In the combination of antibacterial agents, we should pay attention to the appropriate coordination. We can combine the germicides in the breeding period (such as penicillin and cephalosporins) with the fungicides in the stationary phase (such as aminoglycosides and quinolones), which have synergistic effect; we can also use the static bactericides and rapid antibacterial agents (such as lincomycin, erythromycin) to have cumulative effect; but we can not combine the germicides and rapid antibacterial agents in the breeding period.
It is better to give the medicine by intravenous drip.
2. What is biliary tract infection? Biliary tract infection is common clinically. It is divided into cholecystitis and cholangitis according to the location of the disease.
There is a causal relationship between biliary tract infection and cholelithiasis.
The recurrence of biliary tract infection is an important pathogenic factor and promoter of gallstone formation.
Bacterial infection: mostly secondary infection, pathogenic bacteria can enter gallbladder retrogradely through biliary tract, or enter gallbladder through blood circulation or lymphatic pathway.
The main pathogenic bacteria were gram-negative bacilli, of which Escherichia coli was the most common, and the others were Enterococcus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
However, it is also found that many patients with biliary stents are prone to biliary tract infection, which seriously affects the quality of life.
Hu Bing's research team found that enterobiliary reflux is one of the main causes of cholangitis, that is, after malignant biliary obstruction is treated with stent, food and bacteria in the intestine will reverse into the biliary tract, causing retrograde infection. However, there is no biliary stent with anti reflux function in the world before.
They selected 112 patients with biliary tract tumor to conduct a prospective randomized controlled study, and compared the efficacy indicators of anti reflux stent and ordinary stent. They found that the incidence of cholangitis decreased from 38.2% to 19.2% within 1 year after stent implantation, and the incidence frequency decreased significantly; the median patency period of stent was extended from 10 months to 13 months.
The infection rate of clean surgery is & lt; 2%, and it is generally believed that prophylactic antibiotics are not required for clean surgery.
Surgery with artificial materials, such as artificial joint replacement and heart valve replacement .
To prevent incision infection, antibiotics against Staphylococcus aureus should be selected; to prevent surgical site or systemic infection, it should be selected according to the contamination of surgical field or possible contamination bacteria.
非肿瘤性约占plg的80%以上,其中以胆固醇性息 肉最常见,其次为炎性息肉、腺瘤样息肉和腺肌增生等。Non neoplastic polyps accounted for more than 80% of PLG. Cholesterol
文章目录一、胆红素增高是怎么回事1. 胆红素增高是怎么回事2. 胆红素增高有什么危害3. 胆红素高怎么办二、胆红素增高吃什么好三、胆红素增高要注意什么胆红素增高是怎么回
凡能引起溶血的疾病均可产生溶血性黄疸,包括先天性溶血性贫血和后天性获得性溶血性贫血。Any disease that can cause hemolysis can produce hemolytic jaundice, includin
经这种光线照射后,胆红素被光氧化变成无色物质,从尿和胆汁排出体外。After being irradiated by this light, bilirubin is oxidized to colorless substance and excreted
炎症性息肉:此种类型的息肉是在慢性胆囊炎或胆结石的基础上形成的、其直径大小多为1厘米以下。Inflammatory polyp: this type of polyp is formed on the basis of chronic
2、会减少人的寿命,尤其是男性的寿命同时和血管有关的中风几率会随着增加。2. It reduces life expectancy, especially for men, and increases the risk of stroke associ
所以,术后1～2天,应严格禁食,宜用静脉滴注补充各种营养。Therefore, 1-2 days after operation, should be strictly fasting, intravenous drip should be used to supplemen