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饮食养生:胆固醇高的危害

2、会减少人的寿命,尤其是男性的寿命同时和血管有关的中风几率会随着增加。

2. It reduces life expectancy, especially for men, and increases the risk of stroke associated with blood vessels.

4、会使骨质疏松症的可能性变高,同时过多摄入胆固醇可导致牙周病、牙和牙隙之间的沟隙会扩大。

4. At the same time, excessive intake of cholesterol can lead to periodontal disease, and the gap between teeth and teeth will be enlarged.

由此可见,胆固醇高的患者要及时到医院进行治疗,以免延误病情,导致病情恶化。

It can be seen that the patient's condition should be treated in time to avoid the deterioration of the patient's condition.

胆固醇的作用1、形成胆酸:胆汁产于肝脏而储存于胆囊内,经释放进入小肠与被消化的脂肪混合。

Cholesterol role 1, the formation of bile acid: bile is produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder, released into the small intestine and mixed with the digested fat.

胆汁的功能是将大颗粒的脂肪变成小颗粒,使其易于与小肠中的酶作用。

The function of bile is to change large fat particles into small ones, making it easy to interact with enzymes in the small intestine.

肝脏需产生新的胆酸来弥补这5%~15%的损失,此时就需要胆固醇。

The liver needs to produce new cholic acid to make up for this 5% - 15% loss, which requires cholesterol.

2、构成细胞膜:胆固醇是构成细胞膜的重要组成成分,细胞膜包围在人体每一细胞外,胆固醇为它的基本组成成分,占质膜脂类的20%以上。

2. Composition of cell membrane: cholesterol is an important component of cell membrane. Cell membrane is surrounded by every cell of human body. Cholesterol is its basic component, accounting for more than 20% of plasma membrane lipids.

有人曾发现给动物喂食缺乏胆固醇的食物,结果这些动物的红细胞脆性增加,容易引起细胞的破裂。

It has been found that feeding animals with cholesterol deficient food results in increased fragility of red blood cells and easy to cause cell rupture.

因此,可以想象要是没有胆固醇,细胞就无法维持正常的生理功能,生命也将终止。

Therefore, it can be imagined that without cholesterol, cells would not be able to maintain normal physiological functions and life would be terminated.

`4、胆固醇在体内有着广泛的生理作用,但当其过量时便会导致高胆固醇血症,对机体产生不利的影响。

`4. Cholesterol has a wide range of physiological functions in the body, but when it is excessive, it will lead to hypercholesterolemia, which has adverse effects on the body.

如果是单纯的胆固醇高则饮食调节是最好的办法,如果还伴有高血压则最好在监测血压的情况下只要经医生确定为高血压,则需要使用降压药物。

If it is simply high cholesterol, diet regulation is the best way, if there is also hypertension, it is best to monitor blood pressure, as long as the doctor determines that hypertension, you need to use antihypertensive drugs.

高胆固醇血症是导致动脉粥样硬化的一个很重要的原因,所以请引起注意。

Hypercholesterolemia is a very important cause of atherosclerosis, so please pay attention.

如何降低胆固醇1、少吃或不吃动物内脏、蛋黄等胆固醇含量极高的食物,控制饮食中的胆固醇摄入(每天少于300毫克)。

How to reduce cholesterol 1, eat less or do not eat animal viscera, egg yolk and other high cholesterol food, control dietary cholesterol intake (less than 300 mg per day).

血液中的胆固醇主要(70%)是肝脏合成的,只有少部分(30%)来源于食物,所以仅仅依靠减少胆固醇摄入并不能从根本上治疗高胆固醇,但是控制食物中胆固醇摄入量对降低胆固醇仍然是有帮助的。

The main cholesterol in blood (70%) is synthesized by the liver, and only a small part (30%) comes from food. Therefore, reducing cholesterol intake alone can not fundamentally cure high cholesterol, but it is still helpful to control the intake of cholesterol in food.

饱和脂肪广泛存在于肉、蛋、奶类食物中,尤其以肥肉、荤油和内脏的饱和脂肪含量为最多。

Saturated fat widely exists in meat, eggs and milk, especially in fat meat, meat oil and viscera.

3、多吃蔬菜水果和菌藻类食物,如魔芋、木耳、海带、裙带菜、洋葱、南瓜、地瓜等,这些食物含有丰富的膳食纤维有助于胆固醇的排泄。

3. Eat more vegetables, fruits, fungi and algae food, such as konjac, agaric, kelp, Undaria pinnatifida, onion, pumpkin, sweet potato, etc. These foods contain rich dietary fiber and help to excrete cholesterol.

膳食纤维的作用就是吸附更多的胆酸代谢产物,使之排出而不是重新回收利用。

The function of dietary fiber is to absorb more bile acid metabolites, so that it can be discharged rather than recycled.

4、橄榄油、茶油、玉米油和菜子油中含有的单不饱和脂肪酸具有降低低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(ldl-c)的作用。

4. Low density of fatty acids (ldc-l) in olive oil and rapeseed oil.

5、鱼油和卵磷脂具有降低血脂的作用,不过其作用主要是针对甘油三脂升高,降胆固醇的作用较小(当然,仍然是有用的)。

5. Fish oil and lecithin have the effect of lowering blood lipid, but their effect is mainly aimed at the increase of triglyceride, and the effect of lowering cholesterol is less (of course, it is still useful).

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