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饮食养生:胆囊沙结石怎么治

经过多年实践的检验,外科手术治疗仍是当今治疗症状性胆囊结石的首选方法。

After years of practice, surgical treatment is still the first choice for symptomatic gallstone.

假如变换体位或用药不能使结石离开梗阻部位,胆囊内就会产生很高的压力,胆囊壁的血液供应减少或停止,细菌就很容易进入并产生大量毒素,引起胆囊壁坏死,甚至穿孔;甚至可以破到腹腔引起腹膜炎。

If the change of body position or medication can not make the stone leave the obstruction site, the gallbladder will produce high pressure, the blood supply of gallbladder wall will be reduced or stopped, bacteria can easily enter and produce a large number of toxins, causing gallbladder wall necrosis, even perforation; and even can break to the abdominal cavity and cause peritonitis.

2、继发胆总管结石:有时小结石或胆泥可被胆囊排到胆总管,引起胆总管梗阻,产生黄疸,引起肝功能损害,甚至造成化脓性胆管炎。

2. Secondary choledocholithiasis: sometimes small stones or bile mud can be discharged to the common bile duct by the gallbladder, causing common bile duct obstruction, jaundice, liver function damage, and even suppurative cholangitis.

3、排入胆管的小结石或胆泥进一步排入十二指肠,有时会嵌顿在胆管和胰管的共同开口或损伤胆总管末端的括约肌,反复如此则造成胆总管末端狭窄、水肿,引起胰液排泄障碍或胆汁返流入胆管继发胆源性胰腺炎。

3. Small stones or mud discharged into the bile duct are further discharged into the duodenum, sometimes embedded in the common opening of the bile duct and pancreatic duct or damage the sphincter at the end of the common bile duct. If this happens repeatedly, the end of the common bile duct will be narrowed and edematous, resulting in pancreatic juice excretion disorder or bile flowing back into the bile duct, and then biliary pancreatitis will occur.

慢性胆囊炎患者在过食脂肪后,会出现隐痛,并有消化不良的表现,如嗳气、腹胀、厌食油腻等症。

Chronic cholecystitis patients in fat after overeating, will appear dull pain, and dyspepsia, such as belching, abdominal distension, anorexia and greasy.

2、辛辣刺激性食物:辛辣刺激性食物如酒、茶、咖啡、辣椒、芥末、胡椒、花椒等均可引起胃和十二指肠分泌物增多,使缩胆囊素增加,导致胆道、括约肌痉挛,胆汁排出受阻而诱发胆绞痛,所以应禁食上述食品。

2. Spicy food: spicy food such as wine, tea, coffee, pepper, mustard, pepper, pepper, etc. can cause the increase of gastric and duodenal secretions, increase cholecystokinin, lead to biliary tract, sphincter spasm, bile discharge obstruction and induce biliary colic, so the above food should be forbidden.

因此胆囊病患者应禁食过冷过热的食物。

Therefore, patients with gallbladder disease should be fasting supercooled and overheated food.

饮食养生:胆囊沙结石怎么治

经过多年实践的检验,外科手术治疗仍是当今治疗症状性胆囊结石的首选方法。After years of practice, surgical treatment is still the first choice for symptomatic galls

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