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饮食养生:胆囊结石必须手术吗

文章目录一、胆囊结石必须手术吗二、胆结石吃什么食物最好三、 如何预防胆囊结石胆囊结石必须手术吗1、胆囊结石必须手术吗事实上,胆囊本身是一个有用的消化器官,其位于肝脏脏面,主要通过吸收、分泌和蠕动等来浓缩、储存和排泄胆汁。

In fact, the gallbladder itself is a useful digestive organ, it is located in the liver surface, mainly through absorption, secretion and peristalsis to concentrate, store and excrete bile.

目前胆囊结石最有效的方法是胆囊切除术,如今国内外广泛开展的手术方式是腹腔镜胆囊切除术,它具有创伤小、痛苦轻、恢复快、安全、并发症少等优点,已基本取代了传统的开腹胆囊切除术。

At present, cholecystectomy is the most effective method for cholecystolithiasis. Nowadays, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is widely used at home and abroad. It has the advantages of small trauma, light pain, fast recovery, safety and fewer complications, which has basically replaced the traditional open cholecystectomy.

疼痛位于右上腹或上腹部,呈阵发性,或者持续疼痛阵发性加剧,可向右肩胛部和背部放射,可伴恶心、呕吐。

Pain located in the right upper abdomen or upper abdomen, paroxysmal, or persistent pain, paroxysmal aggravation, can radiate to the right scapula and back, accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

部分病人因痛剧而不能准确说出疼痛部位。

Some patients can not accurately tell the location of pain because of pain.

首次胆绞痛出现后,约70%的病人一年内会复发。

About 70% of patients will relapse within one year after the first appearance of biliary colic.

胆结石吃什么食物最好1、核桃:核桃含有丰富的亚油酸,可以抑制体内胆固醇的形成,进而降低胆汁中胆固醇的浓度,故能阻止胆石的形成。

What food does gallstone eat best 1, walnut: Walnut contains rich linoleic acid, can inhibit the formation of cholesterol in the body, and then reduce the concentration of cholesterol in the bile, so it can prevent the formation of gallstones.

有研究证明,将萝卜绞汁后服用可阻止胆石的沉积,对胆结石症有辅助治疗作用。

Some studies have proved that the radish juice can prevent the deposition of gallstones, and has an auxiliary therapeutic effect on gallstones.

萝卜还有防癌抗癌作用,所含的维生素c、胡萝卜素能阻止亚硝胺致癌合成的作用。

Radish also has anti-cancer and anti-cancer effect. The vitamin C and carotene contained in radish can prevent the carcinogenic synthesis of nitrosamine.

3、黑木耳:黑木耳对胆结石、肾结石也有较好的化解功能,黑木耳的作用因为它所含的植物碱具有促进消化道、泌尿道各种腺体分泌的特性,植物碱能协同这些分泌物催化结石,润滑肠道。

3. Auricularia auricula: Auricularia auricula also has a good dissolving function for gallstones and kidney stones. The function of Auricularia auricula is because its alkaloids can promote the secretion of various glands in the digestive tract and urinary tract. The alkaloids can cooperate with these secretions to catalyze stones and lubricate the intestinal tract.

而生姜能抑制前列腺素的合成,可相对减少胆汁中粘蛋白的形成,从而达到抑制胆结石的目的。

Ginger can inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins and reduce the formation of mucin in bile, so as to inhibit gallstones.

此外,生冷、油腻、高蛋白、刺激性食物及烈酒等应少食。

In addition, raw and cold, greasy, high protein, stimulating food and spirits should be eaten less.

2、胆固醇摄入过多,不仅会加重患者肝脏的负担,而且还可以造成多余的胆固醇在胆囊壁上结晶、积聚和沉淀,从而形成胆囊结石。

2. Excessive intake of cholesterol will not only aggravate the burden on the liver, but also cause excess cholesterol to crystallize, accumulate and precipitate on the gallbladder wall, thus forming gallstone.

所以,降低胆固醇的摄入量,限制热能摄入,维持理想体重,对于预防胆囊结石有积极意义。

Therefore, reducing the intake of cholesterol, limiting the intake of heat energy and maintaining the ideal weight are of positive significance for the prevention of gallstone.

3、要保证健康的生活方式。

3. To ensure a healthy lifestyle.

患者要克服平时不健康的静止生活习惯,如熬夜、酗酒、抽烟等,要多喝水和坚持户外活动,保持良好的心理状态。

Patients should overcome the unhealthy static living habits, such as staying up late, drinking alcohol, smoking, drinking more water and insisting on outdoor activities to maintain a good psychological state.

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