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饮食养生:胆囊恶性肿瘤就是癌吗

2、胆囊恶性肿瘤发病率高吗在胆囊恶性肿瘤中胆囊癌占首位,其它尚有肉瘤、类癌、原发性恶性黑色素瘤、巨细胞腺癌等。

2. The incidence rate of gallbladder malignant tumor is high. Gallbladder cancer is the first place in gallbladder malignant tumor. Others include sarcomas, carcinoid, primary malignant melanoma, giant cell adenocarcinoma.

如印第安人胆囊癌患者的发病率为全美平均水平的6~8倍,而欧美等国报道胆囊癌占同期胆道手术比例为4.1%~5.6%左右。

For example, the incidence rate of gallbladder cancer in the Indian population is 6~8 times the average of the whole us, while in Europe and the United States, the proportion of gallbladder cancer in the same period is 4.1% to 5.6%.

胆囊癌患者的80-90%伴有胆结石,一般认为胆结石引起的慢性感染长期刺激胆囊上皮使之增生和癌变。

80-90% of patients with gallbladder cancer are accompanied with gallstones. It is generally believed that chronic infection caused by gallstones can stimulate gallbladder epithelium to proliferate and cancerate for a long time.

亦有报道慢性胆囊炎伴有胆囊壁钙化者其癌变率达12.5-61%。

It is also reported that the canceration rate of chronic cholecystitis with gallbladder wall calcification is 12.5-61%.

3.3、其它有人认为胆囊癌的病因与胆总管下段和主胰管汇合连接处存在畸形有关,该畸形导致胰液返流入胆囊而引起慢性刺激,使胆囊粘膜上皮变性、化生,最后发生癌变。

3.3. Others believe that the etiology of gallbladder cancer is related to the deformity at the junction of the lower common bile duct and the main pancreatic duct. This deformity leads to the return of pancreatic juice into the gallbladder and causes chronic stimulation, which results in the degeneration and metaplasia of gallbladder mucosa epithelium and finally carcinogenesis.

胆囊恶性肿瘤饮食注意事项1、宜多吃具有抗胆道、胆管癌作用的食物:鱼翅、鸡肫、荞麦、薏米、豆腐渣、猴头菇。

Gallbladder cancer diet precautions 1, should eat more with anti biliary, cholangiocarcinoma food: shark fin, chicken gizzard, buckwheat, job's tears, bean curd residue, Hericium erinaceus.

2、宜多吃具有抗感染、抗癌作用的食物:荞麦、绿豆、油菜、香椿、芋艿、葱白、苦瓜、百合、马兰头、地耳、鲤鱼、水蛇、虾、泥鳅、海蜇、黄颡鱼、针鱼。

2. Should eat more anti infection, anti-cancer food: buckwheat, mung bean, rape, Chinese toon, taro, scallion white, balsam pear, lily, malanthou, ground ear, carp, water snake, shrimp, loach, jellyfish, yellow catfish, needle fish.

3、宜食具有利胆通便作用的食物:羊蹄菜、牛蒡根、无花果、胡桃、芝麻、金针菜、海参。

3. Suitable food with cholagogic and cathartic effects: Zanthoxylum, burdock root, fig, walnut, sesame, broccoli, sea cucumber.

4、忌暴饮暴食、饮食过饱。

4. Avoid overeating and overeating.

5、忌烟、酒及辛辣刺激性食物。

5. Avoid smoking, alcohol and spicy food.

胆囊恶性肿瘤的治疗方法1、隐匿性手术治疗胆囊癌原则:由于是在手术治疗胆囊癌后确诊,所以面临的问题为是否需要再次行根治的手术治疗胆囊癌。

The treatment of gallbladder cancer 1, the principle of occult surgery treatment of gallbladder cancer: since the diagnosis is made after the surgical treatment of gallbladder cancer, the problem is whether or not radical surgery is needed to treat gallbladder cancer again.

根治术的范围主要包括胆囊切除、肝部分切除和淋巴结清扫。

The scope of radical operation mainly includes cholecystectomy, partial hepatectomy and lymph node dissection.

肝脏一般切除胆囊床周围3厘米左右。

The liver was generally resected about 3 cm around the gallbladder bed.

饮食养生:胆囊恶性肿瘤就是癌吗

2、胆囊恶性肿瘤发病率高吗在胆囊恶性肿瘤中胆囊癌占首位,其它尚有肉瘤、类癌、原发性恶性黑色素瘤、巨细胞腺癌等。2. The incidence rate of gallbladder malignant tumor

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