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饮食养生:做胆囊切除手术需要开刀吗

腹腔镜胆囊切除术是在电视腹腔镜直视下,利用特殊器械,通过腹壁小戳口在腹腔内施行胆囊切除术。

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a kind of cholecystectomy in the abdominal cavity under the direct vision of video laparoscopy and using special instruments through the small incision of abdominal wall.

胆囊炎分为急性和慢性两种,原则上都应手术切除胆囊。

Cholecystitis is divided into acute and chronic two kinds, in principle should be surgical cholecystectomy.

由于急性胆囊炎发作时胆囊周围消肿、粘连存在,解剖层次不清晰,增加了腹腔镜手术的难度和手术风险,因此目前大多不主张在急性期行胆囊切除术,而采取保守治疗的方法使患者渡过急性炎症期,待炎症完全消退后(约在急性发作后1个月左右)再行腹腔镜胆囊切除术。

Due to the presence of swelling and adhesion around the gallbladder during acute cholecystitis, the anatomical level is not clear, which increases the difficulty and risk of laparoscopic surgery. At present, most of the patients do not advocate cholecystectomy in the acute stage, but take conservative treatment to make the patients pass through the acute inflammation stage, and then perform laparoscopic cholecystectomy after the inflammation completely subsides (about 1 month after the acute attack).

超重,肥胖患者应该减肥。

Overweight, obese patients should lose weight.

手术后,由于胃肠受到刺激,蠕动减少,肝脏功能受到抑制,胆汁分泌量降低,会影响整个消化系统的功能。

After the operation, the gastrointestinal tract is stimulated, the peristalsis is reduced, the liver function is inhibited, and the bile secretion is reduced, which will affect the function of the whole digestive system.

所以,术后1~2天,应严格禁食,宜用静脉滴注补充各种营养。

Therefore, 1-2 days after operation, should be strictly fasting, intravenous drip should be used to supplement all kinds of nutrition.

常饮茶,多吃鲜果和蔬菜也有助于食物的消化和吸收。

Drinking tea often and eating more fresh fruits and vegetables can also help digestion and absorption of food.

制法:将山药洗净,去皮,切成小块;大枣、大米去杂,洗净,备用。

Preparation: wash yam, peel and cut into small pieces; remove impurities from jujube and rice, wash and set aside.

用法:每日1次-2次,可长期食用。

Usage: 1-2 times a day, can be used for a long time.

2、芋头肉丝粥用料:鲜芋头100克,瘦猪肉60克,玉米面100克。

2. Ingredients for congee of taro and shredded pork: 100g fresh taro, 60g lean pork, 100g corn flour.

锅内加水适量,水开后,撒入玉米面(边撒边搅动,以防粘连),再加入肉丝共煮粥,五成熟时加入芋头块,再煮至粥熟即成。

Add a proper amount of water into the pot. After boiling, sprinkle corn flour (stir while sprinkling to prevent adhesion), and then add shredded meat to cook porridge. Add taro when it's ripe, and then cook until the porridge is cooked.

玉米营养丰富,有调中健脑的功效。

Corn is rich in nutrition and has the effect of regulating and strengthening brain.

在作息时间和程度上的要求不多,只要注意做到不要太劳累就可以。

In the work and rest time and degree of the requirements are not much, as long as you pay attention to do not too tired can.

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腹腔镜胆囊切除术是在电视腹腔镜直视下,利用特殊器械,通过腹壁小戳口在腹腔内施行胆囊切除术。Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a kind of cholecystectomy in the ab

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