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饮食养生:胆囊阻塞的症状

早期肝可轻度肿大,数个月后即可发展为严重胆汁性肝硬化,肝脏明显肿大,质地变硬,表现为褐绿色,呈细颗粒状或结节状。

In the early stage, the liver may be slightly enlarged, and after a few months, it can develop into severe biliary cirrhosis. The liver is obviously enlarged, and its texture becomes hard. It is brown green and appears fine granular or nodular.

由于肠道内缺乏胆汁或胆汁量减少,使维生素k吸收不足,影响了人体中凝血因子的形成,这样就会发生出血倾向。

Due to the lack of bile in the intestine or the reduction of bile volume, vitamin K is not absorbed enough, which affects the formation of coagulation factors in the human body, which will lead to bleeding tendency.

2、胆囊阻塞的症状有肝细胞空泡样变性、脂肪性腹泻2.1、肝细胞空泡样变性:肝细胞空泡样变性、肝细胞肿胀、肝细胞增生和库普弗细胞动员象。

2. The symptoms of gallbladder obstruction include hepatocyte vacuolar degeneration, fatty diarrhea 2.1, hepatocyte vacuolar degeneration: hepatocyte vacuolar degeneration, hepatocyte swelling, hepatocyte proliferation and Kupffer cell mobilization.

胆囊可未发育萎陷,或内含“白胆汁”。

Gallbladder may not develop collapse, or contain "white bile".

3.2、血中胆固醇增加:胆道阻塞后,胆汁不能正常排出,使胆汁中的胆盐滞留堆积在肝细胞内,反过来抑制了胆固醇的分解,最后使血中胆固醇增加。

3.2. Increase of cholesterol in blood: after biliary obstruction, bile can not be discharged normally, which makes bile salt in bile stay and accumulate in liver cells, which in turn inhibits the decomposition of cholesterol, and finally increases the cholesterol in blood.

较大的结石不易引起胆囊的梗阻,病人无任何不适感觉,仅在b超体检时发现。

Large stones are not easy to cause gallbladder obstruction, and the patient has no discomfort, which is only found in B-ultrasound examination.

也有部分病人表现为慢性胆囊炎的症状,如饭后上腹饱胀或隐痛,平时有上腹不适及嗳气等消化不良症症状,易误认为是胃病。

There are also some patients with symptoms of chronic cholecystitis, such as upper abdominal fullness or dull pain after meals, and dyspepsia symptoms such as upper abdominal discomfort and belching, which are easily mistaken for stomach diseases.

有的患者会感右上腹及肝区隐痛,多为持续性,可被误认为是肝炎。

Some patients will feel dull pain in the right upper abdomen and liver area, which is mostly persistent and can be mistaken for hepatitis.

胆囊阻塞的饮食注意事项1、要限制脂肪,避免刺激胆囊收缩以缓解疼痛。

Gallbladder obstruction diet precautions 1, to limit fat, avoid stimulating gallbladder contraction to relieve pain.

3、保证新鲜蔬菜、水果的供给。

3. Ensure the supply of fresh vegetables and fruits.

绿叶蔬菜,可提供必要的维生素和适量纤维素,更应保证。

Green leafy vegetables, can provide necessary vitamins and appropriate amount of cellulose, more should be guaranteed.

4、补充维生素和无机盐。

4. Supplement vitamins and inorganic salts.

5、 限制胆固醇的摄取量。

5. Limit your cholesterol intake.

7、多补充维生素k,如:菠菜、花椰菜等都有丰富含量。

7. More vitamin K supplement, such as spinach, cauliflower, etc. are rich in vitamin K.

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