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饮食养生:胆石症有哪些症状

有时可以伴有轻微不适被误认为是胃病而没有及时就诊。

Sometimes it can be accompanied by mild discomfort, which is mistaken for stomach disease and not treated in time.

1.3、胆囊内的小结石可嵌顿于胆囊颈部,引起临床症状,尤其在进食油腻饮食后胆囊收缩,或睡眠时由于体位改变,可以使症状加剧。

1.3. Small stones in the gallbladder can be embedded in the neck of gallbladder, causing clinical symptoms, especially when the gallbladder contracts after eating a greasy diet, or because of the change of body position during sleep, the symptoms can be aggravated.

1.4、当胆石嵌于胆囊颈部时,造成急性梗阻,导致胆囊内压力增高,胆汁不能通过胆囊颈和胆囊管排出,从而引起临床症状,通常表现为胆绞痛。

1.4. When gallstones are embedded in the neck of the gallbladder, acute obstruction will be caused, resulting in increased pressure in the gallbladder, and bile can not be discharged through the gallbladder neck and cystic duct, resulting in clinical symptoms, usually manifested as biliary colic.

有部分患者可以在几小时后临床症状自行缓解。

Some patients can relieve their symptoms after a few hours.

2、什么是胆石症胆结石是指发生在胆囊内的结石所引起的疾病,是一种常见病。

2. What is cholelithiasis? Gallstone refers to the disease caused by stones in the gallbladder, which is a common disease.

胆结石是最常见的胆道疾病。

Gallstones are the most common biliary diseases.

3、胆石症的病因胆囊结石是指发生在胆囊内的结石所引起[2]的疾病,是一种胆结石常见病。

3. The etiology of cholelithiasis cholecystolithiasis is a common disease of gallstones, which is caused by stones in the gallbladder.

在美国,胆囊结石的发病率为10-15%,每年新诊断胆结石患者约1,000,000人,每年接受胆囊切除手术的患者约700,000例,直接医疗费用为$$5.8 billion/年。

In the United States, the incidence rate of gallstones is 10-15%, and about 1000000 new diagnosed gallstones a year. About 700000 patients undergo cholecystectomy every year, and the direct medical cost is $$5.8 billion/years.

胃肠道疾病:如胃肠道功能紊乱,消化性溃疡,位置高的阑尾炎及右侧结肠疾病等。

Gastrointestinal diseases: such as gastrointestinal dysfunction, peptic ulcer, high position appendicitis and right colon disease.

具体上来说,就是尽量多吃蔬菜,食物纤维具有减少血液中的胆固醇的功能。

Specifically, it is to eat vegetables as much as possible. Food fiber has the function of reducing cholesterol in the blood.

限制含丰富动物性脂肪的蛋、奶油、牛油、肝、鱼卵类等食物,大量油腻饮食会加重患者腹泻、恶心、呕吐的症状。

Limited animal fat rich eggs, cream, butter, liver, fish eggs and other food, a large number of greasy diet will aggravate the symptoms of diarrhea, nausea, vomiting.

规律饮食,三餐要固定时间。

Regular diet, three meals to a fixed time.

戒烟酒,少吃零食,加强运动锻炼。

Quit smoking and drinking, eat less snacks, and strengthen exercise.

2、胆结石的饮食注意饮食和饮水卫生,饮食宜清淡易消化,三餐要定时。

2. The diet of gallstones should pay attention to the hygiene of diet and drinking water. The diet should be light and easy to digest, and the three meals should be regular.

宜食含丰富营养、维生素的食物;宜多吃豆制品,宜吃植物油,如棉籽油、豆油、花生油、玉米油、芝麻油、米糠油;宜多吃黄绿叶蔬菜,如油菜、小白菜、菠菜及胡萝卜等富含维生素a的食物。

They should eat foods rich in nutrition and vitamins; they should eat more bean products and vegetable oils, such as cottonseed oil, soybean oil, peanut oil, corn oil, sesame oil and rice bran oil; they should eat more yellow green leafy vegetables, such as rape, cabbage, spinach and carrots, which are rich in vitamin A.

3、胆结石不能吃什么胆结石患者不宜食用高脂肪、高糖、生冷硬类饮食。

3. Gallstones can not eat what gallstones patients should not eat high fat, high sugar, cold and hard food.

忌肥腻燥热食物,如肥肉类、油炸类,限制胆固醇的摄取量,如鱼肉、内脏、蛋黄等富含胆固醇的食物;尽量少食用产生气体的食物,如:萝卜、洋葱、马铃薯、甘薯、豆类等;忌酒类。

Avoid fat, greasy, dry and hot food, such as fat meat and fried food, limit the intake of cholesterol, such as fish, viscera, egg yolk and other foods rich in cholesterol; try to eat less food that produces gas, such as radish, onion, potato, sweet potato, beans, etc.; avoid alcohol.

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