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饮食养生:新生儿出生第二天黄疸

光照治疗通常可以缓解新生儿黄疸,因为紫外光能把胆红素转变成一种更容易通过宝宝的尿液排出体外的东西。

Phototherapy usually relieves neonatal jaundice because ultraviolet light converts bilirubin into something that is easier to pass out of the body through the baby's urine.

1.2、换血疗法如果新生儿黄疸比较严重或经过光照疗法后胆红素水平仍持续升高,宝宝就需要进行换血疗法。

1.2. Exchange transfusion if neonatal jaundice is serious or bilirubin level continues to rise after light therapy, the baby needs exchange therapy.

如果对宝宝的新生儿黄疸有任何疑问,一定要请教医生,以确保妈妈选择了正确的新生儿黄疸治疗方法。

If you have any questions about the baby's neonatal jaundice, you must consult a doctor to ensure that the mother has chosen the correct treatment for neonatal jaundice.

2、新生儿出黄疸是什么原因2.1、胆红素生成过多因过多的红细胞的破坏及肠肝循环增加,使血清未结合胆红素升高。

2. Neonatal jaundice is what reason 2.1, bilirubin generation is too much, because of the destruction of excessive red blood cells and the increase of intestinal liver circulation, so that serum unconjugated bilirubin is increased.

2.2、肝脏胆红素代谢障碍由于肝细胞摄取和结合胆红素的功能低下,使血清未结合胆红素升高。

2.2. The disorder of liver bilirubin metabolism is due to the low function of hepatocyte uptake and conjugated bilirubin, which makes the serum unconjugated bilirubin increase.

常见的病因有:新生儿肝炎、先天性代谢性缺陷病、综合症、胆管阻塞。

The common causes are: neonatal hepatitis, congenital metabolic defects, syndrome, bile duct obstruction.

3、新生儿出黄疸如何护理3.1、婴儿全身症状的观察注意观察胎黄婴儿的全身症候,有无精神萎靡、嗜睡、吮乳困难、惊惕不安、两目斜视、四肢强直或抽搐等症,以便对重症患儿及早发现及时处理。

3. How to care for neonatal jaundice 3.1, observation of infant's systemic symptoms, pay attention to observe the systemic symptoms of fetal jaundice infants, whether there are listlessness, drowsiness, sucking difficulties, panic, strabismus, limb rigidity or convulsion and other symptoms, so as to detect and deal with the severe children as soon as possible.

新生儿出黄疸有什么症状生理性黄疸(出生2至3天后出现、躯干、四肢、粪便色黄、尿色不黄、一般无不适症状持续1至2周后消退)、病理性黄疸(出生24h后出现黄疸、逐渐加重、哭闹拒奶、持续2周不退、大便可呈陶土色)1.生理性黄疸轻者呈浅黄色局限于面颈部,或波及躯干,巩膜亦可黄染2~3日后消退,至第5~6日皮色恢复正常;重者黄疸同样先头后足可遍及全身,呕吐物及脑脊液等也能黄染时间长达1周以上,特别是个别早产儿可持续至4周,其粪仍系黄色,尿中无胆红素。

What are the symptoms of neonatal jaundice? Physiological jaundice (appeared 2-3 days after birth, trunk, limbs, stool color yellow, urine color is not yellow, general no discomfort symptoms continue to subside after 1 to 2 weeks), pathological jaundice (jaundice appeared 24 hours after birth, gradually aggravated, crying and refusing milk, continued for 2 weeks, stool can be clay color). 1. Physiological jaundice is light yellow, limited to the face and neck, In severe cases, jaundice may spread throughout the whole body, vomit and cerebrospinal fluid can also be yellow stained for more than one week, especially for some premature infants, their feces are still yellow and there is no bilirubin in urine.

早产儿由于肝功能更加不成熟,黄疸会出现得比较晚,大概在第3或者第4天,而且持续的时间会更长,早产儿黄疸可持续14天或者更久。

Premature infants due to liver function is more immature, jaundice will appear later, about the third or fourth day, and the duration will be longer, premature jaundice can last for 14 days or more.

新生儿病理性黄疸:黄疸出现得早,生后24小时内即出黄疸。

Neonatal pathological jaundice: jaundice appears early, within 24 hours after birth jaundice.

黄疸持久,出生2-3周后黄疸仍持续不退甚至加深,或减轻后又加深。

Jaundice lasts for a long time. Jaundice is still persistent or even deepened after 2-3 weeks of birth.

伴有贫血或大便颜色变淡者。

Accompanied by anemia or stool color fade.

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