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饮食养生:黄疸的尿是什么颜色的

专家建议:发现尿黄的时候,并不能确定就是黄疸,要及时到医院去做肝功化验、彩超,以及可能引起黄疸的各种原因的检测,以便明确病情,对症治疗。

Expert advice: when found urine yellow, and can not be sure is jaundice, to the hospital in time to do liver test, color Doppler ultrasound, and may cause jaundice of various causes of detection, in order to clear the disease, symptomatic treatment.

成年人和新生儿都有可能患上黄疸,但新生儿出现该症状较为常见,且危险性更高。

Both adults and newborns may suffer from jaundice, but neonatal jaundice is more common and more dangerous.

新生儿黄疸分为生理性黄疸和病理性黄疸,当宝宝出现黄疸时,家长不能掉以轻心,要密切观察宝宝的状况,尤其是出现病理性黄疸时,要将宝宝及时送到医院治疗,以免病情加重,危及生命。

Neonatal jaundice is divided into physiological jaundice and pathological jaundice. When the baby appears jaundice, parents should not take it lightly. They should closely observe the baby's condition. Especially when pathological jaundice occurs, the baby should be sent to the hospital in time for treatment, so as not to aggravate the disease and endanger life.

肝脓肿、败血症、钩端螺旋体病均有中等度发热,甚至高热;急性病毒性肝炎或急性溶血时常先有发热,而后才出现黄疸。

Liver abscess, sepsis, leptospirosis all have moderate fever, even high fever; acute viral hepatitis or acute hemolysis often have fever first, then jaundice.

病毒性肝炎者多表现为右上腹持续性胀痛与钝痛;肝脓肿或肝癌也可表现为上腹部或右上腹的隐痛或胀痛。

Viral hepatitis is characterized by persistent distending pain and dull pain in the right upper abdomen; liver abscess or liver cancer can also show dull pain or distending pain in the upper abdomen or right upper abdomen.

部分肝细胞性黄疸者也可伴有皮肤瘙痒,而溶血性黄疸常无皮肤瘙痒。

Some patients with hepatocellular jaundice may also have skin itching, but hemolytic jaundice often has no skin itching.

间接胆红素升高为主的黄疸主要见于各类溶血性疾病、新生儿黄疸等疾病。

Jaundice with indirect bilirubin elevation is mainly seen in various hemolytic diseases, neonatal jaundice and other diseases.

直接胆红素与总胆红素比值小于35%。

The ratio of direct bilirubin to total bilirubin was less than 35%.

除上述检查外,还应进行一些有关溶血性疾病的辅助检查,如红细胞脆性试验、酸溶血试验、自身溶血试验、抗人球蛋白试验、血常规、尿隐血、血清游离血红蛋白、尿含铁血黄素、血清乳酸脱氢酶、葡萄糖-6-磷酸脱氢酶等。

In addition to the above examination, some auxiliary examinations related to hemolytic diseases should be carried out, such as erythrocyte fragility test, acid hemolysis test, autohemolysis test, anti human globulin test, blood routine test, urine occult blood, serum free hemoglobin, urinary hemosiderin, serum lactate dehydrogenase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, etc.

2、其他检查血常规、尿常规。

2. Other examination blood routine, urine routine.

黄疸指数、血清胆红素定量试验。

Jaundice index, serum bilirubin quantitative test.

血胆固醇和胆固醇酯测定。

Blood cholesterol and cholesterol ester were measured.

免疫学检查。

Immunological examination.

x线检查。

X-ray examination.

放射性核素检查。

Radionuclide examination.

肝活组织检查。

Liver biopsy.

腹腔镜检查。

Laparoscopic examination.

然后用单面光和双面光照射,持续照射2-48小时,但一般不超过4天,直至胆红素降低到7毫克/分升以下就可以停止治疗。

After that, the treatment can be stopped when the bilirubin is reduced to less than 7 mg/dl.

换血疗法:换血是治疗胆红素过高最快速且有效的方法,但换血对医疗技术要求较高,并且不是每一个黄疸患者都适合换血疗法,而且这种疗法也有可能产生一些不良反应,所以这种疗法主要用于重症的病理性黄疸患者。

Exchange transfusion: exchange transfusion is the most rapid and effective method to treat hyperbilirubinemia, but exchange transfusion has higher requirements on medical technology, and not every patient with jaundice is suitable for exchange transfusion therapy, and this therapy may also produce some adverse reactions, so this treatment is mainly used in patients with severe pathological jaundice.

中药方面,以茵陈蒿汤为主。

In terms of traditional Chinese medicine, Yinchenhao Decoction is the main one.

饮食养生:黄疸的尿是什么颜色的

专家建议:发现尿黄的时候,并不能确定就是黄疸,要及时到医院去做肝功化验、彩超,以及可能引起黄疸的各种原因的检测,以便明确病情,对症治疗。Expert advice: when found urin

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