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饮食养生:新生儿怎么降黄疸

如果宝宝是喝配方奶粉的话,应在两餐之间要加喂水。

If the baby is drinking formula milk powder, should be in between the two meals to add water.

1.3、晒太阳每天早上10点左右,阳光不是很厉害的时候,可以给宝宝晒太阳,要尽量多的晒到孩子的皮肤,但要保护宝宝的眼睛,不要晒到。

1.3. Bask in the sun at about 10:00 a.m. every day. When the sun is not very strong, you can bask in the sun for your baby. Try to get as much sun as possible to the baby's skin, but you should protect the baby's eyes.

另外,还要注意给宝宝做好保暖工作,不要因晒太阳而吹风受凉了。

In addition, pay attention to keep warm for your baby, don't get cold because of the sun.

常见的病因有:红细胞增多症、血管外溶血、同族免疫性溶血、感染、肠肝循环增加、红细胞酶缺陷、红细胞形态异常、血红蛋白病。

The common causes are: polycythemia, extravascular hemolysis, homologous immune hemolysis, infection, increased intestinal and liver circulation, red blood cell enzyme deficiency, abnormal red blood cell morphology, hemoglobin disease.

3、新生儿黄疸检查3.1、胆红素检测:是新生儿黄疸诊断的重要指标,可采取静脉血或微量血方法测定血清胆红素浓度(tsb)。

3. Neonatal jaundice examination 3.1, bilirubin detection: is an important indicator of neonatal jaundice diagnosis, can take venous blood or micro blood method to determine serum bilirubin concentration (TSB).

经皮测胆红素仪为无创的检测方法,操作便捷,经皮胆红素值(tcb)与微量血胆红素值相关性良好,由于此法受测定部位皮肤厚薄与肤色的影响,可能会误导黄疸情况,可作为筛查用,一旦达到一定的界限值,需检测血清血胆红素。

The transcutaneous bilirubin analyzer is a noninvasive detection method, which is easy to operate. The correlation between TCB and micro blood bilirubin is good. Because of the influence of skin thickness and skin color, the method may mislead jaundice and can be used for screening. Once a certain threshold value is reached, serum bilirubin should be detected.

生理性黄疸产生的原因,是与小儿山生后体内胆红素的代谢有关。

Physiological jaundice is caused by the metabolism of bilirubin in children after birth.

有一种能够消除体内多余的胆红素的转移酶,要在小儿小生后3—5天才能成熟,所以此期间,新生儿体内会出现过多的胆红索而表现为黄疸。

There is a kind of transferase which can eliminate the excess bilirubin in the body. It can mature 3-5 days after the baby is born. Therefore, during this period, there will be too much bile red cord in the body of the newborn, which is manifested as jaundice.

如:新生儿溶血病,新生儿败血症、新生儿肝炎、先天性胆管闭锁。

Such as: neonatal hemolytic disease, neonatal sepsis, neonatal hepatitis, congenital biliary atresia.

若体内大量的胆红素侵犯到人的中枢神经细胞核,其发生的黄疸就比较严重,医学上称之为核黄疸。

If a large number of bilirubin in the body invades the nucleus of human central nervous system, the jaundice will be more serious, which is called nuclear jaundice in medicine.

4、如需进行换血疗法时,应及时做好病室空气消毒,备齐血及各种药品、物品,严格操作规程。

4. If exchange transfusion is needed, air disinfection should be done in time, blood and various drugs and articles should be prepared, and operation procedures should be strictly enforced.

6、注意观察胎黄婴儿的全身症候,有无精神萎靡、嗜睡、吮乳困难、惊惕不安、两目斜视、四肢强直或抽搐等症,以便对重症患儿及早发现及时处理。

6. Pay attention to observe the systemic symptoms of fetal jaundice infants, whether there are mental depression, drowsiness, sucking difficulties, restlessness, binocular strabismus, limb rigidity or convulsion, so as to find out and deal with the severe infants as soon as possible.

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