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饮食养生:胆囊结石的表现

坏疽性胆囊炎及化脓性胆囊炎可有寒战高烧。

Gangrenous cholecystitis and suppurative cholecystitis may have chills and high fever.

呕吐物多为胃内容物,呕吐后腹痛无明显缓解。

Most of the vomit was stomach contents, and abdominal pain was not relieved after vomiting.

2、胆囊结石的症状体征胆囊结石在早期通常约60%的病人无明显临床表现,于查体或行上腹部其他手术而被发现。

2. Symptoms and signs of cholecystolithiasis in the early stage, about 60% of patients have no obvious clinical manifestations, and are found in physical examination or other upper abdominal surgery.

部分单发或多发的胆囊结石,在胆囊内自由存在,不易发生嵌顿,很少产生症状,被称为无症状胆囊结石胆囊内的小结石可嵌顿于胆囊颈部,引起临床症状,尤其在进食油腻饮食后胆囊收缩,或睡眠时由于体位改变,可以使症状加剧。

Some single or multiple gallstones exist freely in the gallbladder and are not easy to be incarcerated and rarely produce symptoms. They are called asymptomatic cholecystolithiasis. Small stones in the gallbladder can be embedded in the neck of the gallbladder, causing clinical symptoms, especially when the gallbladder contracts after eating a greasy diet, or because of the change of body position during sleep, the symptoms can be aggravated.

发病性别差异。

The incidence of sex differences.

胆囊结石发病在种族之间的差异明显,提示遗传因素是胆石病的发病机制之一。

The difference in the incidence of gallstone among different races indicates that genetic factors are one of the pathogenesis of gallstone disease.

4、平时的饮食要有规律一日三餐不可少,并且患病期间和治疗期间要多注意不要抽烟喝酒以免病情严重,宜多食各种新鲜水果、蔬菜,进低脂肪、低胆固醇食品,少吃辣椒、生蒜等刺激性食物或辛辣食品。

4. The usual diet should be regular, three meals a day is indispensable, and during the period of illness and treatment, more attention should be paid not to smoke and drink, so as to avoid serious illness. It is advisable to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, low-fat and low-cholesterol food, and less spicy food such as chili and raw garlic.

有学者指出,有胆结石的病人罹患胆囊癌的危险性是无结石者的6-15倍;结石的大小与胆囊癌的发生率也有着密切的联系,有40%的胆囊癌患者结石大于3厘米,12%小于1厘米,且直径3厘米以上者发生胆囊癌的危险性要比1厘米以下的高10倍;结石时间长短也与发生胆囊癌相关。

Some scholars pointed out that the risk of gallbladder cancer in patients with gallstones is 6-15 times higher than those without gallstones; the size of stones is also closely related to the incidence of gallbladder cancer. 40% of patients with gallbladder cancer have stones larger than 3 cm, 12% less than 1 cm, and those with diameter more than 3 cm have a 10 times higher risk of gallbladder cancer than those below 1 cm; the length of time of stones is also related to the occurrence of gallbladder cancer.

饮食养生:胆囊结石的表现

坏疽性胆囊炎及化脓性胆囊炎可有寒战高烧。Gangrenous cholecystitis and suppurative cholecystitis may have chills and high fever.呕吐物多为胃内容物,呕吐后腹痛无明

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