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饮食养生:胆石症病人饮食

忌食刺激性食物,如酒、烟、辣物、浓茶、醋、咖啡、酸性食物等。

Avoid irritant food, such as wine, tobacco, spicy food, strong tea, vinegar, coffee, acid food, etc.

在发烧期间可食清凉食物,如西瓜、梨、荸荠、莲藕等。

During the fever can eat cool food, such as watermelon, pear, water chestnut, lotus root and so on.

2、胆石症的症状2.1、胆绞痛病人常在饱餐、进食油腻食物后或睡眠中体位改变时,由于胆囊收缩或结石移位加上迷走神经兴奋,结石嵌顿在胆囊壶腹部或颈部,胆囊排空受阻,胆囊内压力升高,胆囊强力收缩而引起绞痛。

2. Cholelithiasis symptoms 2.1, gallstone colic patients often in full meal, after eating greasy food or sleep position change, due to gallbladder contraction or stone displacement plus vagus nerve excitation, stones embedded in the gallbladder ampulla or neck, gallbladder emptying blocked, gallbladder pressure increased, gallbladder strong contraction caused colic.

2.3、胆囊积液胆囊结石长期嵌顿或阻塞胆囊管但未合并感染时,胆囊黏膜吸收胆汁中的胆色素。

2.3. When the cystic duct is incarcerated or blocked for a long time without infection, the gallbladder mucosa absorbs bile pigment.

积液呈透明无色,又称为白胆汁。

The effusion is transparent and colorless, also known as white bile.

对于无症状性的胆囊结石,在排除存在癌变和其他并发症的患者,可以随访观察;对于症状性胆囊结石如急性、慢性结石性胆囊炎或合并有并发症者,应首选腹腔镜胆囊切除术等微创手术,创伤小、术后恢复快;对于临床检查证实胆囊有功能者,亦可采取保胆手术;对于大部分肝内外胆管结石除传统开腹手术外,亦可通过内镜技术微创取石。

For asymptomatic gallstones, patients with canceration and other complications can be followed up; for symptomatic gallstones, such as acute or chronic calculous cholecystitis or with complications, laparoscopic cholecystectomy and other minimally invasive operations should be preferred, with small trauma and rapid postoperative recovery; for patients with gallbladder function confirmed by clinical examination, gallbladder conserving surgery can also be adopted; For most of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct stones, in addition to the traditional open surgery, minimally invasive endoscopic technique can also be used.

3、饮食要少油腻,宜高维生素、低脂饮食,烹调方式以蒸煮为宜;少吃油炸类的事物。

3. Diet should be less greasy, high vitamin, low-fat diet, cooking method to cooking is appropriate; eat less fried food.

4、适当体育锻炼,提高机体抵抗力。

4. Proper physical exercise can improve the body resistance.

吸烟者胰石症的发生率比不吸烟者高2-3倍。

The incidence of pancreatolithiasis in smokers is 2-3 times higher than that in nonsmokers.

因此要预防胰石症首先要戒烟戒酒。

Therefore, in order to prevent pancreatolithiasis, we should first stop smoking and drinking.

2、体育锻炼参加适量的体力活动,避免超体重和肥胖,有助于降低胰石症的发病率。

2, physical exercise to participate in physical activities, avoid overweight and obesity, help reduce the incidence rate of pancreatic stone.

饮食养生:胆石症病人饮食

忌食刺激性食物,如酒、烟、辣物、浓茶、醋、咖啡、酸性食物等。Avoid irritant food, such as wine, tobacco, spicy food, strong tea, vinegar, coffee, acid food, etc.

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