Bile salt is the necessary vehicle for the water-insoluble fat hydrolysate to reach the surface of intestinal mucosa, which is of great significance for the absorption of fat digestion products.

3胆汁通过促进脂肪分解产物的吸收,对脂溶性维生素(维生素a、d、e、k)的吸收也有促进作用。

Bile can also promote the absorption of fat soluble vitamins (vitamin A, D, e, K) by promoting the absorption of fat decomposition products.

胆汁有促进胃肠道吸收铁和钙的作用,防止发生胆汁缺乏性贫血;胆汁是最有效的利胆剂,胆汁进入肠道后,胆盐被吸收,经血液带到肝脏,吸收的胆盐能刺激肝细胞制造新的胆盐,促进胆汁的分泌。

Bile can promote the absorption of iron and calcium in the gastrointestinal tract and prevent the occurrence of bile deficiency anemia. Bile is the most effective cholagogic agent. After bile enters the intestinal tract, bile salt is absorbed and carried to the liver through the blood. The absorbed bile salt can stimulate liver cells to produce new bile salts and promote the secretion of bile.

胆汁ph为7.4,是弱碱性的分泌物,有中和胃酸的作用, 避免胃酸对胃肠粘膜的过度刺激,防止胃、十二指肠溃疡的发生。

The pH of bile is 7.4, which is a weak alkaline secretion. It can neutralize gastric acid, avoid the excessive stimulation of gastric acid on gastrointestinal mucosa and prevent the occurrence of gastric and duodenal ulcer.

另外胆汁能激活胰蛋白元酶,转化成胰蛋白酶,促进蛋白质的消化与吸收。

In addition, bile can activate trypsin, which can be converted into trypsin and promote the digestion and absorption of protein.

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