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饮食养生:胆囊结石怎么办

轻者隐痛不适或者只有腹部饱胀。

Mild pain discomfort or only abdominal fullness.

当这些症状影响了你的生活、工作、休息时,这就需要去治疗了。

When these symptoms affect your life, work and rest, it needs to be treated.

虽然没有并发胆囊炎,但它可能出现更严重的并发症:胆管炎和胰腺炎。

Although there is no cholecystitis, it may have more serious complications: cholangitis and pancreatitis.

由于胆总管和胰管共同开口,此处有括约肌环绕,开放时胆汁可排出,而结石就难排出,以至引起胆管炎和胰腺炎。

Because the common bile duct and pancreatic duct open together, there is a sphincter around it. When opening, bile can be discharged, but stones are difficult to be discharged, resulting in cholangitis and pancreatitis.

3、充满型或多发结石,胆囊萎缩。

3. Filled or multiple stones, gallbladder atrophy.

虽然没有直接证据证明这种情况下容易恶变,但胆囊癌患者有较大比例是胆囊充满性结石及胆囊萎缩。

Although there is no direct evidence to prove that this condition is prone to malignant transformation, a large proportion of gallbladder cancer patients are filled with gallstones and gallbladder atrophy.

以上就是需要治疗的四种情况。

These are the four situations that need to be treated.

否则可以和平共处。

Otherwise, we can live in peace.

但这四种情况也是需要手术切除的情况。

But these four cases also need surgical resection.

呕吐物多为胃内容物,呕吐后腹痛无明显缓解。

Most of the vomit was stomach contents, and abdominal pain was not relieved after vomiting.

胆囊结石伴胆管炎,肿大胆囊压迫胆总管,引起部分梗阻,或由于感染引起肝细胞一过性损害等,都可造成黄疸。

Jaundice can be caused by gallstone with cholangitis, swelling and bold cystic compression of common bile duct, partial obstruction, or temporary damage of liver cells caused by infection.

4、腹痛腹痛是胆囊结石主要临床表现之一。

4. Abdominal pain is one of the main clinical manifestations of cholecystolithiasis.

由于胆囊管被结石梗阻,使胆囊内压升高,胆囊平滑肌收缩及痉挛,并企图将胆石排出而发生剧烈的胆绞痛。

Due to the obstruction of the cystic duct by stones, the internal pressure of the gallbladder rises, the smooth muscle of the gallbladder contracts and spasms, and attempts to expel the gallstones, resulting in severe biliary colic.

三、形成胆囊结石的原因1、长期高蛋白、高脂肪、高热量膳食使体内胆固醇增加或肝脏合成胆固醇量增多,造成胆汁中胆固醇过饱和。

3、 The causes of gallstone formation are as follows: 1. Long term high protein, high fat and high calorie diet can increase the cholesterol in the body or the amount of cholesterol synthesized in the liver, resulting in the supersaturation of cholesterol in the bile.

4、胆道感染,胆囊壁发炎,其收缩功能减退。

4. Infection of biliary tract, inflammation of gallbladder wall and decrease of contractile function.

5、某些溶血性疾病或肝硬变时也可导致胆囊结石,但这种结石多半是黑色结石。

5. Some hemolytic diseases or cirrhosis can also lead to gallstones, but most of these stones are black stones.

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