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饮食养生:胆囊长满结石严重吗

假如变换体位或用药不能使结石离开梗阻部位,胆囊内就会产生很高的压力,胆囊壁的血液供应减少或停止,细菌就很容易进入并产生大量毒素,引起胆囊壁坏死,甚至穿孔;甚至可以破到腹腔引起腹膜炎。

If the change of body position or medication can not make the stone leave the obstruction site, the gallbladder will produce high pressure, the blood supply of gallbladder wall will be reduced or stopped, bacteria can easily enter and produce a large number of toxins, causing gallbladder wall necrosis, even perforation; and even can break to the abdominal cavity and cause peritonitis.

1.2、继发胆总管结石:有时小结石或胆泥可被胆囊排到胆总管,引起胆总管梗阻,产生黄疸,引起肝功能损害,甚至造成化脓性胆管炎。

1.2 secondary choledocholithiasis: sometimes small stones or bile sludge can be discharged to the common bile duct by the gallbladder, causing obstruction of the common bile duct, jaundice, liver function damage, and even suppurative cholangitis.

重症胆管炎死亡率极高。

The mortality of severe cholangitis is very high.

1.3、急性胰腺炎:排入胆管的小结石或胆泥进一步排入十二指肠,有时会嵌顿在胆管和胰管的共同开口或损伤胆总管末端的括约肌,反复如此则造成胆总管末端狭窄、水肿,引起胰液排泄障碍或胆汁返流入胆管继发胆源性胰腺炎。

1.3. Acute pancreatitis: small stones or mud discharged into the bile duct are further discharged into the duodenum, sometimes embedded in the common opening of the bile duct and pancreatic duct, or damage the sphincter at the end of the common bile duct. If this happens repeatedly, it will cause stricture and edema at the end of the common bile duct, resulting in pancreatic juice excretion disorder or bile flowing back into the bile duct and secondary biliary pancreatitis.

一般的治疗原则是不超过0.2cm的结石,可以定期3个月复查,或者适当的药物调理,超过0.2cm的结石必须进行手术治疗。

The general treatment principle is not more than 0.2cm stones, can be regularly reviewed for 3 months, or appropriate drug conditioning, more than 0.2cm stones must be surgical treatment.

3、胆结石不能吃什么3.1、不吃或少吃高糖、高胆固醇、高脂肪饮食。

3. Gallstones can not eat what 3.1, do not eat or eat less high sugar, high cholesterol, high fat diet.

注意饮食卫生、防止肠道内进入寄生虫如蛔虫等。

Pay attention to food hygiene and prevent intestinal parasites such as Ascaris lumbricoides.

按时进餐,避免胆汁在胆囊内潴留时间过长。

* eat meals regularly to avoid bile retention in the gallbladder.

导致胆囊结石病发的原因1、经常不吃早餐。

Causes of gallstone disease 1, often do not eat breakfast.

这是因为空腹时间长了,胆汁分泌减少,胆汁成分发生改变,使胆固醇达到饱和,很容易在胆囊中沉淀,长此以往就容易形成胆囊结石。

This is because the fasting time is long, the bile secretion decreases, the bile composition changes, so that the cholesterol reaches saturation, it is easy to precipitate in the gallbladder, and in the long run, it is easy to form gallstone.

2、饮食不卫生。

2. The diet is not hygienic.

饮水少也会可能是引发胆囊结石的病因之一。

Drinking less water may also be one of the causes of gallstone.

事实上预防很多结石都需要多饮水。

In fact, prevention of many stones requires drinking more water.

4、长期高脂饮食或者低脂饮食。

4. Long term high-fat diet or low-fat diet.

5、妊娠期胆囊排空滞缓。

5. Delayed gallbladder emptying during pregnancy.

都会产生胆囊结石。

Can produce gallstone.

胆囊结石的症状有哪些胆囊结石的症状取决于结石的大小和部位,以及有无阻塞和炎症等。

What are the symptoms of gallstone? The symptoms of gallstone depend on the size and location of the stone, as well as whether there is obstruction and inflammation.

较大的胆囊结石可引起中上腹或右上腹闷胀不适,嗳气和厌食油腻食物等消化不良症状。

Large gallstone can cause the middle or right upper abdomen distension discomfort, belching and anorexia of greasy food and other dyspepsia symptoms.

胆囊结石在无感染时,一般无特殊体征或仅有右上腹轻度压痛。

Gallstone in the absence of infection, generally no special signs or only the right upper abdomen mild tenderness.

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