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饮食养生:怎么引起胆管堵塞

致病菌几乎都来自肠道,经乏特壶腹或经胆肠吻合口的通道逆行进入胆道。

Almost all of the pathogenic bacteria come from the intestine, and retrograde into the biliary tract through the ampulla of Vater or through the channel of choledochojejunostomy.

细菌亦可通过血行或淋巴通道进入胆道。

Bacteria can also enter the bile duct or blood passage.

致病菌主要为大肠杆菌,克雷白菌,粪链球菌和某些厌氧菌。

The main pathogenic bacteria were Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, Streptococcus faecalis and some anaerobic bacteria.

2、胆管结石的并发症有哪些急性期并发症:肝内胆管结石病的急性期并发症主要是胆道感染,包括重症肝胆管炎、胆源性肝脓肿及伴随的感染性并发症。

2. What are the acute complications of bile duct stones: the acute complications of intrahepatic cholelithiasis are mainly biliary tract infection, including severe cholangitis, biliary liver abscess and associated infectious complications.

感染的诱因与结石的梗阻和胆道的炎性狭狭窄有关。

The inducement of infection is related to the obstruction of stone and inflammatory stricture of biliary tract.

慢性期并发症:肝内胆管结石病的慢性期并发症包括全身营养不良、贫血、低蛋白血症,慢性胆管炎和胆源性肝脓肿,多发性肝胆管狭窄,肝叶纤维化萎缩,胆汁性肝硬化、门脉高压症,肝功能失代偿,以及与长期胆道感染和胆汁滞留有关的迟发性肝胆管癌。

Chronic complications: the chronic complications of intrahepatic cholelithiasis include systemic malnutrition, anemia, hypoproteinemia, chronic cholangitis and biliary abscess, multiple hepatobiliary stricture, hepatic lobe fibrosis and atrophy, biliary cirrhosis, portal hypertension, decompensation of liver function, and delayed cholangiocarcinoma associated with long-term biliary tract infection and bile retention.

2、黄疸:患者在感到腹痛后的第二天的时候,会出现眼白和皮肤发黄,小便颜色变深。

2. Jaundice: patients in the second day after abdominal pain, there will be white eyes and yellow skin, dark urine color.

它们也都是因胆石阻塞胆管所引起。

They are also caused by cholelithiasis blocking the bile duct.

故此,胆总管结石所致的黄疸一般不会太深,而且在病程之中,黄疸会时浅时深,肿瘤阻塞所致的黄疸常常较深,且呈进行性加深。

Therefore, choledocholithiasis caused by jaundice is generally not too deep, and in the course of disease, jaundice will be shallow or deep, jaundice caused by tumor obstruction is often deep, and progressive deepening.

材料新鲜,烹调合理:选择高营养、高热量、易消化、质较软的新鲜食品为宜。

Fresh materials and reasonable cooking: choose fresh food with high nutrition, high calorie, easy digestion and soft quality.

尽可能避免加工食品和方便食品。

Avoid processed food and convenience food as much as possible.

3、控制与维持体重:据科学研究表明,肥胖易患胆石症,应努力控制、维持标准体重,以减少体内的脂肪含量,对胆道疾病的疗养十分有益。

3. Control and maintenance of body weight: according to scientific research, obesity is prone to cholelithiasis, and efforts should be made to control and maintain the standard weight to reduce the fat content in the body, which is very beneficial to the recuperation of biliary tract diseases.

饮食养生:怎么引起胆管堵塞

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