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饮食养生:血脂是不是胆固醇

文章目录一、血脂是不是胆固醇1. 血脂是不是胆固醇2. 如何进行自我查血脂3. 血脂化验前的注意事项二、降血脂的食疗方法三、高血脂是怎么引起的血脂是不是胆固醇1、血脂是不是胆固醇医生让你抽血查血脂,一般来说化验单上包括甘油三酯(tg)、总胆固醇(tc)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(hdl)和低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(ldl),简称“血脂四项”。

Contents 1. Is blood lipid cholesterol 1. Blood lipid is cholesterol 2. How to check blood lipid by yourself 3. Precautions before blood lipid test 2. Diet therapy for reducing blood fat 3. How to cause high blood fat? Is blood fat cholesterol? 1. Blood fat is cholesterol? Doctor asked you to take blood to check blood lipid, Generally speaking, the test sheet includes triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), referred to as "four items of blood lipids".

病人常常会问,究竟那一项是血脂呢?其实血脂是指血浆中的中性脂肪(甘油三酯和胆固醇)和类脂(磷脂、糖脂、固醇、类固醇)的总称,在人体的各个组织、器官中广泛存在,是生命细胞基础代谢必不可少的物质。

Patients often ask, which is the blood lipid? In fact, blood lipid refers to the general term of neutral fat (triglycerides and cholesterol) and lipids (phospholipids, glycolipids, sterols, steroids) in the plasma. It exists widely in various tissues and organs of the human body, and is an essential substance for the basic metabolism of living cells.

一般说来,血脂中的主要成份是甘油三酯和胆固醇,其中甘油三酯参与人体内能量代谢,而胆固醇则主要用于合成细胞浆膜、类固醇激素和胆汁酸,这两者水平的升高均与动脉粥样硬化的发生有关,因此在临床血脂测定中成为必测的重点项目。

Generally speaking, the main components of blood lipids are triglycerides and cholesterol. Triglycerides participate in energy metabolism in human body, while cholesterol is mainly used to synthesize cell plasma membrane, steroid hormone and bile acid. The increase of these two levels is related to the occurrence of atherosclerosis, so it has become a key item in clinical blood lipid determination.

2、如何进行自我查血脂2.1、常出现头昏脑胀或与人讲话间隙容易睡着。

2. How to carry out self check blood lipid 2.1, often appear dizziness or talk with people, easy to fall asleep.

早晨起床后感觉头脑不清醒,早餐后可改善,午后极易犯困,但夜晚很清醒。

After getting up in the morning, I don't feel clear headed. I can improve after breakfast. I'm very sleepy in the afternoon, but I'm awake at night.

2.2、睑黄疣是中老年妇女血脂增高的信号,主要表现在眼睑上出现淡黄色的小皮疹,刚开始时为米粒大小,略高出皮肤,严重时布满整个眼睑。

2.2. Blepharoplasma is a signal of increased blood lipid in middle-aged and elderly women, mainly manifested in the appearance of pale yellow skin rash on the eyelid. At the beginning, it was the size of rice grains, slightly higher than the skin, and when serious, it covered the whole eyelid.

2.3、腿肚经常抽筋,并常感到刺痛,这是胆固醇积聚在腿部肌肉中的表现。

2.3, the leg often cramps, and often feel tingling, this is the performance of cholesterol accumulation in the leg muscles.

2.4、短时间内在面部、手部出现较多黑斑(斑块较老年斑略大,颜色较深)。

2.4. In a short period of time, more black spots appeared on the face and hands (plaques were slightly larger and darker than senile plaques).

记忆力及反应力明显减退。

Memory and reaction ability decreased significantly.

2.5、看东西一阵阵模糊,这是血液变粘稠,流速减慢,使视神经或视网膜暂时性缺血缺氧所致。

2.5. Seeing things is blurry, which is caused by blood thickening, slowing down the flow rate and temporary ischemia and hypoxia of the optic nerve or retina.

3、血脂化验前的注意事项3.1、当心药物干扰:某些冠心病药物可使胆固醇和甘油三酯降低;维生素a、维生素d可使胆固醇升高;硝酸甘油、甘露醇可使甘油三酯升高。

3. Precautions before blood lipid test 3.1, beware of drug interference: some coronary heart disease drugs can reduce cholesterol and triglyceride; vitamin A and vitamin D can increase cholesterol; nitroglycerin and mannitol can increase triglyceride.

因此,在抽血前2-3天内,不要服用这些药物。

Therefore, do not take these drugs within 2-3 days before blood drawing.

3.2、合理控制饮食:抽血前12小时内不能进食,8小时内不能饮水,3天内不能饮酒,不能吃动物肉,因为动物的内脏、脑子、骨髓、脂肪等胆固醇含量都很高,这样可以避免食物中脂肪和酒精等对血脂暂时性升高的影响。

3.2. Reasonable diet control: no eating within 12 hours before blood drawing, no drinking within 8 hours, no drinking within 3 days, and no eating of animal meat, because the cholesterol content of viscera, brain, bone marrow and fat of animals is very high, which can avoid the influence of fat and alcohol in food on the temporary increase of blood lipid.

