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饮食养生:急性黄疸肝炎传染吗

起病时患者常感畏寒、发热,体温38℃左右,少数患者可持续高热数日。

At the onset of the disease, patients often feel chilly, fever, body temperature of about 38 ℃, a few patients with high fever for several days.

乙肝表面抗原阳性、乙肝核心抗体免疫球蛋白m(抗-hbcigm)阳性。

Hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis B core antibody immunoglobulin M (anti hbcigm) were positive.

此期患者的血液、大小便、呕吐物中均含有大量肝炎病毒,因而有很强的传染性。

The blood, stool and vomit of the patients at this stage contain a large number of hepatitis virus, so they are highly infectious.

所以在患上这一疾病以后,必须要做好隔离的措施,以免导致病情恶化。

So after suffering from this disease, we must do a good job in isolation measures, so as not to lead to deterioration of the disease.

这一疾病首先会导致肝脏出现损伤,比如说导致肝脏出现侵润、充血的现象,影响肝脏正常的组织结构和功能,肝脏的代谢功能也会受到影响。

This disease will first lead to liver damage, such as liver infiltration, congestion phenomenon, affect the normal liver tissue structure and function, liver metabolism function will also be affected.

2、急性黄疸肝炎如何传染黄疸型肝炎不通过消化道和呼吸道传播,所以日常接触如握手、拥抱、一起工作、吃饭等一般不会传播。

2. How is acute icteric hepatitis transmitted? Icteric hepatitis is not transmitted through the digestive tract and respiratory tract, so daily contact such as shaking hands, hugging, working together, eating and so on will not be transmitted.

黄疸型肝炎的病毒会通过大小便排除,通过手、水、苍蝇污染后的食品传染给他人。

Jaundice hepatitis virus will be eliminated through the urine and urine, through the hands, water, fly contaminated food transmitted to others.

与黄疸型肝炎患者接触应注意避免皮肤、粘膜的破损。

Contact with patients with icteric hepatitis should pay attention to avoid the damage of skin and mucous membrane.

补牙、修面、修脚、医疗器械如针具、口腔器材、内镜等消毒不彻底,也可能引起黄疸型肝炎的传播。

Incomplete disinfection of filling teeth, shaving, pedicure, medical instruments such as needles, oral appliances and endoscopes may also cause the spread of icteric hepatitis.

3、急性黄疸肝炎如何治疗3.1、一般治疗卧床休息,多吃富含蛋白质的食物,多吃富含维生素的食物,多吃易消化的食物,多吃清淡食物,多吃新鲜的蔬菜水果,少吃辛辣刺激性强的食物,少吃煎炸油腻的食物。

3. How to treat acute jaundice hepatitis 3.1, general treatment bed rest, eat more protein rich food, eat more vitamin rich food, eat more easily digestible food, eat more light food, eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, eat less spicy food, less fried greasy food.

3.3、抗病毒治疗大部分患者不需要抗病毒治疗,少部分患者可考虑采用抗病毒疗法。

3.3. Antiviral treatment most patients do not need antiviral treatment, and a small number of patients can consider antiviral therapy.

如果患者病程超过8周,且反复发作,最好还是根据医生指导采用抗病毒疗法。

If the course of disease is more than 8 weeks, and repeated attacks, it is better to use antiviral therapy according to the doctor's guidance.

采用抗病毒疗法时,一般不主张应用肾上腺皮质激素,因为肾上腺皮质激素会损害肝脏,影响食欲及药物的吸收。

When using antiviral therapy, adrenocorticotropic hormone is generally not recommended, because adrenal cortical hormone can damage the liver, affect appetite and drug absorption.

急性黄疸肝炎如何饮食1、保证充足的热量供给一般每日以8400~10500千焦(2000~2500千卡)比较适宜。

How to eat acute jaundice hepatitis 1, to ensure adequate heat supply, generally 8400 ~ 10500 kJ (2000 ~ 2500 kcal) is more appropriate.

2、碳水化合物一般可占总热能的60~70%。

2. Carbohydrates generally account for 60-70% of the total energy.

碳水化合物供给主要应通过主食。

Carbohydrate supply should be mainly through staple food.

3、蛋白质供给为促进肝细胞的修复与再生、应增加蛋白质供给,一般应占总热能的15%,特别应保证一定数量优质蛋白,如动物性蛋包质、豆制品等的供给。

3. In order to promote the repair and regeneration of hepatocytes, protein supply should be increased, generally accounting for 15% of the total heat energy. In particular, a certain amount of high-quality protein, such as animal egg and soybean products, should be guaranteed.

4、脂肪摄入脂肪摄入一般可不加限制,因肝炎病人多有厌油及食欲不振等症状,通常情况下,不会出现脂肪摄入过多的问题。

4. Fat intake, fat intake generally can not be restricted, because hepatitis patients often have symptoms such as anorexia and anorexia, under normal circumstances, there will not be excessive fat intake.

除了选择富含这些维生素的食物外,也可口服多种维生素制剂。

In addition to choosing foods rich in these vitamins, multivitamin preparations can also be taken orally.

6、供给充足的液体适当多饮果汁、米汤、蜂蜜水、西瓜汁等,可加速毒物排泄及保证肝脏正常代谢功能。

6. Adequate liquid supply and adequate drinking of fruit juice, rice soup, honey water, watermelon juice, etc. can accelerate the excretion of poison and ensure the normal metabolic function of liver.

2、忌食糯米、大枣、荔枝等黏糯滋腻之物;3、忌食马铃薯、豆瓣等易致胀气的食物;4、忌食动物油、肥肉、狗肉、海鱼、虾子、以及黄芪、紫河车、黄精等补益之品。

2. Avoid glutinous rice, jujube, litchi and other sticky and greasy things; 3. Avoid eating potato, bean paste and other easily flatulent food; 4. Avoid eating animal oil, fat meat, dog meat, sea fish, shrimp roe, as well as Astragalus, Ziheche, polygonatum and other tonic products.

5、阴黄之人还应忌食螃蟹、螺蛳、蚌肉、柿于、香蕉、莼菜、生地瓜、生菜瓜、苦瓜等生冷性凉食物。

5. Yin Yellow people should also avoid eating crab, snail, mussel, persimmon, banana, water shield, raw sweet potato, raw cabbage, balsam pear and other cold food.

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