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饮食养生:黄疸反复是怎么回事

细菌病毒的身体感染可以导致孩子出现黄疸问题,比如肝炎病毒的感染,血吸虫感染,钩端螺旋体感染等。

Bacterial virus infection can lead to jaundice in children, such as hepatitis virus infection, schistosomiasis infection, leptospirosis infection and so on.

医学上把未满月(出生28天内)宝宝出现的黄疸,称之为新生儿黄疸,主要症状为皮肤、黏膜、巩膜发黄,宝宝食欲不振、不安躁动,体温可能也会有所上升。

In medicine, the jaundice of a baby under the age of 28 days is called neonatal jaundice. The main symptoms are yellowing of skin, mucous membrane and sclera. The baby's appetite is poor and restless. The body temperature may also rise.

除上述检查外,还应进行一些有关溶血性疾病的辅助检查,如红细胞脆性试验、酸溶血试验、自身溶血试验、抗人球蛋白试验、血常规、尿隐血、血清游离血红蛋白、尿含铁血黄素、血清乳酸脱氢酶、葡萄糖-6-磷酸脱氢酶等。

In addition to routine tests such as hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic, hemolytic.

直接胆红素升高为主的黄疸见于各类肝内、肝外阻塞使胆汁排泄不畅,直接胆红素与总比值大于55%者。

Jaundice with elevated direct bilirubin was found in all kinds of intrahepatic and extrahepatic obstruction, and the ratio of direct bilirubin to total bilirubin was more than 55%.

除进行一些常规检查外,还需进一步检查碱性磷酸酶、γ-谷氨酰转肽酶、亮氨酸氨基肽酶、5-核苷酸酶、总胆固醇、脂蛋白-x等。

In addition to routine examination, alkaline phosphatase, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, leucine aminopeptidase, 5-nucleotidase, total cholesterol and Lipoprotein-X should be further examined.

黄疸怎么治疗光照疗法:该疗法是治疗黄疸最简单有效的方法。

How to treat jaundice with light therapy: the treatment is the most simple and effective way to treat jaundice.

让宝宝躺在光疗箱内,将双眼、会阴和肛门遮盖,其余部分裸露在外。

Let the baby lie in the phototherapy box, cover the eyes, perineum and anus, and expose the rest.

爸妈可以在自然光线下,观察新生儿皮肤黄染的程度,如果仅仅是面部黄染,为轻度黄疸;躯干部皮肤黄染,为中度黄疸;如果四肢和手足心也出现黄染,为重度黄疸。

Parents can observe the degree of jaundice of newborn skin under natural light. If it is only facial jaundice, it is mild jaundice; if the skin of trunk is yellow, it is moderate jaundice; if the limbs and hands and feet are also yellow, it is severe jaundice.

如果大便成陶土色,应考虑病理性黄疸,多由先天性胆道畸形所致。

If the stool is clay colored, pathological jaundice should be considered, which is mostly caused by congenital biliary malformation.

如果黄疸程度较重、出现伴随症状或大便颜色异常应及时去医院就诊,以免耽误治疗。

If the degree of jaundice is severe, accompanied by symptoms or abnormal stool color, timely go to the hospital to avoid delay in treatment.

因为胎便里含有很多胆红素,如果胎便不排干净,胆红素就会经过新生儿特殊的肝肠循环重新吸收到血液里,使黄疸增高。

Because fetal feces contain a lot of bilirubin, if the fetus is not discharged clean, bilirubin will be absorbed into the blood through the special liver and intestinal circulation of the newborn, so that jaundice increases.

4、给新生儿充足的水分,小便过少不利于胆红素的排泄。

4. To the newborn adequate water, urine too little is not conducive to the excretion of bilirubin.

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