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饮食养生:胆囊肿大的症状

2、什么是胆囊增大胆囊增大可能会是胆囊炎引起的,患急性胆囊炎的病人用胆囊超声检查常会发现胆囊增大,壁增厚,胆囊内结石。

2. What is gallbladder enlargement, gallbladder enlargement may be caused by cholecystitis, patients with acute cholecystitis with gallbladder ultrasound examination often found gallbladder enlargement, wall thickening, gallbladder stones.

3、胆囊肿大是什么原因3.1、胆汁滞留 一般认为急性胆囊炎患者90%以上有结石嵌顿于胆囊颈或胆囊管,导致胆汁滞留;有作者认为,即使手术或尸检时胆囊内无结石发现,也不能证明在病变早期无结石存在,而可能结石已被排至胆总管。

3. What is the cause of gallbladder enlargement? 3.1. Bile retention is generally considered that more than 90% of patients with acute cholecystitis have stones embedded in the gallbladder neck or cystic duct, resulting in bile retention; some authors believe that even if there is no stone found in the gallbladder during operation or autopsy, it can not be proved that there is no calculus in the early stage of the disease, and the stones may have been discharged to the common bile duct.

约50%急性胆囊炎病人胆汁细菌培养阳性。

About 50% of patients with acute cholecystitis were positive for bacterial culture.

3.3、其他原因 临床上有少数病例既无胆汁滞留亦无细菌感染而为其他的原因。

3.3. Other causes: there are a few cases with no bile retention or bacterial infection, which are other causes.

创伤包括外科手术、灼伤等可导致急性胆囊炎。

Trauma, including surgery and burns, can lead to acute cholecystitis.

此外,当胰、胆管共通管梗阻时,反流胰液中的胰蛋白酶被胆汁激活,与胆汁酸结合,也可激活磷酸脂酶,使卵磷脂转为溶血卵磷脂,这两者作用于胆囊壁,产生损害。

In addition, when the common duct of pancreas and bile duct is obstructed, trypsin in the reflux pancreatic juice is activated by bile and combined with bile acid, which can also activate phospholipase and convert lecithin into lysophosphatidylcholine, which act on the gallbladder wall and cause damage.

此法包括解痉镇痛,抗生素的应用,纠正水电解质和酸碱平衡失调,以及全身的支持疗法。

This method includes spasmolysis and analgesia, application of antibiotics, correction of water electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, and systemic supportive therapy.

特别是老年人和糖尿病患者,病情变化较快,更应注意。

Especially the elderly and diabetic patients, the disease changes quickly, more attention should be paid.

2、胆囊增大的手术方法手术方法有两种,一种为胆囊切除术,另一种手术为胆囊造口术,主要应用于一些老年病人,一般情况较差或伴有严重的心肺疾病,估计不能耐受胆囊切除手术者建议使用非手术疗法。

2. There are two surgical methods for gallbladder enlargement. One is cholecystectomy and the other is cholecystostomy. It is mainly used in some elderly patients with poor general condition or severe cardiopulmonary disease. It is estimated that non-surgical therapy is recommended for those who can not tolerate cholecystectomy.

胆囊肿大要注意什么1、少吃含脂肪量高的食物,如肥肉、油炸食物,尽量用植物油代替动物油。

Gallbladder enlargement should pay attention to what 1, eat less high fat food, such as fat, fried food, try to use vegetable oil instead of animal oil.

4、增加摄入鱼、瘦肉、豆制品、新鲜蔬菜、水果等富含优质蛋白和碳水化合物的食品。

4. Increase intake of fish, lean meat, bean products, fresh vegetables, fruits and other foods rich in high-quality protein and carbohydrate.

5、宜多吃西红柿、玉米、胡萝卜等富含维生素a的食物。

5. Should eat tomatoes, corn, carrots and other foods rich in vitamin A.

饮食养生:胆囊肿大的症状

2、什么是胆囊增大胆囊增大可能会是胆囊炎引起的,患急性胆囊炎的病人用胆囊超声检查常会发现胆囊增大,壁增厚,胆囊内结石。2. What is gallbladder enlargement, gallbladde

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