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饮食养生:满月宝宝有黄疸怎么办

经皮测胆红素仪为无创的检测方法,操作便捷,经皮胆红素值(tcb)与微量血胆红素值相关性良好,由于此法受测定部位皮肤厚薄与肤色的影响,可能会误导黄疸情况,可作为筛查用,一旦达到一定的界限值,需检测血清血胆红素。

The transcutaneous bilirubin analyzer is a noninvasive detection method, which is easy to operate. The correlation between TCB and micro blood bilirubin is good. Because of the influence of skin thickness and skin color, the method may mislead jaundice and can be used for screening. Once a certain threshold value is reached, serum bilirubin should be detected.

有溶血病时红细胞计数和血红蛋白减低,网织红细胞增多。

When there is hemolytic disease, red blood cell count and hemoglobin decrease, reticulocyte increases.

红细胞脆性试验:红细胞脆性试验怀疑黄疸由于溶血引起,但又排除血型不合溶血病,可做本试验。

Red blood cell brittleness test: it is suspected that jaundice is caused by hemolysis, but hemolytic disease due to incompatibility of blood type is excluded.

若脆性增高,考虑遗传性球形红细胞增多症,自身免疫性溶血症等。

If brittleness increases, consider hereditary spherocytosis, autoimmune hemolysis, etc.

血常规白细胞计数增高或降低,有中毒颗粒及核左移。

White blood cell count increased or decreased, toxic particles and nuclei shifted to the left.

肝功能检查:肝功能检查测血总胆红素和结合胆红素,谷丙转氨酶是反映肝细胞损害较为敏感的方法,碱性磷酸酶在肝内胆道梗阻或有炎症时均可升高。

Liver function test: liver function test to measure total bilirubin and conjugated bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase is a more sensitive method to reflect the damage of liver cells, alkaline phosphatase can be increased in the presence of intrahepatic biliary obstruction or inflammation.

血浆或白蛋白:供给与胆红素联结的白蛋白,可使游离的非结合胆红素减少,预防胆红素脑病。

Plasma or albumin: the supply of albumin linked with bilirubin can reduce the free unconjugated bilirubin and prevent bilirubin encephalopathy.

肾上腺皮质激素:能阻止抗原与抗体反应,减少溶血;并有促进肝细胞葡萄糖醛酸转移酶对胆红素的结合能力。

Adrenocortical hormone: it can prevent antigen and antibody reaction, reduce hemolysis, and promote the binding ability of liver cell glucuronosyltransferase to bilirubin.

3、宝宝有黄疸是什么原因3.1、生理性黄疸足月儿的生理性黄疸是在第2-3天开始,这时皮肤呈浅黄色,巩膜(白眼珠)以蓝为主微带黄色,尿稍黄但不染尿布,第4-5天最黄,足月儿在第10-14天消退,检查肝功能正常、血清未结合胆红素增加。

3. Baby has jaundice is what reason 3.1, physiological jaundice, physiological jaundice of full-term infants is in the second-third day, at this time the skin is light yellow, sclera (white eyes) is mainly blue, microstrip yellow, urine is slightly yellow but does not dye diapers, the most yellow in the 4TH-5TH day, full-term infants subside in the 10th-14th day, check liver function is normal, serum unconjugated bilirubin increases.

3.3、溶血性黄疸溶血性黄疸最常见原因是abo溶血,它是因为母亲与胎儿的血型不合引起的,以母亲血型为o、胎儿血型为a或b最多见,且造成的黄疸较重;其他如母亲血型为a、胎儿血型为b或ab;母亲血型为b、胎儿血型为a或ab较少见,且造成的黄疸较轻。

3.3. Hemolytic jaundice the most common cause of hemolytic jaundice is ABO hemolysis, which is caused by the incompatibility of maternal and fetal blood groups. The most common causes of hemolytic jaundice are maternal blood group O, fetal blood group A or B, and the jaundice caused is relatively heavy; other cases such as maternal blood group A, fetal blood group B or AB; maternal blood group B, fetal blood type A or AB are rare, and the jaundice caused is lighter.

3.4、感染性黄疸感染性黄疸是由于病毒感染或细菌感染等原因,使得肝细胞功能受损害而发生的黄疸。

3.4 infectious jaundice infectious jaundice is caused by viral infection or bacterial infection, which results in the impairment of liver cell function.

细菌感染以败血症黄疸最多见。

The most common bacterial infection was septicemia and jaundice.

宝宝黄疸有哪些症状1、生理性黄疸通常新生儿在出生两天后,就可以用肉眼看出皮肤有点黄,在3~5天到达高峰,7~10天多半就会消失,这时黄疸指数(血清胆红素值)一般不超过15mg/dl就属正常范围。

What symptoms does baby jaundice have? 1. Physiological jaundice usually occurs two days after birth. It can be seen with naked eyes that the skin is a little yellow. It reaches the peak in 3-5 days, and will disappear in 7-10 days. At this time, jaundice index (serum bilirubin value) generally does not exceed 15mg/dl, which is the normal range.

黄疸指数一下子升太高,一天增加5mg/dl以上,这种情况比较常见的是溶血型黄疸(妈妈和宝宝的血型不合)。

Jaundice index rises too high, increase 5mg/dl more than a day, this kind of situation is more common hemolytic jaundice (blood group incompatibility between mother and baby).

黄疸指数升得太高,有15mg/dl。

Jaundice index increased too high, 15 mg/dl.

持续的时间太长,一般生理性黄疸持续的时间是7~10天,如果超过两个星期就要注意了。

Duration is too long, the general duration of physiological jaundice is 7-10 days, if more than two weeks should pay attention to.

仔细观察黄疸变化:黄疸是从头开始黄,从脚开始退,而眼睛是最早黄,最晚退的,所以可以先从眼睛观察起。

Carefully observe the change of jaundice: jaundice is yellow from the beginning, and the eye is the earliest yellow, the latest regression, so you can observe from the eyes.

如果不知如何看,父母可以按压身体任何部位,只要按压的皮肤处呈现白色就没有关系,是黄色就要注意了。

If you don't know how to look at it, parents can press any part of the body. As long as the pressed skin appears white, it doesn't matter. If it is yellow, you should pay attention to it.

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