文章目录一、血脂是不是胆固醇1. 血脂是不是胆固醇2. 如何进行自我查血脂3. 血脂化验前的注意事项二、降血脂的食疗方法三、高血脂是怎么引起的血脂是不是胆固醇1、血脂是不是胆固醇医生让你抽血查血脂,一般来说化验单上包括甘油三酯(tg)、总胆固醇(tc)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(hdl)和低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(ldl),简称“血脂四项”。

Contents 1. Is blood lipid cholesterol 1. Blood lipid is cholesterol 2. How to check blood lipid by yourself 3. Precautions before blood lipid test 2. Diet therapy for reducing blood fat 3. How to cause high blood fat? Is blood fat cholesterol? 1. Blood fat is cholesterol? Doctor asked you to take blood to check blood lipid, Generally speaking, the test sheet includes triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), referred to as "four items of blood lipids".


Patients often ask, which is the blood lipid? In fact, blood lipid refers to the general term of neutral fat (triglycerides and cholesterol) and lipids (phospholipids, glycolipids, sterols, steroids) in the plasma. It exists widely in various tissues and organs of the human body, and is an essential substance for the basic metabolism of living cells.


Generally speaking, the main components of blood lipids are triglycerides and cholesterol. Triglycerides participate in energy metabolism in human body, while cholesterol is mainly used to synthesize cell plasma membrane, steroid hormone and bile acid. The increase of these two levels is related to the occurrence of atherosclerosis, so it has become a key item in clinical blood lipid determination.


2. How to carry out self check blood lipid 2.1, often appear dizziness or talk with people, easy to fall asleep.


After getting up in the morning, I don't feel clear headed. I can improve after breakfast. I'm very sleepy in the afternoon, but I'm awake at night.


2.2. Blepharoplasma is a signal of increased blood lipid in middle-aged and elderly women, mainly manifested in the appearance of pale yellow skin rash on the eyelid. At the beginning, it was the size of rice grains, slightly higher than the skin, and when serious, it covered the whole eyelid.


2.3, the leg often cramps, and often feel tingling, this is the performance of cholesterol accumulation in the leg muscles.


2.4. In a short period of time, more black spots appeared on the face and hands (plaques were slightly larger and darker than senile plaques).


Memory and reaction ability decreased significantly.


2.5. Seeing things is blurry, which is caused by blood thickening, slowing down the flow rate and temporary ischemia and hypoxia of the optic nerve or retina.


3. Precautions before blood lipid test 3.1, beware of drug interference: some coronary heart disease drugs can reduce cholesterol and triglyceride; vitamin A and vitamin D can increase cholesterol; nitroglycerin and mannitol can increase triglyceride.


Therefore, do not take these drugs within 2-3 days before blood drawing.


3.2. Reasonable diet control: no eating within 12 hours before blood drawing, no drinking within 8 hours, no drinking within 3 days, and no eating of animal meat, because the cholesterol content of viscera, brain, bone marrow and fat of animals is very high, which can avoid the influence of fat and alcohol in food on the temporary increase of blood lipid.


3.3. Pay attention to the posture: it is better to sit on a stool before blood test. If you lie or lie down, the cholesterol will start to drop after 5 minutes, and it can be reduced by 10% - 15% after 20 minutes; if you stand for 20 minutes, the cholesterol can be reduced by 6% - 10%.


Therefore, it is required to sit for 5-10 minutes before blood test, and each blood drawing posture should be consistent, so as to minimize the impact on the test results.


3.4. Grasp the tourniquet ligation time: before the blood test, the tourniquet ligation time should not exceed 1 minute.


If the ligation lasted for more than 2 minutes, the cholesterol could be increased by 2% - 5%; if it was more than 5 minutes, the cholesterol could be increased by 5% - 15%.


Lily asparagus soup: Lily 50 grams, asparagus 250 grams, rice wine, monosodium glutamate, salt, water appropriate.


First, wash the lily well, put water into the pot, add lily to cook for a few minutes, then add rice wine, salt, monosodium glutamate seasoning, pour into the bowl containing asparagus.


2. Hawthorn and Polygonum multiflorum Decoction: hawthorn, Polygonum multiflorum 15 g, sugar 60 G.


First, wash and chop hawthorn and Polygonum multiflorum, put them into the pot together, add appropriate amount of water, soak for 2 hours, and then boil for about 1 hour. Remove the dregs and take the soup. Take one dose a day and warm it twice.


3. Hawthorn and silver flower soup: 30 grams of hawthorn, 6 grams of honeysuckle, 20 grams of sugar.


First, stir fry hawthorn and honeysuckle with low heat, add sugar, and stir fry into candied fruit over low heat. Soak with boiling water and take 1 dose daily.


4. Wolfberry pork soup: 15 grams of wolfberry, 250 grams of lean pork, salt, rice wine, scallion, ginger, pepper, pork soup.


Remove the impurities and wash the wolfberry, shred the pork and stir fry until white. Add yellow rice wine, green onion, ginger and refined salt to stir fry. Pour into the broth. Add the wolfberry seeds and cook until the meat is cooked. Take out the pot and add pepper and monosodium glutamate to serve as a meal.


High blood fat is how to cause 1, high cholesterol and high saturated fatty acid intake: for example, some people like to eat fat and animal viscera, some like to use lard or other animal oil fried vegetables.


As time goes on, blood lipids rise quietly.


2. High calorie: taking too many calories from diet can lead to obesity or overweight, which is one of the common risk factors of hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes and heart disease.


3. Bad lifestyle.


Such as: long-term sitting still, drinking, smoking, mental stress or anxiety, etc., can cause the rise of blood lipids.


But we can eliminate the above harmful environmental factors by controlling diet and weight, exercising and quitting smoking.


4. Genetic factors.


There are many patients with hyperlipidemia in a family, and hyperlipidemia follows a certain rule in the family from the grandparents to the father, and then from the father to the son.


This is because there is a problem with the genes that affect lipid synthesis and metabolism.


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