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饮食养生:成人黄疸的护理措施

1.2、保持患者大便通畅,如有便秘,因及时治疗,帮助减轻黄疸症状。

1.2. Keep the patient's stool unobstructed. In case of constipation, timely treatment can help relieve jaundice.

如病情加重,则需要调整治疗方案。

If the condition worsens, the treatment plan needs to be adjusted.

1.4、合理安排饮食,保证营养的摄取,适当进食粗纤维食品。

1.4. Reasonably arrange diet, ensure the intake of nutrition, and properly eat coarse fiber food.

2、成人黄疸指数高的原因专家指出,黄疸指数高即胆红素高,一般会出现三黄症状,脸黄、眼睛黄、尿液黄等,当出现这些症状的时候,一定要及时到医院检查乙肝两对半以及hbv-dna,如果是感染乙肝病毒引起的黄疸指数高,一定要及时进行乙肝治疗,只要体内病毒得以清除,那么,黄疸指数高的现象自然就会消失。

2. The cause of adult jaundice index is high. Experts point out that high jaundice index means high bilirubin. Generally, there will be three yellow symptoms, yellow face, yellow eyes, and yellow urine. When these symptoms appear, we must promptly go to the hospital to check two pairs and half of hepatitis B and HBV-DNA. If the jaundice index caused by hepatitis B virus is high, hepatitis B treatment must be carried out in time, as long as the virus in the body can be eliminated, Then, jaundice index high phenomenon will disappear naturally.

3.2、肝细胞性黄疸由于各种原因造成的肝细胞损伤,比如乙肝病毒、脂肪肝、肝毒性药物等等,造成肝功能损伤,使肝脏处理间接胆红素的能力下降,同时肝细胞水肿、渗漏,使血中直接、间接胆红素都升高,这种情况需要进一步检查明确病因,比如乙肝五项、肝胆彩超等。

3.2. Hepatocyte jaundice caused by various reasons, such as hepatitis B virus, fatty liver, hepatotoxic drugs and so on, causes liver function damage and reduces the ability of liver to process indirect bilirubin. At the same time, hepatocyte edema and leakage increase the direct and indirect bilirubin in the blood. This situation needs further examination to clarify the causes, such as hepatitis B virus, hepatobiliary color Doppler ultrasound, etc.

3.3、梗阻性黄疸由于肝内外胆管存在结石、炎症等原因造成胆汁排出不畅,淤积在肝内,造成胆红素直接吸收入血,随尿液排出,最主要的表现就是尿液呈浓茶色,而大便中由于没有胆红素排出,呈白陶土色。

3.3. Obstructive jaundice due to the presence of stones and inflammation in the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts, resulting in bile drainage is not smooth, silting up in the liver, resulting in bilirubin directly absorbed into the blood, discharged with the urine, the most important performance is that the urine is dark brown, and the stool is white clay color due to no bilirubin discharge.

2、忌吸烟烟中含有多种有毒物质,能损害肝功能,抑制肝细胞再生和修复,因此肝病患者必须戒烟。

2. Avoid smoking smoke contains a variety of toxic substances, can damage liver function, inhibit liver cell regeneration and repair, so liver disease patients must quit smoking.

这是由于罐装、瓶装的饮料、食品中往往加入防腐剂,对肝脏或多或少都有毒性。

This is because preservatives are often added to canned and bottled drinks and foods, which are more or less toxic to the liver.

成人黄疸的危害1、损害肝脏由于肝炎病毒侵犯肝脏,并在肝细胞内不断复制。

The harm of jaundice in adults is 1. Liver damage. Hepatitis virus invades the liver and replicates continuously in liver cells.

这样就影响了肝组织的正常状态和结构,损害了肝脏的胆红素代谢的各种功能。

This will affect the normal state and structure of liver tissue and damage the various functions of liver bilirubin metabolism.

前者可以沉着到脑神经核上,越积越多,影响神经的功能,能引起危害极大的核黄疸。

The former can sink to the brain nucleus, the more accumulation, affect the function of the nerve, can cause great harm to the nuclear jaundice.

3、易引起的并发症本病的转归与黄疸的性质、体质强弱、治疗护理等因素有关。

3. The prognosis of the disease is related to the nature of jaundice, physical strength, treatment and nursing.

阳黄、阴黄、急黄虽性质不同,轻重有别,但在一定条件下可互相转化。

Although Yang Huang, Yin Huang and acute Huang are different in nature and weight, they can be transformed into each other under certain conditions.

饮食养生:成人黄疸的护理措施

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