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饮食养生:胆息肉饮食要注意什么

一般认为,胆囊息肉是胆囊癌的诱发因素,近些年来国内外也有许多关于胆囊息肉癌变的报道,尤其在伴有结石时,癌变机率会明显提高。

It is generally believed that gallbladder polyps are the inducing factors of gallbladder cancer. In recent years, there are many reports about gallbladder polyps canceration at home and abroad, especially when accompanied with stones, the probability of canceration will be significantly increased.

3、胆息肉的鉴别诊断胆息肉常用检查方法有b超、彩超、ct、核磁共振、胆道造影等,而最常用、最经济而且确诊率最高的方式是b超,由于胆囊息肉体积较小,在ct及核磁共振检查中容易被遗漏,胆道造是有一定痛苦及危险性,故极少应用。

3. The common examination methods for differential diagnosis of gallbladder polyps are B-ultrasound, color Doppler ultrasound, CT, nuclear magnetic resonance, cholangiography, etc., and the most common, most economical and the highest rate of diagnosis is B-ultrasound. Due to the small volume of gallbladder polyps, it is easy to be missed in CT and MRI examination. Cholangiography is painful and dangerous, so it is rarely used.

主要诊断手段是超声检查,对<5mm者的检出率可达90%以上,诊断的灵敏度和准确率均较高。

The main diagnostic method is ultrasound, the detection rate of & lt; 5mm patients can reach more than 90%, and the diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy are high.

2、要有合理的饮食结构过量食用精制碳水化合物会增加胆汁中胆固醇的饱和度,使胆固醇沉淀形成胆囊息肉。

2. To have a reasonable diet structure, excessive consumption of refined carbohydrates will increase the saturation of cholesterol in the bile, so that cholesterol precipitation to form gallbladder polyps.

其次是由于摄入大量的油脂类食物,促使胆汁成分改变,其中胆固醇与胆色素的含量增加,脂肪代谢也随之发生改变,胆汁容易浓缩,胆囊收缩也降低了,从而形成新的胆囊息肉或者使原有的病情加重。

Secondly, due to the intake of a large number of fatty foods, the composition of bile is changed. The content of cholesterol and bile pigment is increased, and the fat metabolism is also changed. The bile is easy to concentrate, and the contraction of gallbladder is also reduced, thus forming new gallbladder polyps or aggravating the original disease.

3、要保证健康的生活方式胆囊息肉患者一定要养成健康的生活习惯,每天按时睡觉,保证每天有7-8小时睡眠时间,要做到早睡早起;还要坚持锻炼身体,每天做半个小时的有氧活动,慢走散步也可以。

3. To ensure a healthy lifestyle, patients with gallbladder polyps must develop healthy living habits, go to bed on time every day, ensure that there are 7-8 hours of sleep every day, to do early to bed and early to rise; but also adhere to exercise, do half an hour of aerobic activities every day, walking can also be.

4、禁烟、禁酒戒烟、禁酒及含酒精类饮料,避免经常熬夜,要保持良好的心理状态,经常参加一些体育锻炼以增强体质。

4. No smoking, no alcohol, no alcohol, no alcoholic drinks. Avoid staying up late all the time. Keep a good mental state and take part in some physical exercises to strengthen our physique.

胆囊息肉的危害胆囊息肉是胆囊粘膜向胆囊腔内生长出来的一种容易引起突起性病变的疾病,早期的时候症状并不是太明显,因此这种疾病也是比较难发现的。

The harm of gallbladder polyp gallbladder polyp is the gallbladder mucosa to the gallbladder cavity growth out of a disease easy to cause protuberant lesions, early symptoms are not too obvious, so this disease is also relatively difficult to find.

慢慢地患者会感到右上腹部不适,通过b超检查可以发现息肉,临床发现的胆囊息肉样病变呈现出越来越多的趋势。

Gradually, patients will feel discomfort in the right upper abdomen. Polyps can be found by B-ultrasound examination. More and more polypoid lesions of gallbladder are found in clinic.

不过多发性胆囊息肉多数是由胆囊壁上皮细胞的基底膜内有胆固醇沉积的胆固醇沉着症,它是胆囊息肉的良性病变,很少发生癌性改变。

However, the majority of multiple gallbladder polyps are cholesterol deposition in the basement membrane of gallbladder wall epithelial cells. It is a benign lesion of gallbladder polyps, and rarely has cancerous changes.

胆囊息肉的危害就是从胆囊管是向外排泄胆汁的一条很细的管道,使得息肉妨碍了胆汁的出路。

The harm of gallbladder polyps is that the gallbladder duct is a very thin tube for excreting bile, which hinders the outlet of bile.

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一般认为,胆囊息肉是胆囊癌的诱发因素,近些年来国内外也有许多关于胆囊息肉癌变的报道,尤其在伴有结石时,癌变机率会明显提高。It is generally believed that gallbladder

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