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饮食养生:胆固醇高的治疗方法

文章目录一、胆固醇高的治疗方法二、高胆固醇患者饮食禁忌三、胆固醇高吃什么好胆固醇高的治疗方法1、饮食中高饱和脂肪酸的摄入、高胆固醇的摄入以及热量摄入与消耗失去平衡导致肥胖,是高胆固醇血症的三个主要饮食因素。

The three main dietary factors of hypercholesterolemia are the intake of high saturated fatty acids, the intake of high cholesterol and the imbalance of calorie intake and consumption.

尤其是饱和脂肪酸特别多的东西,比如肥肉,内脏这些食品,含胆固醇比较高的食品,要尽量减一些,改善饮食结构、控制体重、增加体育锻炼是治疗高胆固醇血症最基本的措施。

In particular, we should try to reduce the amount of saturated fatty acids, such as fat, viscera and foods with high cholesterol content. Improving diet structure, controlling body weight and increasing physical exercise are the basic measures to treat hypercholesterolemia.

2、饮食疗法就是通过降低饮食中饱和脂肪酸和胆固醇的摄入,即降低外源性脂质的摄入和恢复热量平衡来降低冠心病危险性,同时促进良好营养的一种治疗方法。

2. Diet therapy is to reduce the intake of saturated fatty acids and cholesterol in the diet, that is to reduce the intake of exogenous lipids and restore the heat balance to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, while promoting good nutrition.

3、运动疗法可以增加热量的消耗,有助于减轻体重,同时降低血清总胆固醇和甘油三酯水平以及ldl-胆固醇和vldl-胆固醇水平,并且还能升高hdl-胆固醇水平。

3. Exercise therapy can increase calorie consumption, help to lose weight, reduce serum total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, LDL cholesterol and VLDL cholesterol levels, and increase HDL cholesterol levels.

减轻体重可以降低vldl-胆固醇水平,提高hdl-胆固醇水平。

Weight loss can reduce VLDL cholesterol level and increase HDL cholesterol level.

2、高胆固醇血症患者摄入过量的饱和脂肪酸,会导致冠状动脉粥样硬化,引起血栓等症。

2. Hypercholesterolemia patients with excessive intake of saturated fatty acids, can lead to coronary atherosclerosis, thrombosis and other diseases.

3、植物油里的椰子油是个例外,富含胆固醇,不宜食用。

3. The exception is coconut oil, which is rich in cholesterol and is not edible.

奶油、黄油等及其制品,也尽量少食用。

Cream, butter and other products, also as little as possible to eat.

除了在烹饪油脂上注意,还需要注意避免食用富含脂肪的肉类,以及其他富含脂肪的食物。

In addition to cooking oil, you should also pay attention to avoid eating fat rich meat and other fatty foods.

油炸一类的食品也应该尽量不食用,市场上很多油炸食品都是使用动物油脂。

Fried food should also try not to eat, many fried food on the market are using animal fat.

过多过量摄入动物性脂肪,是有害身体健康的,这个是众所周知的事实,但是,长期单一性地依靠植物性油脂来作为人体脂肪来源,也是有害身体健康的,这个事实很多人没有认识到。

It is a well-known fact that excessive intake of animal fat is harmful to human health. However, it is harmful to human health to rely solely on vegetable fat for a long time, which is not recognized by many people.

高胆固醇患者一定要减少动物性油脂的摄入量,但不能完全拒绝摄入,要适量补充,这样更能保护血管。

High cholesterol patients must reduce the intake of animal fat, but can not completely refuse to eat, to appropriate amount of supplement, so as to protect blood vessels.

5、高胆固醇患者,还应该尽量少喝酒,少吸烟,以减轻对肝肺的伤害,否则对胆固醇的降低不利。

5. Patients with high cholesterol should also drink less and smoke less, so as to reduce the damage to liver and lung, otherwise it is harmful to the reduction of cholesterol.

如果可能,尽量戒烟戒酒。

If possible, try to stop smoking and drinking.

众所周知,长期摄人过多的食物热量就会导致肥胖。

As we all know, long-term intake of excessive food calories can lead to obesity.

而热量低的食物可以防止肥胖,所以也就间接地减低了胆固醇的合成。

And low calorie foods can prevent obesity, which indirectly reduces cholesterol synthesis.

老年人因平时活动量减少,故不宜吃得过多过饱,这可避免身体发胖。

The elderly due to the reduction of usual activity, it is not appropriate to eat too much, which can avoid body fat.

胆固醇高吃什么好1、燕麦片:研究报告指出,每天吃约3/4杯燕麦片有助降低总胆固醇达4~8%,原因是燕麦片含水溶性纤维。

What's good for high cholesterol? 1. Oatmeal: according to the research report, eating about 3/4 cups of oatmeal every day can help to reduce total cholesterol by 4-8%. The reason is that oatmeal contains water-soluble fiber.

2、胆固醇高吃鱼类,特别是三文鱼及吞拿鱼。

2. Cholesterol high eating fish, especially salmon and tuna.

3、黄豆中的异黄硷素也有助降低胆固醇,因此胆固醇高吃应多吃豆浆、豆腐、黄豆。

3. Isoflavones in soybeans also help to reduce cholesterol, so high cholesterol should eat more soybean milk, tofu, soybeans.

大豆和青菜以及五谷杂粮都要多吃些。

Eat more soybeans, vegetables and grains.

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