2. Classification of benign gallbladder tumors 2.1. Adenoma: adenoma is a benign tumor from the gallbladder mucosa epithelium, accounting for about 23% of the benign gallbladder lesions (Table 3), accounting for about 1% of the cases of cholecystectomy in the same period. Women are more common, children are occasionally seen, and some cases are accompanied by gallstone.
Sometimes the intestinal metaplasia of goblet cells or basal granular cells can be seen.
2.2 benign tumor of gallbladder from supporting tissue: this kind of benign tumor is more rare, including hemangioma, lipoma, leiomyoma and granulosa cell tumor. The microscopic structure of lipoma and leiomyoma is exactly the same as that of other similar tumors.
From the point of view of gallstones, gallstone patients have 1.5 to 6.2% of gallbladder cancer.
3.2. Chronic cholecystitis chronic cholecystitis and gallbladder cancer have a certain relationship. Gallbladder stones, chronic cholecystitis and gallbladder cancer often coexist.
Some studies have shown that the time from atypical hyperplasia of gallbladder to advanced cancer is about 15 years.
3.3 gallbladder adenoma gallbladder adenoma is divided into papillary adenoma, tubular adenoma and tubular papillary adenoma.
The characteristics of gallbladder adenoma are mostly pedicled and solitary, which has been recognized as gallbladder precancerous lesions.
Overall, the median survival time was 3 months.
Therefore, some surgeons are pessimistic about the treatment of gallbladder cancer.
In recent years, with the development of radical surgery for gallbladder cancer, the 5-year survival rate has been significantly improved.
The liver was generally resected about 3 cm around the gallbladder bed.
Generally, the lymph nodes of the next station were removed to the metastatic lymph nodes.
In the early stage of gallbladder cancer, only the gallbladder lymph nodes should be removed, but most of the resectable gallbladder cancer should be removed from the hepatoduodenal ligament, and if necessary, the upper and posterior pancreatic head lymph nodes should be removed.
The peptone made by crab, black fish, beef and animals, such as donkey hide gelatin (donkey hide gelatin), also helps to raise white blood cells.
At this time, you should keep your mouth clean, brush your teeth after eating, supplement high nutrient fluid, and eat appetizers. At the same time, you should eat less and more meals to avoid satiety.
3、新生儿有黄疸的日常护理3.1、判断黄疸的程度。3. 1, judge the degree of jaundice.爸妈可以在自然光线下,观察新生儿皮肤黄染的程度,如果仅仅是面部黄染,为轻度黄疸;躯
腹腔镜胆囊切除术是在电视腹腔镜直视下,利用特殊器械,通过腹壁小戳口在腹腔内施行胆囊切除术。Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a kind of cholecystectomy in the ab
临床资料证明,癌症病人本身并不是传染源，所以说黄疸肝癌不会传染。Clinical data prove that cancer patients themselves are not the source of infection, so jaundice an
由于日常饮食不注意,现在很多人都会患有胆结石。Because of not paying attention to the daily diet, many people will suffer from gallstones now.胆结石不仅会对胆造成
忌食刺激性食物,如酒、烟、辣物、浓茶、醋、咖啡、酸性食物等。Avoid irritant food, such as wine, tobacco, spicy food, strong tea, vinegar, coffee, acid food, etc.
鸡蛋的胆固醇高吗1、 蛋黄里胆固醇其实并不高专家给出的答案是否定的。Is egg cholesterol high? 1. Cholesterol in egg yolk is not high in fact. The answer given by e
文章目录一、初生儿退黄疸的药物1. 初生儿退黄疸的药物2. 怎样预防新生宝宝黄疸3. 宝宝黄疸老是不退的原因二、常见的新生儿黄疸类型三、治疗黄疸一般要多少钱初生儿退黄疸
无症状型胆囊息肉给人们造成的假象是不痛不痒、身无百病、无须治疗,而当症状并发或性质改变时,往往给患者造成意想不到的痛苦和无可挽回的伤害。Asymptomatic gallbladder p
临床上表现为巩膜、黏膜、皮肤及其他组织被染成黄色。Clinically, the sclera, mucosa, skin and other tissues were stained yellow.因巩膜含有较多的弹性硬蛋白,与胆红素