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饮食养生:新生儿有黄疸怎么办

3、新生儿有黄疸的日常护理3.1、判断黄疸的程度。

3. 1, judge the degree of jaundice.

爸妈可以在自然光线下,观察新生儿皮肤黄染的程度,如果仅仅是面部黄染,为轻度黄疸;躯干部皮肤黄染,为中度黄疸;如果四肢和手足心也出现黄染,为重度黄疸。

Parents can observe the degree of jaundice of newborn skin under natural light. If it is only facial jaundice, it is mild jaundice; if the skin of trunk is yellow, it is moderate jaundice; if the limbs and hands and feet are also yellow, it is severe jaundice.

3.2、观察大便颜色。

3.2 observe the stool color.

如果大便成陶土色,应考虑病理性黄疸,多由先天性胆道畸形所致。

If the stool is clay colored, pathological jaundice should be considered, which is mostly caused by congenital biliary malformation.

如果黄疸程度较重、出现伴随症状或大便颜色异常应及时去医院就诊,以免耽误治疗。

If the degree of jaundice is severe, accompanied by symptoms or abnormal stool color, timely go to the hospital to avoid delay in treatment.

3.3、尽早使胎便尽早排出。

3. 3. Let the fetus pass out as soon as possible.

3.5、在黄疽期间要注意给予足够的糖水及热力,并保护好肝脏。

3.5. During the period of jaundice, we should give enough sugar water and heat, and protect the liver.

一般在脸部和前胸较明显,但手心和脚心不黄。

Generally in the face and chest more obvious, but the palm and foot is not yellow.

第4~6天最明显,足月儿在出生后10~14天消退,早产儿可持续到第3周。

It was most obvious on the 4th to 6th day, the full-term infants subsided in 10-14 days after birth, and the preterm infants continued to the third week.

在此期间,小儿一般情况良好,无其他不适表现。

During this period, the children were in good condition without any other discomfort.

新生儿出现生理性黄疸是一种正常现象,但家长也要注意密切观察。

Neonatal physiological jaundice is a normal phenomenon, but parents should also pay attention to close observation.

一般来说,生理性黄疸黄疸比较轻,血中胆红素浓度较低,不会影响小儿智力。

Generally speaking, physiological jaundice is lighter, the concentration of bilirubin in blood is lower, will not affect the intelligence of children.

发生时,小儿黄疸明显加重,开始表现为嗜睡,吸奶无力或呛奶,肌张力减退。

At the time of occurrence, jaundice in children was obviously aggravated, and began to show drowsiness, weak or choking milk, and hypotonia.

如治疗不及时随后可出现呻吟、尖叫、抽搐、呼吸衰竭等严重症状。

If the treatment is not timely, then there may be groans, screams, convulsions, respiratory failure and other serious symptoms.

部分患儿死于呼吸衰竭,存活的患儿常有智力障碍、脑性瘫痪等后遗症。

Part of the children died of respiratory failure, the survival of children often have mental retardation, cerebral palsy and other sequelae.

新生儿黄疸的预防方法避免新生儿黄疸高的方法有很多,首先家长朋友要知道,黄疸的出现是由于孩子的胆汁排泄功能障碍,或者是胆红素生成过多等原因所导致的,所以在预防黄疸升高的过程中,家长可以多给孩子喝一些水,但每此给孩子喂水的量不宜过多,一般在20毫升到30毫升为宜,以白开水最佳,多喝水可以增加孩子的排尿量,这样孩子可以在排尿的过程中将黄疸排出,如此就达到了降低黄疸的目的。

There are many ways to prevent neonatal jaundice. First of all, parents and friends should know that jaundice is caused by the child's bile excretion dysfunction or excessive bilirubin production. Therefore, in the process of preventing the increase of jaundice, parents can give their children more water, but the amount of water should not be too much, Generally in 20 ml to 30 ml is appropriate, with boiled water the best, drink more water can increase the child's micturition, so that the child can urinate in the process of jaundice discharge, so as to achieve the purpose of reducing jaundice.

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