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饮食养生:胆道感染最常见的致病菌

胆汁或胆囊壁细菌培养阳性者占50%~70%。

50% - 70% of the patients were positive for bacterial culture in bile or gallbladder wall.

2、胆道感染的症状腹痛、寒战高热及黄疸是胆总管结石梗阻、感染而致急性胆管炎的典型三联症状,如出现神昏谵语、血压下降等中毒性休克与中枢神经系统抑制征象时,称为急性梗阻性化脓性胆管炎(重症胆管炎)。

2. The symptoms of biliary tract infection abdominal pain, chills, high fever and jaundice are the typical triple symptoms of acute cholangitis caused by obstruction and infection of common bile duct stones. Acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis (severe cholangitis) is called when toxic shock and central nervous system depression signs such as delirium and delirium appear.

当代临床实践已初步摸索出一套以中医为主的中西医结合治疗方法,提高了治愈率,降低了手术率,并在控制炎症、排出结石方面取得较好的疗效。

Modern clinical practice has initially explored a set of traditional Chinese and Western medicine treatment method, which improves the cure rate, reduces the operation rate, and achieves good curative effect in controlling inflammation and removing stones.

一般急性期多“结胸发黄”、“黄疸”、“癖黄”等门类;慢性期多见于“胁痛”、“腹痛”等门类中。

In general, acute stage is more common in "chest jaundice", "jaundice", "jaundice" and other categories; chronic stage is more common in "flank pain", "abdominal pain" and other categories.

在联用抗菌药时,一是要注意配合恰当,可将繁殖期杀菌剂(如青霉素,头孢菌素内)与静止期杀菌剂(如氨基苷类、喹诺酮类)联合应用,具有协同效应。

In the combined use of antibacterial agents, one is to pay attention to the appropriate coordination. The combination of Germicides in breeding period (such as penicillin and cephalosporins) and static period fungicides (such as aminoglycosides and quinolones) can have synergistic effect.

然而,临床也发现很多体内放置了胆道支架的患者容易发生胆道感染,严重影响生活质量。

However, it is also found that many patients with biliary stents are prone to biliary tract infection, which seriously affects the quality of life.

胡冰课题组研究发现,肠胆反流是造成胆管炎的主要原因之一,也就是在胆道恶性梗阻处置入支架后,肠道内的食物及细菌会反向进入胆道,造成逆行性感染,而此前国际上尚无具有抗反流功能的胆道支架。

Hu Bing's research team found that enterobiliary reflux is one of the main causes of cholangitis, that is, after malignant biliary obstruction is treated with stent, food and bacteria in the intestine will reverse into the biliary tract, causing retrograde infection. However, there is no biliary stent with anti reflux function in the world before.

饮食养生:胆道感染最常见的致病菌

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