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饮食养生:胆囊大怎么治疗

特别是老年人和糖尿病患者,病情变化较快,更应注意。

Especially the elderly and diabetic patients, the disease changes quickly, more attention should be paid.

2、胆囊大如何诊断在临床上凡是见到胆囊增大患者,首先要看有无感染病史、临床症状表现和体征,鉴别胆囊炎、胆囊息肉、胆结石等疾病所致的胆囊增大;二要进行体格检查,胆囊触诊时可触及肿大的胆囊,并有囊性感或实体感,及明显压痛;三要进行实验室检查,必要时再查肝胆超声检查,以明确胆囊增大的原因和严重程度,为下一步治疗提供依据。

2. How to diagnose gallbladder enlargement in clinical practice, the first thing to see is whether there is a history of infection, clinical symptoms and signs, to identify cholecystitis, gallbladder polyps, gallstones and other diseases caused by gallbladder enlargement; second, physical examination, gallbladder palpation can touch the enlarged gallbladder, with cystic or physical feeling, and obvious tenderness; third, laboratory examination, If necessary, liver and gallbladder ultrasound should be examined again to determine the cause and severity of gallbladder enlargement, and to provide basis for the next treatment.

发冷、发热、纳差、腹胀。

Chills, fever, anorexia, abdominal distension.

10%病人可有轻度黄疸。

10% of patients may have mild jaundice.

胆囊结石引起者,夜间发病为一特点。

Cholecystolithiasis is caused by nocturnal morbidity.

3、胆囊大是什么原因引起的3.1、机械性梗阻一般认为急性胆囊炎患者90%以上有结石嵌顿于胆囊颈或胆囊管,导致胆汁滞留;有作者认为,即使手术或尸检时胆囊内无结石发现,也不能证明在病变早期无结石存在,而可能结石已被排至胆总管。

3. What is the cause of large gallbladder 3.1, mechanical obstruction generally believed that more than 90% of patients with acute cholecystitis have stones embedded in the neck of the gallbladder or cystic duct, resulting in bile retention; some authors believe that even if there is no stone found in the gallbladder during operation or autopsy, it can not be proved that there is no stone in the early stage of disease, and the stone may have been discharged to the common bile duct.

细菌入侵的路径一般多经胆汁或淋巴管,有时也可以经肠道逆行入胆道或血源性播散。

The route of bacterial invasion usually passes through bile or lymphatic vessels, and sometimes it can also be retrograde into biliary tract or blood source through intestinal tract.

3.3、其他原因 临床上有少数病例既无胆汁滞留亦无细菌感染而为其他的原因。

3.3. Other causes: there are a few cases with no bile retention or bacterial infection, which are other causes.

主要见于创伤和胰液反流。

It is mainly seen in trauma and pancreatic juice reflux.

将黄瓜藤洗净后,用水煎至100毫升,再取 汁冲服鸡蛋。

Wash the cucumber vine, fry in water to 100 ml, and then take the juice to take the egg.

每日1次,清热利胆,但对虚寒者不适用。

Once a day, clearing heat and promoting gall, but not suitable for deficiency cold.

2、马齿苋芦根饮马齿苋10克,芦根25克,用清水煮沸,或用开水冲泡,代茶饮,消炎利 尿效果较好。

2. Purslane reed root drink purslane 10 g, reed root 25 g, boiled with water, or with boiling water, instead of tea, antiphlogistic and diuretic effect is better.

消炎利胆。

Antiphlogistic and cholagogic.

4、金桔山楂粥金桔50克,山楂12克,粳米100克,先将粳米煮八成熟后,再放入金桔和山 楂,煮熟软即可食用。

4. Kumquat Hawthorn porridge Jinju 50g, hawthorn 12g, japonica rice 100g, first cooked japonica rice eight mature, and then add kumquat and hawthorn, cooked soft can be eaten.

每日1次,消炎化食。

Once a day, anti-inflammatory food.

5、四味饮丝瓜子、炒萝卜子、荔枝核、橘子皮各10克水煎,取汁。

5. Siwei drink silky melon seeds, fried radish seeds, litchi seed, orange peel 10 grams each, fried, juice.

适 用于胆结石右胁持续胀痛、时寒时热、有时腹胀而满。

It is suitable for the right flank of gallstones, sometimes cold and sometimes hot, and sometimes full of abdominal distension.

2、保持大便畅通。

2. Keep your bowels clear.

3、要改变静坐生活方式,多走动,多运动。

3. We should change our sedentary lifestyle, walk more and exercise more.

长期家庭不睦,心情不畅的人可引发或加重此病,要做到心胸宽阔,心情舒畅。

Long term family disharmony, mood is not smooth person can cause or aggravate this disease, want to achieve broad-minded, happy mood.

5、少吃含脂肪量高的食物,如肥肉、油炸食物,尽量用植物油代替动物油。

5. Eat less high fat food, such as fat, fried food, try to use vegetable oil instead of animal oil.

6、限制含胆固醇量高的食物,如鱼子、蛋类、蛋黄、食肉动物的肝、肾、心、脑等。

6. Limit foods with high cholesterol content, such as roe, eggs, yolk, liver, kidney, heart and brain of carnivores.

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