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饮食养生:胆囊癌术后吃什么

食欲差的患者宜吃杨梅、山药、薏米、萝卜、塘虱、恭菜。

Patients with poor appetite should eat red bayberry, yam, job's tears, radish, pond lice and Gongcai.

全身一般状况好,没有其他的基础疾病,身体机能好,免疫力强,才能抵抗癌肿的发展,耐受各种药物治疗。

The general condition of the whole body is good, there is no other basic disease, the body function is good, immunity is strong, can resist the development of cancer, tolerate all kinds of drug treatment.

3、胆囊癌术后怎么护理注意饮食的调节胆囊癌病人因胆汁排泄不畅影响食物的消化和吸收,特别是对脂肪性食物更难消化,病人常表现纳呆、食少、腹胀、大便不调。

3. How to nurse gallbladder cancer after operation? Pay attention to the regulation of diet. Gallbladder cancer patients have poor bile excretion, which affects the digestion and absorption of food, especially fatty food. The patients often show anorexia, lack of food, abdominal distension and irregular stool.

静卧休息静卧休息时应保持舒适的卧位,一般以左侧卧位、仰卧位为佳,以防胆囊部位受压。

In order to prevent the compression of the gallbladder, it is better to keep a comfortable position when resting.

鼓励病人做些力所能及的事,以转移不良情绪,自我调理心态,如练气功、散步、听科普知识,做到动静结合。

Encourage patients to do what they can to transfer their bad emotions and self regulate their mentality, such as practicing Qigong, walking, listening to popular science knowledge, so as to achieve the combination of dynamic and static.

密切观察体温、脉搏、呼吸、血压的变化,防止合并症的发生。

Closely observe the changes of body temperature, pulse, respiration and blood pressure to prevent the occurrence of complications.

如若右上腹出现表面高低不平、质地硬、不能活动的肿块时,就要及时做胆囊癌筛查。

If the right upper abdomen appears uneven surface, hard texture, can not move mass, it is necessary to do gallbladder cancer screening in time.

黄疸黄疸是胆囊癌最典型的症状,几乎所有胆囊癌患者都会出现不同程度的黄疸,主要表现为巩膜、皮肤变黄。

Jaundice is the most typical symptom of gallbladder cancer. Almost all patients with gallbladder cancer will have jaundice of different degrees, mainly manifested as the yellowing of sclera and skin.

这种黄疸表现为进行性加重,且多为无痛性,仅有少数患者呈波动性。

This kind of jaundice is progressive aggravation, and most of them are painless. Only a few patients show fluctuation.

其他部分患者可出现上消化道出血,当肿瘤侵犯结肠肝曲时,可出现消化道梗阻。

Other patients may have upper gastrointestinal bleeding, and gastrointestinal obstruction may occur when the tumor invades the hepatic flexure of colon.

肿瘤压迫门静脉时还可引起门静脉高压。

Portal hypertension can also be caused by tumor compression of portal vein.

还有些患者会出现体重减轻、恶心、呕吐等症状,因为比较常见,所以常被忽略。

Some patients will have weight loss, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms, because more common, so often ignored.

临床上把黄疸、右上腹肿块、右上腹疼痛称为“三联征”,当这三种症状同时出现时,几乎可以判断是胆囊癌。

In clinic, jaundice, right upper abdominal mass and right upper abdominal pain are called "triad syndrome". When these three symptoms appear at the same time, it can almost be judged that it is gallbladder cancer.

年龄超过五十岁的女性也更容易患有胆囊癌,男女患有胆囊癌的几率是1:3。

Women over the age of 50 are also more likely to have gallbladder cancer, with a 1:3 chance for men and women to have gallbladder cancer.

有多发型的结石患者,那么就更有可能患有胆囊癌,结石的刺激在癌变的过程中非常的重要。

There are multiple stone patients, then more likely to have gallbladder cancer, stone stimulation in the process of canceration is very important.

慢性胆囊炎患者病程非常的长,并且容易反复的发作,那么这类人群也更容易患有胆囊癌。

Chronic cholecystitis patients with a very long course, and easy to recurrent attacks, then this group of people are more likely to suffer from gallbladder cancer.

胆囊颈部镶嵌结石或者是胆囊萎缩等胆囊病变患者,都有更大的几率患有胆囊癌。

Patients with gallbladder neck inlaid stones or gallbladder atrophy have a greater risk of gallbladder cancer.

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