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饮食养生:胆囊癌的早期治疗

早期胆囊癌患者的预后不仅与治疗方式有关,同时与患者机体的整体状况及身体机能也有密切的关系。

The prognosis of patients with early gallbladder cancer is not only related to the treatment, but also closely related to the overall condition and physical function of patients.

因此,胆囊癌患者在积极治疗的同时还要加强饮食营养,多吃新鲜蔬菜、鸡蛋、清蒸鱼,忌食煎、炸、高脂肪食品,不宜食用红枣、桂圆、白木耳等易致腹胀的补品,必要的情况下也可以服用一些具有补脾益肾作用的中药,来提高机体的免疫功能。

Therefore, gallbladder cancer patients in active treatment at the same time, but also to strengthen diet nutrition, eat more fresh vegetables, eggs, steamed fish, avoid fried, fried, high-fat food, should not eat red dates, longan, white fungus and other easy to cause abdominal distension tonic, if necessary, can also take some of the spleen and kidney function of traditional Chinese medicine, to improve the immune function of the body.

黄疸黄疸是胆囊癌最典型的症状,几乎所有胆囊癌患者都会出现不同程度的黄疸,主要表现为巩膜、皮肤变黄。

Jaundice is the most typical symptom of gallbladder cancer. Almost all patients with gallbladder cancer will have jaundice of different degrees, mainly manifested as the yellowing of sclera and skin.

肿瘤压迫门静脉时还可引起门静脉高压。

Portal hypertension can also be caused by tumor compression of portal vein.

临床上把黄疸、右上腹肿块、右上腹疼痛称为“三联征”,当这三种症状同时出现时,几乎可以判断是胆囊癌。

In clinic, jaundice, right upper abdominal mass and right upper abdominal pain are called "triad syndrome". When these three symptoms appear at the same time, it can almost be judged that it is gallbladder cancer.

由于湿热遏阻中焦,清阳失权,致脾失健运。

Due to dampness and heat obstructing the middle Jiao, clearing Yang and losing power, the spleen loses its healthy movement.

治当开郁散结,清热化痰,健脾利湿。

It should be treated by clearing away heat and resolving phlegm, strengthening spleen and removing dampness.

全麻患者应该进行持续的氧气吸入,并且要保持去枕平卧位,头偏向一侧避免窒息。

Patients under general anesthesia should be given continuous oxygen inhalation, and keep supine position, head to one side to avoid asphyxia.

2、疼痛处理。

2. Pain management.

3、静脉补液。

3. Intravenous rehydration.

而且适当的经脉补液对手术后发生感染也有着一种抑制作用,所以补充足够量的液体是非常必要的。

In addition, proper fluid infusion of meridians can also inhibit postoperative infection, so it is necessary to replenish enough fluid.

患者手术后,应该严格观察手术部位有无发生改变,若发生渗血渗液等不适症状时,应该及时的请医生进行观察,以避免发生感染。

After surgery, patients should strictly observe whether there is any change in the surgical site, if there is any discomfort symptoms such as bleeding and exudation, the doctor should be asked to observe in time to avoid infection.

5、饮食护理。

5. Diet care.

当患者清醒后,应该根据医嘱,适当的给患者进行少量水的摄入,若没有不适症状发生,则可以进行清淡饮食,以高热量、高维生素以及高蛋白等有营养的食物为主。

When the patients wake up, they should take a small amount of water according to the doctor's advice. If there are no discomfort symptoms, they can have a light diet, mainly including high calorie, high vitamin and high protein nutritious food.

不仅能够增加身体的免疫力,还能够保证患者体质的尽快康复。

It can not only increase the body's immunity, but also ensure the patient's physical recovery as soon as possible.

胆囊癌晚期能活多久胆囊癌晚期能活多久主要取决于治疗方法是否得当以及病人的身体机能。

How long can advanced gallbladder cancer live? How long does advanced gallbladder cancer live mainly depends on the appropriate treatment and the patient's physical function.

只要选择合适的方法积极治疗,均可改善症状,延长生存期,晚期胆囊癌患者应该保持乐观心态,积极配合治疗。

Patients with advanced gallbladder cancer should keep optimistic attitude and actively cooperate with treatment.

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