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饮食养生:婴儿有黄疸是什么原因

另外母子血型不合也会导致胆红素在新生儿体内堆积无法排出,另外病理性的黄疸可能是由于新生儿的疾病导致,比如新生儿窒息、早产、感染等因素菌可以导致新生儿黄疸过高。

In addition, maternal and child blood group incompatibility can also lead to bilirubin accumulation in the newborn body can not be discharged, in addition, pathological jaundice may be caused by neonatal diseases, such as neonatal asphyxia, premature birth, infection and other factors, bacteria can lead to neonatal jaundice too high.

母乳喂养也可以导致胆红素在新生儿体内堆积造成新生儿的黄疸偏高。

Breast feeding can also lead to bilirubin accumulation in the body of the newborn, resulting in high neonatal jaundice.

2、婴儿黄疸指数正常值新生儿生理性黄疸指数:通常新生儿在出生两天后,就可以用肉眼看出皮肤有点黄,在3~5天到达高峰,7~10天多半就会消失,这时黄疸指数(血清胆红素值)一般不超过15mg/dl就属正常范围。

2. Infant jaundice index normal value newborn physiological jaundice index: usually newborn in two days after birth, can be seen with naked eyes a little yellow skin, in 3 ~ 5 days to reach the peak, 7 ~ 10 days more than half will disappear, at this time jaundice index (serum bilirubin value) is generally not more than 15 mg/dl belongs to the normal range.

黄疸指数升得太高,有15mg/dl。

Jaundice index increased too high, 15 mg/dl.

3、婴儿黄疸的危害生理性黄疸通常是由于新生儿的肝脏功能不成熟而造成的。

3. The harm of infant jaundice physiological jaundice is usually caused by immature liver function of newborn.

随着新生儿肝脏处理胆红素的能力加强,黄疸会自然消退,所以生理性的黄疸,爸妈一般不需要额外的护理。

With the ability of neonatal liver to process bilirubin, jaundice will naturally subside, so parents generally do not need extra care for physiological jaundice.

需要注意的是,严重的病理性黄疸可并发脑核性黄疸,通常称“核黄疸”,造成神经系统损害,导致儿童智力低下等严重后遗症,甚至死亡。

It should be noted that severe pathological jaundice can be complicated with cerebral nuclear jaundice, which is usually called "nuclear jaundice", which can cause nervous system damage, lead to serious sequelae such as mental retardation of children, and even death.

新生儿黄疸分类新生儿生理性黄疸:正常新生儿出生后2—3天即有黄疸出现。

Classification of neonatal jaundice: neonatal physiological jaundice: jaundice appears 2-3 days after birth.

有的黄疸很轻微,不仔细观察,甚至不易发现。

In some cases, jaundice is not easy to be observed.

有的黄疸很深,持续时间也长,半个月或二十余天不等,表现出黄疸滞留现象。

Some jaundice is very deep, the duration is also long, half a month or more than 20 days, showing jaundice retention phenomenon.

但只要吃奶好,精神无异常,大小便正常,而且黄疸日渐变淡,这也属生理性黄疸范围,不必惊慌。

But as long as the milk is good, the spirit is normal, and jaundice gradually fade, this is also a physiological jaundice range, do not panic.

新生儿病理性黄疸:黄疸出现得早,生后24小时内即出黄疸;黄疸程度重,呈金黄色或黄疸遍及全身,手心、足底亦有较明显的黄疸或血清胆红素大于12~15毫克/分升;黄疸持久,出生2—3周后黄疸仍持续不退甚至加深,或减轻后又加深;伴有贫血或大便颜色变淡者;出现体温不正常、食欲不佳、呕吐等表现症状者。

Neonatal pathological jaundice: jaundice appears early, jaundice occurs within 24 hours after birth; the degree of jaundice is severe, showing golden yellow or jaundice all over the body; there are obvious jaundice in palm and sole of foot, or serum bilirubin is more than 12-15 mg/dl; jaundice is persistent, jaundice still continues or deepens after 2-3 weeks of birth, or deepens after abatement; accompanied by anemia or stool color fading; Abnormal body temperature, poor appetite, vomiting and other performance symptoms.

2、观察大便颜色。

2. Observe stool color.

如果大便成陶土色,应考虑病理性黄疸,多由先天性胆道畸形所致。

If the stool is clay colored, pathological jaundice should be considered, which is mostly caused by congenital biliary malformation.

如果黄疸程度较重、出现伴随症状或大便颜色异常应及时去医院就诊,以免耽误治疗。

If the degree of jaundice is severe, accompanied by symptoms or abnormal stool color, timely go to the hospital to avoid delay in treatment.

因为胎便里含有很多胆红素,如果胎便不排干净,胆红素就会经过新生儿特殊的肝肠循环重新吸收到血液里,使黄疸增高。

Because fetal feces contain a lot of bilirubin, if the fetus is not discharged clean, bilirubin will be absorbed into the blood through the special liver and intestinal circulation of the newborn, so that jaundice increases.

5、在黄疽期间要注意给予足够的糖水及热力,并保护好肝脏。

5. During the period of jaundice, we should give enough sugar water and heat, and protect the liver.

6、如果黄疽出现过早或消失过迟,或黄疸程度过重,或逐渐减轻后又再加重,婴儿精神不佳、吸奶少或拒奶等临床症状时,则属病理性黄疸,应及时去医院诊治。

6. If the jaundice appears too early or disappears too late, or the jaundice degree is too heavy, or gradually reduces and then aggravates again, the infant's spirit is not good, sucking less or refusing milk and other clinical symptoms, it belongs to pathological jaundice, should go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment in time.

饮食养生:婴儿有黄疸是什么原因

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