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饮食养生:新生儿有黄疸怎么回事

1.2.2、肝结合胆红素功能差:肝内葡萄糖醛酸转移酶含量低且活力不足,形成结合胆红素的功能差。

1.2.2. Poor function of liver conjugated bilirubin: the content of glucuronosyltransferase in the liver is low and the activity is insufficient, so the function of conjugated bilirubin is poor.

第4~6天最明显,足月儿在出生后10~14天消退,早产儿可持续到第3周。

It was most obvious on the 4th to 6th day, the full-term infants subsided in 10-14 days after birth, and the preterm infants continued to the third week.

一般来说,生理性黄疸黄疸比较轻,血中胆红素浓度较低,不会影响小儿智力。

Generally speaking, physiological jaundice is lighter, the concentration of bilirubin in blood is lower, will not affect the intelligence of children.

3、病理性黄疸的症状表现小儿黄疸可能发生在生后24小时以内,或持久不退,或消退后又出现黄疸,或黄疸进行性加重。

3. Symptoms of pathological jaundice in children may occur within 24 hours after birth, or persistent, or jaundice after subside, or jaundice progressive aggravation.

但换血需要一定的条件,亦可产生一些不良反应,故应严格掌握指征,一般用于光疗失败时。

However, exchange transfusion needs certain conditions and can also produce some adverse reactions. Therefore, the indications should be strictly controlled, which is generally used when phototherapy fails.

3、药物治疗应用药物减少胆红素的产生,加速胆红素的清除或抑制胆红素的肠肝循环,包括供应白蛋白,纠正代谢性酸中毒,肝酶诱导剂(如苯巴比妥),静脉使用免疫球蛋白。

3. Drug therapy uses drugs to reduce the production of bilirubin, accelerate the clearance of bilirubin or inhibit the intestinal and hepatic circulation of bilirubin, including albumin supply, correction of metabolic acidosis, liver enzyme inducers (such as phenobarbital), and intravenous immunoglobulin.

4、怀孕期间饮食要注意胎黄常因孕母遭受湿热侵袭而累及胎儿,致使胎儿出生后出现胎黄,故妊娠期间,孕母应注意饮食有节,不过食生冷,不过饥过饱,并忌酒和辛热之品,以防损伤脾胃。

4. During pregnancy, the diet should pay attention to fetal jaundice, which often affects the fetus due to the invasion of dampness and heat, resulting in fetal jaundice after birth. Therefore, during pregnancy, the pregnant mother should pay attention to diet sparingly, but eat raw and cold food, but hunger is too full, and avoid alcohol and hot goods, in order to prevent damage to the spleen and stomach.

5、留意婴儿黄疸情况婴儿出生后就密切观察其巩膜黄疸情况,发现黄疸应尽早治疗,并观察黄疸色泽变化以了解黄疸的进退。

5. Pay attention to the situation of jaundice in infants, closely observe the situation of sclera jaundice after birth, and find out that jaundice should be treated as soon as possible, and observe the color change of jaundice to understand the advance and retreat of jaundice.

饮食养生:新生儿有黄疸怎么回事

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