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饮食养生:胆囊结石的定义

2、胆囊结石的病因胆囊结石与多种因素有关。

2. The etiology of cholecystolithiasis is related to many factors.

任何影响胆固醇与胆汁酸浓度比例改变和造成胆汁淤滞的因素都能导致结石形成。

Any factors that affect the ratio of cholesterol to bile acid and cause cholestasis can lead to the formation of gallstones.

个别地区和种族的居民、女性激素、肥胖、妊娠、高脂肪饮食、长期肠外营养、糖尿病、高脂血症、胃切除或胃肠吻合手术后、回肠末段疾病和回肠切除术后、肝硬化、溶血性贫血等因素都可引起胆囊结石。

Gallbladder stones can be caused by residents of individual regions and races, female hormones, obesity, pregnancy, high-fat diet, long-term parenteral nutrition, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, after gastrectomy or gastrointestinal anastomosis, terminal ileum disease and ileum resection, liver cirrhosis, hemolytic anemia and other factors.

3、胆囊结石的诊断根据临床典型的绞痛病史,影像学检查可确诊。

3. The diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis is based on the clinical typical history of colic and can be diagnosed by imaging examination.

首选b超检查,可见胆囊内有强回声团、随体位改变而移动、其后有声影即可确诊为胆囊结石。

The first choice of B-ultrasound examination, visible in the gallbladder with a strong echo mass, with the change of body position, followed by sound shadow can be diagnosed as gallbladder stones.

仅有10%~15%的胆囊结石含有钙,腹部x线能确诊,侧位照片可与右肾结石区别。

Only 10% ~ 15% of gallstones contain calcium. Abdominal X-ray can confirm the diagnosis, and lateral photos can be distinguished from right kidney stones.

ct、mri也可显示胆囊结石。

CT and MRI can also show gallstones.

如何预防胆囊结石预防胆结石也就是在胆结石的病因,对于有胆结石高危因素的人群应该注意:1、饮食要有规律合理多样化。

How to prevent gallstones, prevent gallstones is also in the cause of gallstones, for people with high risk factors of gallstones should pay attention to: 1, diet should be regular, reasonable and diversified.

目前人们高脂高蛋白饮食增多,并缺乏规律性的饮食,尤其是不吃早餐,因此,膳食要以低脂肪、规律、合理、多样化饮食为主。

At present, people's high-fat and high protein diet is increasing, and lack of regular diet, especially do not eat breakfast. Therefore, the diet should be low-fat, regular, reasonable and diversified diet.

此外,生冷、油腻、高蛋白、刺激性食物及烈酒等应少食。

In addition, raw and cold, greasy, high protein, stimulating food and spirits should be eaten less.

2、胆固醇摄入过多,不仅会加重患者肝脏的负担,而且还可以造成多余的胆固醇在胆囊壁上结晶、积聚和沉淀,从而形成胆囊结石。

2. Excessive intake of cholesterol will not only aggravate the burden on the liver, but also cause excess cholesterol to crystallize, accumulate and precipitate on the gallbladder wall, thus forming gallstone.

所以,降低胆固醇的摄入量,限制热能摄入,维持理想体重,对于预防胆囊结石有积极意义。

Therefore, reducing the intake of cholesterol, limiting the intake of heat energy and maintaining the ideal weight are of positive significance for the prevention of gallstone.

3、要保证健康的生活方式。

3. To ensure a healthy lifestyle.

患者要克服平时不健康的静止生活习惯,如熬夜、酗酒、抽烟等,要多喝水和坚持户外活动,保持良好的心理状态。

Patients should overcome the unhealthy static living habits, such as staying up late, drinking alcohol, smoking, drinking more water and insisting on outdoor activities to maintain a good psychological state.

4、每天要养成锻炼的好习惯,多运动,不要长期的久坐。

4. Every day to develop a good habit of exercise, more exercise, not long-term sedentary.

胆结石吃什么食物最好1、核桃核桃含有丰富的亚油酸,可以抑制体内胆固醇的形成,进而降低胆汁中胆固醇的浓度,故能阻止胆石的形成。

Gallstones eat what food best 1, walnut rich in linoleic acid, can inhibit the formation of cholesterol in the body, and then reduce the concentration of cholesterol in the bile, so it can prevent the formation of gallstones.

有研究证明,将萝卜绞汁后服用可阻止胆石的沉积,对胆结石症有辅助治疗作用。

Some studies have proved that the radish juice can prevent the deposition of gallstones, and has an auxiliary therapeutic effect on gallstones.

萝卜还有防癌抗癌作用,所含的维生素c、胡萝卜素能阻止亚硝胺致癌合成的作用。

Radish also has anti-cancer and anti-cancer effect. The vitamin C and carotene contained in radish can prevent the carcinogenic synthesis of nitrosamine.

3、黑木耳黑木耳对胆结石、肾结石也有较好的化解功能,黑木耳的作用因为它所含的植物碱具有促进消化道、泌尿道各种腺体分泌的特性,植物碱能协同这些分泌物催化结石,润滑肠道。

3. Auricularia auricula also has a good dissolving function for gallstones and kidney stones. The function of Auricularia auricula is because its alkaloids can promote the secretion of various glands in the digestive tract and urinary tract. The alkaloids can cooperate with these secretions to catalyze stones and lubricate the intestinal tract.

5、橙子常吃橙子不仅可以补充维生素c,还可以帮助人们预防胆结石。

5. Oranges often eat oranges can not only supplement vitamin C, but also help people prevent gallstones.

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