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饮食养生:胆肿瘤症状有哪些

2、胆囊良性肿瘤的分类2.1、腺瘤:腺瘤是来自于胆囊黏膜上皮的良性肿瘤,约占胆囊良性病变的23%(表3)约占同期胆囊切除病例的1%,女性比较多见小儿偶见报道部分病例同时伴有胆囊结石。

2. Classification of benign gallbladder tumors 2.1. Adenoma: adenoma is a benign tumor from the gallbladder mucosa epithelium, accounting for about 23% of the benign gallbladder lesions (Table 3), accounting for about 1% of the cases of cholecystectomy in the same period. Women are more common, children are occasionally seen, and some cases are accompanied by gallstone.

有时可见杯状细胞或基底颗粒细胞的肠上皮化生改变。

Sometimes the intestinal metaplasia of goblet cells or basal granular cells can be seen.

2.2、来源于支持组织的胆囊良性肿瘤:此类良性肿瘤更为罕见包括血管瘤脂肪瘤平滑肌瘤和颗粒细胞瘤等血管瘤脂肪瘤及平滑肌瘤的镜下结构与发生在其他部位的同类肿瘤是完全相同的。

2.2 benign tumor of gallbladder from supporting tissue: this kind of benign tumor is more rare, including hemangioma, lipoma, leiomyoma and granulosa cell tumor. The microscopic structure of lipoma and leiomyoma is exactly the same as that of other similar tumors.

从胆结石角度看,胆石症患者中有百分之一点五至六点二合并胆囊癌。

From the point of view of gallstones, gallstone patients have 1.5 to 6.2% of gallbladder cancer.

3.2、慢性胆囊炎慢性胆囊炎与胆囊癌有一定的关系,胆囊结石,慢性胆囊炎,胆囊癌往往合并存在。

3.2. Chronic cholecystitis chronic cholecystitis and gallbladder cancer have a certain relationship. Gallbladder stones, chronic cholecystitis and gallbladder cancer often coexist.

有研究显示,胆囊不典型增生到晚期癌的进展时间大约为15年。

Some studies have shown that the time from atypical hyperplasia of gallbladder to advanced cancer is about 15 years.

3.3、胆囊腺瘤胆囊腺瘤分为乳头状腺瘤、管状腺瘤、管状乳头状腺瘤。

3.3 gallbladder adenoma gallbladder adenoma is divided into papillary adenoma, tubular adenoma and tubular papillary adenoma.

胆囊腺瘤的特征多为有蒂、单发,目前已被公认为是胆囊癌前病变。

The characteristics of gallbladder adenoma are mostly pedicled and solitary, which has been recognized as gallbladder precancerous lesions.

总体上胆囊癌患者中位生存期为3个月。

Overall, the median survival time was 3 months.

故有些外科医生对胆囊癌的治疗持悲观态度。

Therefore, some surgeons are pessimistic about the treatment of gallbladder cancer.

近年来,由于对胆囊癌根治性手术的开展,术后5年生存率已有显着的提高。

In recent years, with the development of radical surgery for gallbladder cancer, the 5-year survival rate has been significantly improved.

肝脏一般切除胆囊床周围3厘米左右。

The liver was generally resected about 3 cm around the gallbladder bed.

一般清扫至转移淋巴结的下一站淋巴结。

Generally, the lymph nodes of the next station were removed to the metastatic lymph nodes.

早期胆囊癌只要切除胆囊淋巴结,但大多数可切除的胆囊癌应清扫肝十二指肠韧带的淋巴结,必要时还应清扫胰十二指肠上、胰头后淋巴结。

In the early stage of gallbladder cancer, only the gallbladder lymph nodes should be removed, but most of the resectable gallbladder cancer should be removed from the hepatoduodenal ligament, and if necessary, the upper and posterior pancreatic head lymph nodes should be removed.

河蟹、黑鱼、牛肉、动物熬制的胶胨如驴皮胶(阿胶)等也有助于提升白血球。

The peptone made by crab, black fish, beef and animals, such as donkey hide gelatin (donkey hide gelatin), also helps to raise white blood cells.

此时要保持口腔清洁,进食后刷牙,补充高营养流质,可进食开胃食品,同时要少食多餐,避免饱食感。

At this time, you should keep your mouth clean, brush your teeth after eating, supplement high nutrient fluid, and eat appetizers. At the same time, you should eat less and more meals to avoid satiety.

饮食养生:胆肿瘤症状有哪些

2、胆囊良性肿瘤的分类2.1、腺瘤:腺瘤是来自于胆囊黏膜上皮的良性肿瘤,约占胆囊良性病变的23%(表3)约占同期胆囊切除病例的1%,女性比较多见小儿偶见报道部分病例同时伴有胆

饮食养生:新生儿有黄疸怎么办

3、新生儿有黄疸的日常护理3.1、判断黄疸的程度。3. 1, judge the degree of jaundice.爸妈可以在自然光线下,观察新生儿皮肤黄染的程度,如果仅仅是面部黄染,为轻度黄疸;躯

饮食养生:做胆囊切除手术需要开刀吗

腹腔镜胆囊切除术是在电视腹腔镜直视下,利用特殊器械,通过腹壁小戳口在腹腔内施行胆囊切除术。Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a kind of cholecystectomy in the ab

饮食养生:黄疸肝癌传染吗

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饮食养生:胆结石会影响肝吗

由于日常饮食不注意,现在很多人都会患有胆结石。Because of not paying attention to the daily diet, many people will suffer from gallstones now.胆结石不仅会对胆造成

饮食养生:胆石症病人饮食

忌食刺激性食物,如酒、烟、辣物、浓茶、醋、咖啡、酸性食物等。Avoid irritant food, such as wine, tobacco, spicy food, strong tea, vinegar, coffee, acid food, etc.

饮食养生:鸡蛋的胆固醇高吗

鸡蛋的胆固醇高吗1、 蛋黄里胆固醇其实并不高专家给出的答案是否定的。Is egg cholesterol high? 1. Cholesterol in egg yolk is not high in fact. The answer given by e

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饮食养生:胆囊息肉有多大危害

无症状型胆囊息肉给人们造成的假象是不痛不痒、身无百病、无须治疗,而当症状并发或性质改变时,往往给患者造成意想不到的痛苦和无可挽回的伤害。Asymptomatic gallbladder p

饮食养生:肝黄疸是什么

临床上表现为巩膜、黏膜、皮肤及其他组织被染成黄色。Clinically, the sclera, mucosa, skin and other tissues were stained yellow.因巩膜含有较多的弹性硬蛋白,与胆红素

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