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饮食养生:胆囊上长息肉怎么办

中医治疗中医治疗胆囊息肉是讲求辨证治疗的,在中医看来,肝胆气滞型的胆囊息肉主要是由于神志不调引起的,这种情况下治疗应该以疏肝利胆为主;而对于肝胆湿热型的胆囊息肉主要是由于肝郁气滞、湿热内蕴引起的,治疗应该遵循清热利湿、活血化瘀的原则;而对于肝肾阴虚型的胆囊息肉,则应该以养肝护肝、滋阴养肾的治疗原则为主。

Traditional Chinese medicine treatment of gallbladder polyps is based on syndrome differentiation. In the view of traditional Chinese medicine, gallbladder polyps of liver and gallbladder qi stagnation type are mainly caused by unconsciousness. In this case, the treatment should focus on soothing the liver and promoting gallbladder; for gallbladder polyps of liver and gallbladder damp heat type, it is mainly caused by stagnation of liver qi and damp heat, so the treatment should follow the principles of clearing heat and removing dampness, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis; For gallbladder polyps with Yin deficiency of liver and kidney, the treatment principle of nourishing liver and protecting liver, nourishing yin and nourishing kidney should be given priority to.

2、胆囊上长息肉的病因胆囊息肉的病因较复杂,可能与慢性胆囊炎、胆囊结石和胆固醇代谢紊乱有关。

2. The etiology of gallbladder polyps is complex, which may be related to chronic cholecystitis, gallstone and cholesterol metabolism disorder.

罕见的症状有阻塞性黄疸、胆道出血、急性胆囊炎、胰腺炎等,与胆囊颈部的息肉阻塞胆囊管或息肉脱落嵌顿于壶腹部有关。

The rare symptoms include obstructive jaundice, biliary bleeding, acute cholecystitis, pancreatitis, etc., which are related to the obstruction of polyps in the neck of gallbladder or the shedding and incarceration of polyps in the ampulla.

2、要有合理的饮食结构过量食用精制碳水化合物会增加胆汁中胆固醇的饱和度,使胆固醇沉淀形成胆囊息肉。

2. To have a reasonable diet structure, excessive consumption of refined carbohydrates will increase the saturation of cholesterol in the bile, so that cholesterol precipitation to form gallbladder polyps.

其次是由于摄入大量的油脂类食物,促使胆汁成分改变,其中胆固醇与胆色素的含量增加,脂肪代谢也随之发生改变,胆汁容易浓缩,胆囊收缩也降低了,从而形成新的胆囊息肉或者使原有的病情加重。

Secondly, due to the intake of a large number of fatty foods, the composition of bile is changed. The content of cholesterol and bile pigment is increased, and the fat metabolism is also changed. The bile is easy to concentrate, and the contraction of gallbladder is also reduced, thus forming new gallbladder polyps or aggravating the original disease.

2、胆囊息肉患者的食物要易于消化,因为易消化的食物可减轻对胆囊等消化器官的负担,容易消化的食物有面条、大米粥、豆制品、蛋类、菠菜等。

2. The food of patients with gallbladder polyps should be easy to digest, because the easily digestible food can reduce the burden on the gallbladder and other digestive organs. The easily digestible food includes noodles, rice porridge, bean products, eggs, spinach, etc.

5、胆囊息肉的患者一定要多喝水,一般患胆病的人都应当多喝水。

5. Patients with gallbladder polyps must drink more water. People with gall bladder diseases should drink more water.

饮食养生:胆囊上长息肉怎么办

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