3.3、注意动作姿势:验血前最好坐在凳子上,如果躺着或卧着,5分钟后胆固醇就开始下降,20分钟后可降低10%-15%;如站立20分钟,胆固醇约可降低6%-10%。

3.3. Pay attention to the posture: it is better to sit on a stool before blood test. If you lie or lie down, the cholesterol will start to drop after 5 minutes, and it can be reduced by 10% - 15% after 20 minutes; if you stand for 20 minutes, the cholesterol can be reduced by 6% - 10%.

所以,要求在验血前应坐5-10分钟,而且每次抽血姿势应保持一致,这样对化验结果影响最小。

Therefore, it is required to sit for 5-10 minutes before blood test, and each blood drawing posture should be consistent, so as to minimize the impact on the test results.

3.4、把握好止血带结扎时间:医生在为患者验血前,止血带结扎时间最好不要超过1分钟。

3.4. Grasp the tourniquet ligation time: before the blood test, the tourniquet ligation time should not exceed 1 minute.

如结扎超过了2分钟,胆固醇就可升高2%-5%;如超过了5分钟,胆固醇就可升高5%-15%。

If the ligation lasted for more than 2 minutes, the cholesterol could be increased by 2% - 5%; if it was more than 5 minutes, the cholesterol could be increased by 5% - 15%.

降血脂的食疗方法1、百合芦笋汤:百合50克,芦笋250克,黄酒、味精、精盐、水适量。

Lily asparagus soup: Lily 50 grams, asparagus 250 grams, rice wine, monosodium glutamate, salt, water appropriate.

先将百合发好洗净,锅中放入水加百合烧几分钟后,再加黄酒、精盐、味精调味,倒入盛有芦笋的碗中即成。

First, wash the lily well, put water into the pot, add lily to cook for a few minutes, then add rice wine, salt, monosodium glutamate seasoning, pour into the bowl containing asparagus.

2、山楂首乌汤:山楂、何首乌各15克,白糖60克。

2. Hawthorn and Polygonum multiflorum Decoction: hawthorn, Polygonum multiflorum 15 g, sugar 60 G.

先将山楂、何首乌洗净、切碎,一同入锅,加水适量,浸渍2小时,再熬煮约1小时,去渣取汤,日服1剂,分2次温服。

First, wash and chop hawthorn and Polygonum multiflorum, put them into the pot together, add appropriate amount of water, soak for 2 hours, and then boil for about 1 hour. Remove the dregs and take the soup. Take one dose a day and warm it twice.

3、山楂银花汤:山楂30克,金银花6克,白糖20克。

3. Hawthorn and silver flower soup: 30 grams of hawthorn, 6 grams of honeysuckle, 20 grams of sugar.

先将山楂、金银花用文火炒热,加入白糖,改用小火炒成糖饯,用开水冲泡,日服1剂。

First, stir fry hawthorn and honeysuckle with low heat, add sugar, and stir fry into candied fruit over low heat. Soak with boiling water and take 1 dose daily.

4、枸杞猪肉汤:枸杞子15克,猪瘦肉250克,精盐、黄酒、葱段、姜、胡椒粉、猪肉汤适量。

4. Wolfberry pork soup: 15 grams of wolfberry, 250 grams of lean pork, salt, rice wine, scallion, ginger, pepper, pork soup.

枸杞子去杂洗净,猪肉切丝炒至白色,加入黄酒、葱、姜、精盐煸炒,注入肉汤,放入枸杞子,煮至肉熟烂,出锅加入胡椒粉、味精,佐餐食用。

Remove the impurities and wash the wolfberry, shred the pork and stir fry until white. Add yellow rice wine, green onion, ginger and refined salt to stir fry. Pour into the broth. Add the wolfberry seeds and cook until the meat is cooked. Take out the pot and add pepper and monosodium glutamate to serve as a meal.

高血脂是怎么引起的1、高胆固醇和高饱和脂肪酸的摄入:例如有些人喜欢吃肥肉和动物内脏,有的喜欢用猪油或其它动物油炒菜吃。

High blood fat is how to cause 1, high cholesterol and high saturated fatty acid intake: for example, some people like to eat fat and animal viscera, some like to use lard or other animal oil fried vegetables.

时间长了,血脂就悄悄地升了上去。

As time goes on, blood lipids rise quietly.

2、热量过高:从饮食中摄影取过多的热量,引起肥胖或超重,是高血脂、高血压、糖尿病和心脏病常见的危险因素之一。

2. High calorie: taking too many calories from diet can lead to obesity or overweight, which is one of the common risk factors of hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes and heart disease.

3、不良生活方式。

3. Bad lifestyle.

如:长期静坐、酗酒、吸烟、精神紧张或焦虑等,都能引起血脂升高。

Such as: long-term sitting still, drinking, smoking, mental stress or anxiety, etc., can cause the rise of blood lipids.

但我们可以通过控制饮食和体重、运动、戒烟等自我调节方式来消除以上有害环境因素。

But we can eliminate the above harmful environmental factors by controlling diet and weight, exercising and quitting smoking.

4、遗传因素。

4. Genetic factors.

一个家族中出现多个血脂升高的患者,并且高脂血症遵循一定的规律在家族中由祖辈传到父辈,又从父辈传到子代。

There are many patients with hyperlipidemia in a family, and hyperlipidemia follows a certain rule in the family from the grandparents to the father, and then from the father to the son.

这是因为影响血脂合成与代谢的基因出了问题。

This is because there is a problem with the genes that affect lipid synthesis and metabolism.

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