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饮食养生:总胆固醇高是怎么办

豆类是安全有效的降血脂及胆固醇的食物,但有肾功能损害者不宜食用。

Legume is a safe and effective food to reduce blood lipid and cholesterol, but it is not suitable for patients with renal function damage.

大蒜中的含硫化合物蒜氨酸可直接抑制肝脏中胆固醇的合成,而达到降胆固醇的功效。

Alliin, a sulfur-containing compound in garlic, can directly inhibit the synthesis of cholesterol in the liver and achieve the effect of lowering cholesterol.

能对心血管系统产生最佳的保护作用。

It has the best protective effect on cardiovascular system.

选择用冷压方式萃取出的橄榄油油质最佳。

The olive oil extracted by cold pressing method has the best quality.

6、一天喝3杯橘子汁。

6. Drink three glasses of orange juice a day.

高胆固醇的食物1、猪脑(其他动物脑也类似)中含胆固醇极多,堪称冠军,每100克猪脑含有胆固醇2571毫克(羊脑是2004,牛脑是2447)。

High cholesterol food 1. Pig brain (similar to other animal brains) contains a lot of cholesterol, which can be rated as the champion. Every 100 grams of pig brain contains 2571 mg of cholesterol (sheep's brain is 2004, and cattle's brain is 2447).

所幸吃猪脑并不常见。

Fortunately, eating pig brain is not common.

如果吃动物脑的话,以每年不超过一二次为宜。

If you eat animal brains, it should not be more than once or twice a year.

3、蛋黄鸡蛋(其他蛋类如鸭蛋、鹅蛋、鹌鹑蛋等亦同)中含有大量胆固醇,且主要集中在蛋黄中。

3. Yolk eggs (other eggs such as duck eggs, goose eggs, quail eggs, etc.) contain a lot of cholesterol, and mainly concentrated in the yolk.

胆固醇的分布1、胆固醇虽然存在于动物性食物之中,但是不同的动物以及动物的不同部位,胆固醇的含量很不一致。

Although cholesterol exists in animal food, the content of cholesterol in different animals and different parts of animals is very different.

3、会阻塞心脏动脉和使其变窄,更容易引发心脏病。

3. It can block and narrow the heart artery, which is more likely to cause heart disease.

4、会使骨质疏松症的可能性变高,同时过多摄入胆固醇可导致牙周病、牙和牙隙之间的沟隙会扩大。

4. At the same time, excessive intake of cholesterol can lead to periodontal disease, and the gap between teeth and teeth will be enlarged.

2、胆固醇高与遗传因素有一定关系,数据表明,每500个人就有1人遗传高胆固醇血症。

2. There is a certain relationship between high cholesterol and genetic factors. The data show that one person has inherited hypercholesterolemia in every 500 people.

3、日常生活中如果不注意饮食,是很容易造成胆固醇高的,比如,日常生活中爱吃油腻食物的人往往胆固醇比一般人高许多,因此这类人群一定要注意膳食习惯,多吃蔬菜水果,调整好对胆固醇的下降有非常重要的作用。

3. If you do not pay attention to diet in daily life, it is easy to cause high cholesterol. For example, people who like to eat greasy food in daily life tend to have much higher cholesterol than ordinary people. Therefore, this kind of people must pay attention to their dietary habits, eat more fruits and vegetables, and good adjustment plays a very important role in lowering cholesterol.

烹调用油应采用植物油,此外,也必须限制醣量,最好禁止食用纯糖类食品或饮料。

Vegetable oil should be used for cooking. In addition, the amount of sugar must be limited. It is better to prohibit eating pure sugar food or drink.

2、肉类方面,应该禁吃肥肉、猪皮、蹄膀、香肠,及各种有油的牛羊猪肉等。

2. In terms of meat, fat meat, pig skin, hooves, sausages and all kinds of oily beef, mutton and pork should be banned.

各种动物油脂、椰子油等应禁食,以人造黄油及植物油取代。

All kinds of animal fat and coconut oil should be fasted and replaced by margarine and vegetable oil.

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